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All aspects of digital game development and production (e.g. concept and art design, animation, audio, programming etc.), online game development services and post-production, digital and visual effects (PDV) work on digital games.
Digital game development services income
Income from the provision of digital game development or production services to other businesses. Includes PDV work on digital games.
Digital game developers
Businesses that generate income predominantly from the development of digital games for a range of formats (major consoles, handheld consoles, personal computers and mobile phones).
Interactive software products made for the consumer entertainment market, involving a gameplay feature. Excludes products primarily designed for the purposes of training or advertising (these should be treated as other software applications).
Fees received by directors of films which are predetermined prior to the commencement of the film. This income can be a combination of fees, commissions or profit sharing.
Films or programs that provide a creative treatment of actuality other than news and current affairs, sports coverage, magazines, infotainment or light entertainment programs. This item also includes short documentaries. It excludes dramatised documentaries and documentaries made for children.
Programs that have a fully or partially scripted screenplay in which the dramatic elements of character, theme and plot are introduced and developed to form a narrative structure. Includes programs in which actors deliver improvised dialogue based on a scripted outline. Also includes animated drama and dramatised documentaries. Note also that situation and sketch comedy is a subcategory of drama, although this excludes stand-up comedy programs and comedy sketches featured incidentally in other types of programs.
Drama and documentary production and post-production businesses
Film and video production or post-production businesses that derived or incurred income or production expenses in the survey reference period related to drama or documentary productions.
Media produced primarily for educational purposes. This includes media produced for schools, tertiary and other educational institutions, as well as for the general public.
Employment at end June
Number of persons working for businesses during the last pay period ending in June of the given year. Includes working proprietors and partners, employees absent on paid or prepaid leave, employees on workers' compensation who continue to be paid through the payroll, and contract workers paid through the payroll. Excludes persons paid by commission only, non-salaried directors, volunteers and self-employed persons such as consultants and contractors.
End-to-end digital game development income
Income earned from the end-to-end development and production of digital games during the reference period. Includes sales revenue (including pre-sales and advances from publishers and parent companies), unit sales, subscription and revenue from in-game purchasing and advertising, government funding received for the production of digital games and investment contributions from the public or private sector. Excludes development or production services provided to other businesses.
Executive producers, producers, line producers
Staff who spend the majority of their time in the role of executive producer, producer or line producer on the set of productions.
Executive producers' fees, producers' fees, line production
Executive producers' fees, producers' fees and income from line production as production services to other businesses.
Films that are 60 minutes or longer in length, excluding documentaries and telemovies.
Film and video other than television programs
Film and video productions other than television programs. Excludes commercials and program promotions.
Film and video post-production businesses
Businesses mainly engaged in the provision of post-production services and other motion picture and video activities (including specialised motion picture or video post-production services).
Film and video production businesses
Businesses mainly engaged in producing motion pictures, videos, television programs and/or commercials and program promotions.
Film, television and video production services
Production services including executive producers' fees, producers' fees, line production, directors' fees, cinematography, rental of facilities and/or equipment with crew and other production services.
Staff primarily working on the layout, concept and design of a game. This may include writing scripts, specifications or creating storyboards for digital games.
General business operations
Staff who spend the majority of their time working on general business operations. Includes managers and administrators, sales and marketing staff, IT support staff and accounting, legal and clerical staff. Excludes producers and production managers.
Gross income from the sale of airtime
Income from the sale of airtime or 'space' on television for the broadcasting of advertisers' commercials or sponsors' messages. Includes advertising sales revenue from subscription television channels.
IVA is an estimate of the difference between the market value of the output of an industry and the purchases of materials and expenses incurred in the production of that output. For the purposes of this collection, all businesses are considered to be market producers.
The derivation of IVA for market producers is as follows:
Sales and service income
plus Funding from federal, state and/or local government for operational costs
plus Capital work done for own use
plus Closing inventories
less Opening inventories
less Purchases of goods and materials
less Other intermediate input expenses
However, it should be noted that IVA is a measure of economic activity and is not equivalent to operating profit before tax (OPBT). Wage and salary expenses and most other labour costs are not taken into account in the calculation, neither are interest expenses, depreciation or a number of lesser expenses. On the income side, OPBT includes total income, whereas IVA only includes sales and service income and government funding for operational costs.
Includes interest paid on loans from banks, finance companies, partners, and related or unrelated businesses, and in respect of finance leases. Also includes interest equivalents such as hedging costs and expenses associated with discounted bills. Excludes bank charges other than interest, and capital repayments.
Comprises wages and salaries (including salary sacrificed earnings paid on behalf of employees and employee share based payments and stock options), employer contributions into superannuation, workers' compensation premiums/costs, fringe benefits tax and payroll tax. Excludes capitalised wages and salaries.
Light entertainment and variety
Includes infotainment, lifestyle, stand-up comedy, panel shows, variety, quiz and game, and reality television programs. Excludes programming made specifically for children (see entry for Other children's programs).
Mobile and web platforms
Games developed for mobile and web platforms such as iOS and Flash.
Titles developed simultaneously for more than one of the following platforms: Console, handheld console, PC and Mac, Mobile and web platforms. Note that such titles are excluded from the individual categories for which they are developed.
News and current affairs
Programs reporting on current or recent happenings, including film coverage of international, national and local events, reports on weather and essential services. Also includes sports news bulletins, and programs which interpret events through interviews or discussion with acknowledged experts.
Productions not defined as online. See entry for Online.
Office-based production staff
Production staff who are primarily based in the office. This includes animation, computer generated imagery and visual effects technicians, game designers, computer programmers, development staff, post-production staff and production managers. It excludes non-production staff.
Productions that are made primarily for release on the internet. Excludes film, television and video productions that have a secondary release on the internet. Where the online production is part of a multi-platform project, it is considered to be a separate production from those released on other platforms (e.g. webisodes related to a television series).
On-set production staff
Staff who primarily work on the set of productions, such as cast and crew. Includes actors and on-screen presenters, extras, stand-ins, stunt performers and on-set support staff etc.
This item is a measure of profit or loss (surplus or deficit) prior to the deduction of income tax and appropriation to owners.
It is derived as:
minus total expenses
plus closing inventories
less opening inventories
equals operating profit before tax.
Operating profit margin
The percentage of sales of goods and services which becomes profit/surplus after all operating expenses have been deducted. It is derived by expressing total operating profit/surplus before tax as a percentage of total sales of goods and services.
Other children's programs
Non-drama television programs made specifically for children under the age of 14. See entry for Drama.
Other labour costs
All staff related costs (including moneys paid directly through the payroll to freelancers without an ABN), excluding wages and salaries. See entry for Labour costs.
Other production and post-production businesses
Film and video production or post-production businesses without income or production expenses in the survey reference period related to drama or documentary productions.
Payments to other businesses/contractors for selected services
Payments made to related and unrelated businesses and self-employed contractors for selected services. This includes payments for the following items defined separately: Film, television and video production services; Post-production, digital and visual effects services for film, television and video; Digital game development services; Web development services.
PC and Mac
Games developed for personal computer formats. Includes massively multi-player online role playing games played on personal computers.
Persons employed on a permanent basis who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
Persons employed on a permanent basis who usually work less than 35 hours per week.
Post-production, digital and visual effects services for film, television and video
Includes computer generated special effects services, animation services and the rental of PDV facilities and/or equipment with crew.
Post-production, digital and visual effects services income
Income earned from the provision of post-production, digital and visual effects (PDV) services to other businesses. These include visual editing, sound editing, duplication, transferring, film laboratory and other PDV services.
Film, video and digital game projects either underway or completed during the survey reference period. Excludes projects that did not progress past the development stage.
Expenses incurred by a business for film, television, video or digital game production during the reference period including amounts that have been capitalised. Includes all production costs, associated with development. pre-production, shoot and post-production costs. Excludes costs associated with projects for which a business provided freelance production or post-production services to another business responsible for undertaking the production.
Staff who spend the majority of their time working on productions. This includes on-set and office-based production staff.
All income received during the reference period from production activity. Includes government funding received for production of film, television and video, investment contributions from the public or private sector, license fees received as financing for a production, sales revenue (including advances and pre-sales), minimum guarantee payments and fees received from agencies or clients for the production of commercials and/or other video. Excludes royalties income or income derived from program format rights and income associated with projects for which the business provided freelance production or post-production services to another business responsible for undertaking the production.
Includes Production income and Royalties income related to film, television and video productions.
Program rights expensed
Program rights purchased via a licence arrangement from the copyright owner, for a specified period and/or number of screenings. Programs that are licensed for a single screening, such as series and game shows, are treated as current expenses.
Production services income
Income earned from the provision of production services to other businesses. Includes executive producers' fees, producers' fees, line production, directors' fees, cinematography, rental of facilities and/or equipment with crew and other production services.
Television broadcasters that operate on a 'not-for-profit' basis and whose main source of income is from government funding.
Comprises purchases of materials, components, containers and packaging materials for manufacture or construction, and purchases of finished goods for resale. Excludes delivery charges separately invoiced or itemised by suppliers and capitalised purchases.
Rent, leasing and hiring expenses
The costs of the rent, leasing (excluding finance leases) and hiring of vehicles, land, buildings, machinery, equipment and any other property from other businesses or individuals. Includes operating lease payments and rental of facilities and/or equipment without crew.
Rent, leasing and hiring income
Income derived from the ownership of land, dwellings, buildings and other structures, motor vehicles, plant, machinery and other equipment. Excludes royalties from mineral leases, income from finance leases and payments received under hire purchase arrangements and rental of facilities and/or equipment with crew.
Rental of facilities and/or equipment with crew (income)
Income received from other businesses for renting facilities or equipment that come with crew. Excludes the income from renting facilities or equipment without crew.
Payments made for the use of rights or intellectual property of another business or individual. Includes payments under licensing arrangements, payments for the use of patents and copyrights, including music and literary rights and payments for the use of program format rights. Excludes program rights expensed and expensed computer software license fees.
Income earned by a business for the use of rights or intellectual property that it owns, including feature films, television programs and digital games. This includes payments under licensing arrangements, payments for the use of patents and copyrights and income derived from program format rights. It excludes licence fees received as financing for a production, which are considered to be production income.
Directors of incorporated businesses are directors who received a wage or salary during the reference period. Salaried directors are considered to be employees of the business.
Selected broadcasting expenses
Selected broadcasting related expenses including broadcasting licence fees, affiliation fees, payments to other businesses for the provision of television channels and commissions paid to advertising agencies or brokers for the sale of airtime.
Films that are shorter than 60 minutes in length, excluding documentaries and telemovies. Includes short features, defined as 45-55 minutes in length.
The process of arranging a film's soundtrack to decide its final order and content. During this process pre-recorded sound can also be manipulated or changed so as to be more suitable for the final product.
Live or delayed first release broadcast for competitive sport, and programs such as sporting previews, summaries, and talk in which replays of events are incidental. Excludes sports news bulletins (see entry for News and current affairs).
Subscription broadcasters and channel providers
Commercial television broadcasters operating on a profit-making basis and receiving the majority of their income from subscription fees, and businesses primarily engaged in providing subscription television broadcasters with access to a channel or set of channels containing pre-packaged programs ready for broadcasting. Some of these businesses are also involved in producing television content.
Fees paid by viewers to subscription television broadcasters for access to a set of channels. Includes subscriber revenue from the provision of subscription television channels.
Documentaries made specifically for television. See entry for Documentaries.
Productions made primarily for broadcast on television.
The sum of all income components.
The sum of all expense components. Excludes capitalised expenses.
The process of cutting and arranging a film to decide its final order, content and presentation. Includes animation, visual effects, subtitling and other types of visual editing.
The process of adding visual effects to a production.
Wages and salaries
The gross wages and salaries (excluding capitalised wages and salaries) of all employees of the business. The item includes severance, termination and redundancy payments, salaries and fees of directors and executives, retainers and commissions of persons who received a retainer, bonuses, and annual and other types of leave. Provision expenses for employee entitlements (e.g. provisions for annual leave and leave bonus, long service leave, sick leave, and severance, termination and redundancy payments) are also included, as are salary sacrificed earnings and remuneration of employees in the form of share based payments and stock options. Payments related to self-employed persons such as consultants, contractors and persons paid solely by commission without a retainer are excluded. The drawings of working proprietors and partners are also excluded.
Web development services
Includes adapting or enhancing of video content for mobile or web platforms and development of complementary online media (e.g. web apps, social media integration etc.). It excludes development or maintenance of a business's corporate website and online game development services.
Episodic content created for online consumption that forms part of a web series or a television series. Includes episodic content created specifically for mobile consumption (mobisodes).
Working proprietors and partners
A working proprietor of an unincorporated business operates his or her own business (sole proprietorship) while a partner, along with one or more other partners, operates a partnership.
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