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Among the Statistical Subdivision (SSDs) within Victoria, the unemployment rate was lower in 2001 than in 1996. Most of the Victorian SSDs recorded a decrease in full-time employment, but every SSD (except that of Off-Shore Areas & Migratory) experienced a rise in part-time employment, which is associated with the lower unemployment.
An example of this, is the SSD of South Gippsland, which experienced the second largest decrease in full-time employment, as a proportion of persons in the labour force (to 55.8% from 59.4%), and the second largest increase in part-time employment (to 33.9% from 28.7%). The unemployment rate decreased to 7.1% from 9.3%.
Alternately, the SSD of Inner Melbourne recorded the highest increase in the proportion of full-time workers since 1996 (to 65.7% in 2001 from 63.6%), as well as the second lowest increase in the proportion of part-time workers (to 25.7% from 24.3%). The Off-Shore Areas & Migratory also recorded a large increase in the proportion of full-time workers (to 85.1% from 78.3%).
In 2001, the highest proportions of full-time workers, as a proportion of persons in the labour force, were recorded in the Statistical Local Areas (SLAs) of Melbourne - S'bank-D'lands (74.2%), Melbourne - Inner (72.5%), Port Phillip - West (70.0%), Melton-East (67.2%) and Wyndham - South (67.1%). The Off-Shore Areas & Migratory SLA recorded 85.1%.
Concentrations of part-time workers, as proportions of persons in the labour force, were generally recorded in SLAs outside Melbourne. The highest proportions were in French Island (40.0%), Bass Coast - Phillip Is. (39.0%), Queenscliffe (37.3%), Murrindindi-East and Surf Coast - West (both 36.3%). The highest within Melbourne was Mornington P'sula-South (37.0%).
In 2001, the largest occupation groups were Professionals (399,158 persons or 19.2%), Intermediate Clerical, Sales and Service Workers (335,140 persons or 16.1%), Tradespersons and Related Workers (253,927 persons or 12.2%), Associate Professionals (236,451 persons or 11.4%), and Elementary Clerical, Sales and Service Workers (199,835 persons or 9.6%). These proportions are similar to 1996.
Within Melbourne SLAs, the highest proportion of employed people were working as Professionals. Yarra - North (40.8%) was the highest, followed by Boroondara - Kew (37.7%), Melbourne - Remainder (37.2%), Boroondara - Hawthorn (36.6%) and Boroondara - Camberwell S. (35.6%). The highest proportion outside Melbourne was Newtown (28.0%).
Intermediate Clerical, Sales and Service Workers were dispersed throughout the State. The SLAs of Wyndham - West (20.4%), Hume - Sunbury (19.8%), Wyndham - North (19.5%) and Melton Bal (19.4%) recorded the highest proportions within Melbourne, while Gr. Bendigo - Inner East (17.8%), Yarra Ranges - Pt B (17.5%) and Ballarat - South (17.2%) recorded the highest proportions outside Melbourne.
The SLAs of Mornington P'sula - East (20.4%), Yarra Ranges - Central (18.7%) and Mornington P'sula - South (18.5%) recorded the highest proportions of persons working as Tradespersons and Related Workers in Melbourne, and the SLAs of C. Goldfields - M'borough (19.8%), Mitchell - South (18.8%), and Latrobe - Moe (18.7%) outside Melbourne. The Off-Shore Areas and Migratory SLA also recorded a high proportion with 35.7%.
High proportions of persons working as Associate Professionals were recorded in the SLAs of Melbourne - Inner (16.8%) and Melbourne - S'bank-D'lands (16.2%). High proportions were also recorded outside Melbourne in the SLAs of Queenscliffe and Alpine - East (both 17.8%).
The highest proportions of persons working as Elementary Clerical, Sales and Service Workers were recorded in the SLAs of Gr. Bendigo - Eaglehawk (14.0%), Horsham - Central (13.0%) and Gr. Bendigo - Inner West (12.4%) all outside Melbourne. In Melbourne the highest proportions were in the SLAs of Whittlesea - South (11.9%) and Mornington P'sula - South (11.8%).
In 2001, the four largest industries of employment in Victoria were Manufacturing (318,218 persons or 15.3%), Retail Trade (307,419 persons or 14.8%), Property and Business Services (237,123 persons or 11.4%) and Health and Community Services (202,226 persons or 9.7%). These were also the top four industries in Victoria in 1996.
Since 1996 there has been an increase in the proportions of persons working in Retail Trade (to 14.8% from 13.8%), Property and Business Services (to 11.4% from 9.9%), and Construction (to 6.6% from 5.9%), while there was a decline in the proportion of persons working in Manufacturing (to 15.3% from 16.3%) and Wholesale Trade (to 5.6% from 6.1%).
Manufacturing was the only industry recording high proportions of employed persons both in metropolitan and regional SLAs. Within Melbourne, these were the SLAs of Gr.Dandenong Bal (32.2%), Gr. Dandenong - Dandenong (28.9%), Brimbank - Sunshine (26.9%), Casey - Hallam (26.4%) and Casey - Cranbourne (26.1%). Outside Melbourne, SLAs recording high proportions of persons employed in this industry were C.Goldfields-M'borough (29.6%), Indigo - Pt B (27.3%) and Mount Alexander - C'maine (23.0%).
At the SLA level, the highest proportions of persons employed in Retail Trade were recorded in Horsham - Central (21.1%), Gr. Bendigo - Eaglehawk (20.6%), Gr. Bendigo - Inner West (20.0%), S. Grampians - Hamilton (19.8%) and Wellington - Sale (19.4%), all outside Melbourne. The highest within Melbourne was Mornington P'sula - South (18.3%).
The highest proportions of persons employed in Property and Business were recorded in the metropolitan SLAs including Port Phillip - West (25.4%), Melbourne - S'bank-D'lands(24.5%), Stonnington - Prahran (24.0%), Boroondara - Hawthorn (23.3%) and Melbourne - Inner (23.1%). The highest outside Melbourne was Newtown (10.8%).
Persons employed in Health and Community Services were dispersed throughout the State. Indigo - Pt A (15.8%), Ballarat - Central (15.3%), Boroondara - Kew (15.2%), Gr. Bendigo - Central (14.5%) and Newtown (14.4%) were the highest.
The number of unemployed persons decreased by 22.6% to 151,859 in 2001 from 196,189 in 1996. The unemployment rate fell to 6.8% in 2001 from 9.4% in 1996. The unemployment rate was 7.4% for Australia in 2001.
While the number of unemployed persons looking for full-time work fell by 31.5% (to 106,157 in 2001 from 155,021 in 1996), those unemployed persons looking for part-time work increased by 11.0% (to 45,702 in 2001 from 41,168 in 1996).
At the SSD level, the largest declines in the unemployment rates between 1996 and 2001 were recorded in Moreland City (to 8.7% from 13.3%), East Gippsland Shire (to 8.8% from 13.2%) and North Loddon (to 9.1% from 13.4%).
In 2001, SLAs with the highest unemployment rates in Melbourne were Brimbank - Sunshine (13.8%), Maribyrnong (12.5%) and Hume - Broadmeadows (12.0%). Outside Melbourne, Latrobe - Moe (15.3%), Latrobe - Morwell (14.6%) and C. Goldfields Bal (11.8%) recorded the highest unemployment rates.
For those aged 15-24 years, the unemployment rate fell to 12.8% in 2001 from 16.1% in 1996. This compares with a decline to 13.8% in 2001 from 15.7% in 1996 in Australia.
The five highest youth unemployment rates were recorded outside Melbourne in the SLAs of Latrobe - Moe (24.8%), Glenelg - Portland (23.7%), Latrobe - Morwell (23.0%), C. Goldfields Bal (20.5%) and Golden Plains - North-West (20.3%). The SLA of Melbourne - Inner also recorded 20.3% and had the highest youth unemployment rate within Melbourne.
Level of Education
In 2001, there were 1,277,884 persons with a qualification, accounting for 34.8% of all persons aged 15 years and over in Victoria. This proportion rose from 30.0% in 1996 (an increase of 249,223 persons). This rise was consistent with Australia, which rose to 34.7% in 2001 from 30.0% in 1996.
Of those with a qualification, 41.7% (532,731 persons) held a Certificate, 30.6% (390,733 persons) held a Bachelor Degree, 17.6% (224,360 persons) held an Advanced Diploma and Diploma, and 10.2% (130,060 persons) held a Postgraduate Degree or Graduate Diploma and Graduate Certificate.
The highest proportions of persons with a Bachelor Degree or higher as their highest level of qualification were found within Melbourne. The SLAs of Boroondara - Hawthorn (35.8%), Yarra - North (35.7%), Boroondara - Kew (34.4%), Boroondara - Camberwell S. (33.2%) and Stonnington - Prahran (32.5%) recorded the highest concentrations, while Newtown (20.4%) recorded the highest proportion outside Melbourne.
High proportions of the population aged 15 years and over with an Advanced Diploma and Diploma were dispersed throughout the State. The SLAs of Bayside - South, Stonnington - Malvern, Bayside - Brighton and Boroondara - Camberwell all recorded 9.2%. The highest proportion outside Melbourne was registered in Newtown (9.0%). Off-Shore Areas and Migratory recorded 13.2% of persons with this qualification as their highest.
Proportions of persons with a Certificate as their highest level of qualification were also dispersed throughout the State. The SLAs of Latrobe Bal (21.1%), Yarra Ranges - Pt B (20.8%) and Towong - Pt A (19.9%) registered the highest proportions outside Melbourne. Frankston - East (20.7%), Casey - South (20.2%), Cardinia - North (20.2%) were the highest within Melbourne. The Off-Shore Areas and Migratory SLA recorded a relatively high proportion of the population with a Certificate with 40.3%.
Field of Study
Of all persons aged 15 years and over with a qualification, qualifications were most commonly held in the fields of Engineering and Related Technologies (300,066 persons or 17.7%), Management and Commerce (248,780 persons or 14.6%), Health (147,664 persons or 8.7%), and Education (130,735 persons or 7.7%). Other, which includes Society and Culture, Creative Arts, Food, Hospitality and Personal Services, and Mixed Programmes (294,937 persons or 17.4%) also recorded a high proportion.
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