8112.0 - Research and Experimental Development, All Sector Summary, Australia, 2006-07  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 21/10/2008   
   Page tools: Print Print Page Print all pages in this productPrint All RSS Feed RSS Bookmark and Share Search this Product

1 Expenditure on R&D, by sector - by industry(a) - 2006-07(b)

Government
BUSINESS
Commonwealth
State/territory
Total
HIGHER EDUCATION
PRIVATE NON-PROFIT
TOTAL
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000

Agriculture, forestry & fishing
117 611
-
-
-
-
-
117 611
Mining
2 540 723
-
-
-
-
-
2 540 723
Manufacturing
3 780 244
229
-
229
-
-
3 780 473
Electricity, gas, water & waste services
147 768
-
101
101
-
-
147 869
Construction
399 765
-
170
170
-
-
399 935
Wholesale trade
822 184
-
-
-
-
-
822 184
Retail trade
73 488
-
-
-
-
-
73 488
Accommodation & food services
np
-
-
-
-
-
np
Transport, postal & warehousing
117 350
-
-
-
-
-
117 350
Information media & telecommunications
787 311
1 281
72
1 353
-
-
788 664
Financial & insurance services
1 002 507
-
-
-
-
-
1 002 507
Rental, hiring & real estate services
34 822
-
-
-
-
-
34 822
Professional, scientific & technical services
2 012 209
1 324 084
147 749
1 471 833
-
541 587
4 025 629
Administrative & support services
70 301
2 530
-
2 530
-
-
72 831
Public administration & safety
np
561 994
571 078
1 133 072
-
-
np
Education & training
7 780
186
4 452
4 638
5 404 372
np
np
Health care & social assistance
41 054
1 017
293 532
294 549
-
50 219
385 822
Arts & recreation services
16 654
2 111
40 495
42 606
-
np
np
Other services
44 687
-
3 001
3 001
-
13 432
61 120
Total expenditure on R&D
12 035 515
1 893 432
1 060 650
2 954 082
5 404 372
606 337
21 000 306

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
np not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated
(a) Based on the 2006 edition of the Australian and New Zealand Industrial Classification (ANZSIC06).
(b) ANZSIC06 data are not available for the 2004-05 reference period.

2 Expenditure on R&D, by sector - by industry(a): proportions - 2006-07(b)

Government
BUSINESS
Commonwealth
State/territory
Total
HIGHER EDUCATION
PRIVATE NON-PROFIT
TOTAL
%
%
%
%
%
%
%

Agriculture, forestry & fishing
1.0
-
-
-
-
-
0.6
Mining
21.1
-
-
-
-
-
12.1
Manufacturing
31.4
-
-
-
-
-
18.0
Electricity, gas, water & waste services
1.2
-
-
-
-
-
0.7
Construction
3.3
-
-
-
-
-
1.9
Wholesale trade
6.8
-
-
-
-
-
3.9
Retail trade
0.6
-
-
-
-
-
0.3
Accommodation & food services
np
-
-
-
-
-
np
Transport, postal & warehousing
1.0
-
-
-
-
-
0.6
Information media & telecommunications
6.5
0.1
-
-
-
-
3.8
Financial & insurance services
8.3
-
-
-
-
-
4.8
Rental, hiring & real estate services
0.3
-
-
-
-
-
0.2
Professional, scientific & technical services
16.7
69.9
13.9
49.8
-
89.3
19.2
Administrative & support services
0.6
0.1
-
0.1
-
-
0.3
Public administration & safety
np
29.7
53.8
38.4
-
-
np
Education & training
0.1
-
0.4
0.2
100.0
np
np
Health care & social assistance
0.3
0.1
27.7
10.0
-
8.3
1.8
Arts & recreation services
0.1
0.1
3.8
1.4
-
np
np
Other services
0.4
-
0.3
0.1
-
2.2
0.3
Total expenditure on R&D
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
np not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated
(a) Based on the 2006 edition of the Australian and New Zealand Industrial Classification (ANZSIC06).
(b) ANZSIC06 data are not available for the 2004-05 reference period.

3 Expenditure on R&D, by sector - by type of expenditure

Government
BUSINESS
Commonwealth
State/territory
Total
HIGHER EDUCATION
PRIVATE NON-PROFIT
TOTAL
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000

2006-07(a)

Capital expenditure
Land, buildings & other structures
106 151
59 970
63 323
123 293
171 461
30 699
431 603
Other capital expenditure
685 542
123 700
38 586
162 286
187 801
43 420
1 079 049
Total
791 693
183 670
101 909
285 579
359 262
74 119
1 510 653
Current expenditure
Labour costs
4 224 939
1 015 273
538 322
1 553 595
2 132 155
308 724
8 219 414
Other current expenditure
7 018 883
694 489
420 419
1 114 908
2 912 955
223 494
11 270 240
Total
11 243 822
1 709 762
958 741
2 668 503
5 045 110
532 218
19 489 654
Total expenditure on R&D
12 035 515
1 893 432
1 060 650
2 954 082
5 404 372
606 337
21 000 306

2004-05(b)

Capital expenditure
Land, buildings & other structures
99 724
43 914
27 483
71 397
89 925
9 783
270 829
Other capital expenditure
451 178
64 614
28 075
92 689
182 870
28 295
755 033
Total
550 902
108 528
55 558
164 086
272 795
38 078
1 025 862
Current expenditure
Labour costs
3 441 573
919 601
524 006
1 443 607
1 801 683
238 550
6 925 413
Other current expenditure
4 683 981
516 142
362 191
878 333
2 252 684
202 233
8 017 230
Total
8 125 554
1 435 743
886 197
2 321 940
4 054 366
440 783
14 942 643
Total expenditure on R&D
8 676 456
1 544 271
941 755
2 486 026
4 327 162
478 861
15 968 505

(a) Changes to the Business survey scope were implemented since the 2004-05 reference period and may impact comparability of previous data.
(b) 2004-05 data have been revised. See the Revisions section of the Technical Note for details.

4 Expenditure on R&D, by sector - by type of expenditure: proportions

Government
BUSINESS
Commonwealth
State/territory
Total
HIGHER EDUCATION
PRIVATE NON-PROFIT
TOTAL
%
%
%
%
%
%
%

2006-07(a)

Capital expenditure
Land, buildings and other structures
0.9
3.2
6.0
4.2
3.2
5.1
2.1
Other capital expenditure
5.7
6.5
3.6
5.5
3.5
7.2
5.1
Total
6.6
9.7
9.6
9.7
6.6
12.2
7.2
Current expenditure
Labour costs
35.1
53.6
50.8
52.6
39.5
50.9
39.1
Other current expenditure
58.3
36.7
39.6
37.7
53.9
36.9
53.7
Total
93.4
90.3
90.4
90.3
93.4
87.8
92.8
Total expenditure on R&D
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

2004-05(b)

Capital expenditure
Land, buildings and other structures
1.1
2.8
2.9
2.9
2.1
2.0
1.7
Other capital expenditure
5.2
4.2
3.0
3.7
4.2
5.9
4.7
Total
6.3
7.0
5.9
6.6
6.3
8.0
6.4
Current expenditure
Labour costs
39.7
59.5
55.6
58.1
41.6
49.8
43.4
Other current expenditure
54.0
33.4
38.5
35.3
52.1
42.2
50.2
Total
93.7
93.0
94.1
93.4
93.7
92.0
93.6
Total expenditure on R&D
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

(a) Changes to the Business survey scope were implemented since the 2004-05 reference period and may impact comparability of previous data.
(b) 2004-05 data have been revised. See the Revisions section of the Technical Note for details.

5 Expenditure on R&D, by sector - by source of funds

Government
BUSINESS
Commonwealth
State/territory
Total
HIGHER EDUCATION
PRIVATE NON-PROFIT
TOTAL
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000

2006-07(a)

Source of funds
Business
11 223 308
105 863
59 322
165 185
327 597
29 453
11 745 543
Commonwealth government(b)
421 174
1 632 175
122 760
1 754 935
4 593 995
187 034
6 957 138
State & local government
74 853
47 875
668 001
715 876
199 084
79 282
1 069 095
Other Australian
48 083
71 058
190 070
261 128
126 991
247 362
683 563
Overseas
268 097
36 461
20 497
56 958
156 706
63 206
544 967
Total expenditure on R&D
12 035 515
1 893 432
1 060 650
2 954 082
5 404 372
606 337
21 000 306

2004-05(c)

Source of funds
Business
8 047 099
79 677
59 323
139 000
243 946
40 567
8 470 612
Commonwealth government(b)
335 453
1 288 747
105 146
1 393 893
3 724 369
137 749
5 591 464
State & local government
30 445
55 816
558 659
614 475
148 374
46 182
839 476
Other Australian
57 992
82 674
192 893
275 567
82 421
193 109
609 089
Overseas
205 466
37 357
25 734
63 091
128 053
61 254
457 864
Total expenditure on R&D
8 676 456
1 544 271
941 755
2 486 026
4 327 162
478 861
15 968 505

(a) Changes to the Business survey scope were implemented since the 2004-05 reference period and may impact comparability of previous data.
(b) For the Higher education sector, this includes General university funds which are mainly sourced from the Commonwealth government.
(c) 2004-05 data have been revised. See the Revisions section of the Technical Note for details.

6 Expenditure on R&D, by sector - by source of funds: proportions

Government
BUSINESS
Commonwealth
State/territory
Total
HIGHER EDUCATION
PRIVATE NON-PROFIT
TOTAL
%
%
%
%
%
%
%

2006-07(a)

Source of funds
Business
93.3
5.6
5.6
5.6
6.1
4.9
55.9
Commonwealth government(b)
3.5
86.2
11.6
59.4
85.0
30.8
33.1
State & local government
0.6
2.5
63.0
24.2
3.7
13.1
5.1
Other Australian
0.4
3.8
17.9
8.8
2.3
40.8
3.3
Overseas
2.2
1.9
1.9
1.9
2.9
10.4
2.6
Total expenditure on R&D
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

2004-05(c)

Source of funds
Business
92.7
5.2
6.3
5.6
5.6
8.5
53.0
Commonwealth government(b)
3.9
83.5
11.2
56.1
86.1
28.8
35.0
State & local government
0.4
3.6
59.3
24.7
3.4
9.6
5.3
Other Australian
0.7
5.4
20.5
11.1
1.9
40.3
3.8
Overseas
2.4
2.4
2.7
2.5
3.0
12.8
2.9
Total expenditure on R&D
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

(a) Changes to the Business survey scope were implemented since the 2004-05 reference period and may impact comparability of previous data.
(b) For the Higher education sector, this includes General university funds which are mainly sourced from the Commonwealth government.
(c) 2004-05 data have been revised. See the Revisions section of the Technical Note for details.

7 Expenditure on R&D, by sector - by location(a)

Government
BUSINESS
Commonwealth
State/territory
Total
HIGHER EDUCATION
PRIVATE NON-PROFIT
TOTAL
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000

2006-07(b)

New South Wales
3 812 707
357 476
316 772
674 248
1 538 737
196 153
6 221 845
Victoria
3 321 622
504 775
218 605
723 381
1 404 617
329 988
5 779 607
Queensland
1 639 889
188 319
221 547
409 866
919 294
32 627
3 001 676
South Australia
834 419
282 342
141 500
423 841
395 085
3 131
1 656 476
Western Australia
1 934 035
97 595
126 174
223 769
544 816
34 487
2 737 107
Tasmania
102 234
136 730
9 842
146 572
101 372
np
np
Northern Territory
108 616
18 360
20 033
38 393
41 873
np
np
Australian Capital Territory
94 178
306 654
3 653
310 307
458 578
np
np
Australian External Territories(c)
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
Overseas
187 815
1 181
2 525
3 706
-
5 891
197 412
Total expenditure on R&D
12 035 515
1 893 432
1 060 650
2 954 082
5 404 372
606 337
21 000 306

2004-05(d)

New South Wales
3 235 611
257 842
285 195
543 037
1 225 522
155 072
5 159 242
Victoria
2 418 126
404 402
190 955
595 357
1 062 312
271 987
4 347 782
Queensland
1 073 255
152 136
234 938
387 074
715 574
13 052
2 188 954
South Australia
542 508
243 268
104 552
347 821
325 383
2 146
1 217 858
Western Australia
1 089 096
83 717
100 974
184 691
441 761
28 449
1 743 996
Tasmania
78 746
115 428
3 564
118 992
83 673
199
281 610
Northern Territory
40 715
20 159
14 708
34 867
33 022
np
np
Australian Capital Territory
77 503
263 679
2 851
266 530
439 915
3 199
787 148
Australian External Territories(c)
-
40
-
40
-
-
40
Overseas
120 897
3 599
4 018
7 616
-
np
np
Total expenditure on R&D
8 676 456
1 544 271
941 755
2 486 026
4 327 162
478 861
15 968 505

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
np not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated
(a) See Explanatory Note 9 for details.
(b) Changes to the Business survey scope were implemented since the 2004-05 reference period and may impact comparability of previous data.
(c) Not separately collected from 2006-07. From 2006-07, data are included with the relevant mainland location.
(d) 2004-05 data have been revised. See the Revisions section of the Technical Note for details.

8 Expenditure on R&D, by sector - by location(a): proportions

Government
BUSINESS
Commonwealth
State/territory
Total
HIGHER EDUCATION
PRIVATE NON-PROFIT
TOTAL
%
%
%
%
%
%
%

2006-07(b)

New South Wales
31.7
18.9
29.9
22.8
28.5
32.4
29.6
Victoria
27.6
26.7
20.6
24.5
26.0
54.4
27.5
Queensland
13.6
9.9
20.9
13.9
17.0
5.4
14.3
South Australia
6.9
14.9
13.3
14.3
7.3
0.5
7.9
Western Australia
16.1
5.2
11.9
7.6
10.1
5.7
13.0
Tasmania
0.8
7.2
0.9
5.0
1.9
np
np
Northern Territory
0.9
1.0
1.9
1.3
0.8
np
np
Australian Capital Territory
0.8
16.2
0.3
10.5
8.5
np
np
Australian External Territories(c)
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
Overseas
1.6
0.1
0.2
0.1
-
1.0
0.9
Total expenditure on R&D
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

2004-05(d)

New South Wales
37.3
16.7
30.3
21.8
28.3
32.4
32.3
Victoria
27.9
26.2
20.3
23.9
24.5
56.8
27.2
Queensland
12.4
9.9
24.9
15.6
16.5
2.7
13.7
South Australia
6.3
15.8
11.1
14.0
7.5
0.4
7.6
Western Australia
12.6
5.4
10.7
7.4
10.2
5.9
10.9
Tasmania
0.9
7.5
0.4
4.8
1.9
-
1.8
Northern Territory
0.5
1.3
1.6
1.4
0.8
np
np
Australian Capital Territory
0.9
17.1
0.3
10.7
10.2
0.7
4.9
Australian External Territories(c)
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
Overseas
1.4
0.2
0.4
0.3
-
np
np
Total expenditure on R&D
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
np not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated
(a) See Explanatory Note 9 for details.
(b) Changes to the Business survey scope were implemented since the 2004-05 reference period and may impact comparability of previous data.
(c) Not separately collected from 2006-07. From 2006-07, data are included with the relevant mainland location.
(d) 2004-05 data have been revised. See the Revisions section of the Technical Note for details.

9 Expenditure on R&D, by sector - by type of activity

Government
BUSINESS
Commonwealth
State/territory
Total
HIGHER EDUCATION
PRIVATE NON-PROFIT
TOTAL
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000

2006-07(a)

Pure basic research
73 615
86 453
69 177
155 630
1 479 228
62 878
1 771 351
Strategic basic research
662 317
598 836
225 879
824 716
1 201 452
248 754
2 937 238
Applied research
3 932 934
1 042 084
633 868
1 675 952
2 337 550
230 286
8 176 723
Experimental development
7 366 649
166 059
131 726
297 785
386 144
64 419
8 114 996
Total expenditure on R&D
12 035 515
1 893 432
1 060 650
2 954 082
5 404 372
606 337
21 000 306

2004-05(b)

Pure basic research
58 933
60 584
52 523
113 107
1 223 984
46 570
1 442 595
Strategic basic research
319 525
486 639
186 543
673 182
991 189
186 331
2 170 227
Applied research
2 828 320
831 177
580 215
1 411 393
1 781 029
189 691
6 210 433
Experimental development
5 469 678
165 871
122 473
288 344
330 959
56 269
6 145 251
Total expenditure on R&D
8 676 456
1 544 271
941 755
2 486 026
4 327 162
478 861
15 968 505

(a) Changes to the Business survey scope were implemented since the 2004-05 reference period and may impact comparability of previous data.
(b) 2004-05 data have been revised. See the Revisions section of the Technical Note for details.

10 Expenditure on R&D, by sector - by type of activity: proportions

Government
BUSINESS
Commonwealth
State/territory
Total
HIGHER EDUCATION
PRIVATE NON-PROFIT
TOTAL
%
%
%
%
%
%
%

2006-07(a)

Pure basic research
0.6
4.6
6.5
5.3
27.4
10.4
8.4
Strategic basic research
5.5
31.6
21.3
27.9
22.2
41.0
14.0
Applied research
32.7
55.0
59.8
56.7
43.3
38.0
38.9
Experimental development
61.2
8.8
12.4
10.1
7.1
10.6
38.6
Total expenditure on R&D
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

2004-05(b)

Pure basic research
0.7
3.9
5.6
4.5
28.3
9.7
9.0
Strategic basic research
3.7
31.5
19.8
27.1
22.9
38.9
13.6
Applied research
32.6
53.8
61.6
56.8
41.2
39.6
38.9
Experimental development
63.0
10.7
13.0
11.6
7.6
11.8
38.5
Total expenditure on R&D
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

(a) Changes to the Business survey scope were implemented since the 2004-05 reference period and may impact comparability of previous data.
(b) 2004-05 data have been revised. See the Revisions section of the Technical Note for details.

11 Expenditure on R&D, by sector - by research field

Government
BUSINESS
Commonwealth
State/territory
Total
HIGHER EDUCATION
PRIVATE NON-PROFIT
TOTAL
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000

2006-07(a)

Mathematical sciences
47 658
33 811
8 689
42 501
124 191
443
214 793
Physical sciences
45 656
164 315
1 234
165 549
206 992
99
418 296
Chemical sciences
247 206
130 136
10 869
141 005
246 707
np
np
Earth sciences
170 143
180 883
21 096
201 978
151 824
-
523 945
Biological sciences
193 069
186 655
158 644
345 299
560 868
97 695
1 196 930
Information, computing & comm. sciences
3 165 927
180 029
31 553
211 582
238 637
929
3 617 075
Engineering & technology
6 865 394
481 824
11 619
493 443
594 271
1 866
7 954 974
Agricultural, veterinary & environ. sciences
428 309
349 199
500 684
849 883
381 282
2 230
1 661 704
Architecture, urban environment & building
45 213
5 772
1 642
7 414
39 466
-
92 093
Medical & health sciences
762 215
92 659
286 956
379 614
1 454 670
457 888
3 054 387
Education
11 404
2 644
4 284
6 928
182 862
np
np
Economics
11 360
34 295
5 894
40 189
134 756
255
186 559
Commerce, management, tourism & services
32 594
1 768
4 290
6 058
240 761
219
279 633
Policy & political science
np
783
598
1 381
82 501
1 584
np
Studies in human society
951
19 653
4 364
24 017
172 561
2 087
199 616
Behavioural & cognitive sciences
1 447
11 742
486
12 228
174 210
3 353
191 238
Law, justice & law enforcement
2 150
11 827
3 854
15 681
92 626
np
np
Journalism, librarianship & curatorial studies
np
948
-
948
28 339
-
np
The arts
3 952
489
1 570
2 059
85 193
np
np
Language & culture
np
66
231
296
89 133
np
89 505
History & archaeology
np
2 098
2 093
4 191
84 487
-
np
Philosophy & religion
-
1 839
-
1 839
38 034
206
40 079
Total expenditure on R&D
12 035 515
1 893 432
1 060 650
2 954 082
5 404 372
606 337
21 000 306

2004-05(b)

Mathematical sciences
14 002
28 769
9 301
38 070
91 205
np
np
Physical sciences
39 405
127 307
231
127 537
152 472
-
319 414
Chemical sciences
207 403
98 685
13 305
111 991
189 929
np
np
Earth sciences
126 403
153 614
22 695
176 309
128 772
np
np
Biological sciences
183 794
166 541
129 847
296 387
455 440
92 230
1 027 852
Information, computing & comm. sciences
2 283 430
131 409
11 070
142 479
207 664
1 730
2 635 302
Engineering & technology
4 974 790
400 228
16 408
416 636
480 543
np
np
Agricultural, veterinary & environ. sciences
244 290
293 620
480 118
773 738
292 428
np
np
Architecture, urban environment & building
22 648
2 693
1 816
4 509
32 997
-
60 154
Medical & health sciences
536 604
62 004
225 734
287 738
1 092 512
346 063
2 262 917
Education
6 785
865
3 598
4 463
152 039
np
np
Economics
5 915
37 045
10 401
47 446
104 712
np
np
Commerce, management, tourism & services
23 415
3 600
2 948
6 548
195 048
103
225 113
Policy & political science
np
103
425
528
77 873
np
79 238
Studies in human society
823
15 108
5 077
20 185
145 786
2 096
168 890
Behavioural & cognitive sciences
862
7 422
1 132
8 553
151 518
1 516
162 449
Law, justice & law enforcement
np
11 743
6 038
17 782
85 675
-
np
Journalism, librarianship & curatorial studies
np
1 047
559
1 606
17 769
-
np
The arts
5 190
185
559
744
88 982
-
94 916
Language & culture
41
291
-
291
83 894
-
84 227
History & archaeology
np
959
494
1 453
69 298
22
np
Philosophy & religion
np
1 032
-
1 032
30 608
240
np
Total expenditure on R&D
8 676 456
1 544 271
941 755
2 486 026
4 327 162
478 861
15 968 505

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
np not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated
(a) Changes to the Business survey scope were implemented since the 2004-05 reference period and may impact comparability of previous data.
(b) 2004-05 data have been revised. See the Revisions section of the Technical Note for details.

12 Expenditure on R&D, by sector - by research field: proportions

Government
BUSINESS
Commonwealth
State/territory
Total
HIGHER EDUCATION
PRIVATE NON-PROFIT
TOTAL
%
%
%
%
%
%
%

2006-07(a)

Mathematical sciences
0.4
1.8
0.8
1.4
2.3
0.1
1.0
Physical sciences
0.4
8.7
0.1
5.6
3.8
-
2.0
Chemical sciences
2.1
6.9
1.0
4.8
4.6
np
np
Earth sciences
1.4
9.6
2.0
6.8
2.8
-
2.5
Biological sciences
1.6
9.9
15.0
11.7
10.4
16.1
5.7
Information, computing & comm. sciences
26.3
9.5
3.0
7.2
4.4
0.2
17.2
Engineering & technology
57.0
25.4
1.1
16.7
11.0
0.3
37.9
Agricultural, veterinary & environ. sciences
3.6
18.4
47.2
28.8
7.1
0.4
7.9
Architecture, urban environment & building
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.3
0.7
-
0.4
Medical & health sciences
6.3
4.9
27.1
12.9
26.9
75.5
14.5
Education
0.1
0.1
0.4
0.2
3.4
np
np
Economics
0.1
1.8
0.6
1.4
2.5
-
0.9
Commerce, management, tourism & services
0.3
0.1
0.4
0.2
4.5
-
1.3
Policy & political science
np
-
0.1
-
1.5
0.3
np
Studies in human society
-
1.0
0.4
0.8
3.2
0.3
1.0
Behavioural & cognitive sciences
-
0.6
-
0.4
3.2
0.6
0.9
Law, justice & law enforcement
-
0.6
0.4
0.5
1.7
np
np
Journalism, librarianship & curatorial studies
np
0.1
-
-
0.5
-
np
The arts
-
-
0.1
0.1
1.6
np
np
Language & culture
np
-
-
-
1.6
np
0.4
History & archaeology
np
0.1
0.2
0.1
1.6
-
np
Philosophy & religion
-
0.1
-
0.1
0.7
-
0.2
Total expenditure on R&D
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

2004-05(b)

Mathematical sciences
0.2
1.9
1.0
1.5
2.1
np
np
Physical sciences
0.5
8.2
-
5.1
3.5
-
2.0
Chemical sciences
2.4
6.4
1.4
4.5
4.4
np
np
Earth sciences
1.5
9.9
2.4
7.1
3.0
np
np
Biological sciences
2.1
10.8
13.8
11.9
10.5
19.3
6.4
Information, computing & comm. sciences
26.3
8.5
1.2
5.7
4.8
0.4
16.5
Engineering & technology
57.3
25.9
1.7
16.8
11.1
np
np
Agricultural, veterinary & environ. sciences
2.8
19.0
51.0
31.1
6.8
np
np
Architecture, urban environment & building
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.8
-
0.4
Medical & health sciences
6.2
4.0
24.0
11.6
25.2
72.3
14.2
Education
0.1
0.1
0.4
0.2
3.5
np
np
Economics
0.1
2.4
1.1
1.9
2.4
np
np
Commerce, management, tourism & services
0.3
0.2
0.3
0.3
4.5
-
1.4
Policy & political science
np
-
-
-
1.8
np
0.5
Studies in human society
-
1.0
0.5
0.8
3.4
0.4
1.1
Behavioural & cognitive sciences
-
0.5
0.1
0.3
3.5
0.3
1.0
Law, justice & law enforcement
np
0.8
0.6
0.7
2.0
-
np
Journalism, librarianship & curatorial studies
np
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.4
-
np
The arts
0.1
-
0.1
-
2.1
-
0.6
Language & culture
-
-
-
-
1.9
-
0.5
History & archaeology
np
0.1
0.1
0.1
1.6
-
np
Philosophy & religion
np
0.1
-
-
0.7
0.1
np
Total expenditure on R&D
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
np not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated
(a) Changes to the Business survey scope were implemented since the 2004-05 reference period and may impact comparability of previous data.
(b) 2004-05 data have been revised. See the Revisions section of the Technical Note for details.

13 Expenditure on R&D, by sector - by socio-economic objective

Government
BUSINESS
Commonwealth
State/territory
Total
HIGHER EDUCATION
PRIVATE NON-PROFIT
TOTAL
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000

2006-07(a)

Defence
378 951
405 444
-
405 444
40 099
-
824 494
Economic development
Plant prod. & plant primary products
146 444
133 943
237 701
371 644
179 139
-
697 227
Animal prod. & animal primary products
106 896
70 587
201 092
271 679
107 725
-
486 300
Mineral resources (excl. energy)
1 492 906
78 547
6 870
85 417
86 490
-
1 664 813
Energy resources
1 353 874
43 564
2 256
45 821
69 342
-
1 469 037
Energy supply
441 534
40 649
1 407
42 056
50 318
173
534 080
Manufacturing
3 744 805
273 942
10 920
284 862
330 198
6 275
4 366 140
Construction
487 753
29 908
4 012
33 920
80 642
np
np
Transport
174 704
7 506
2 415
9 921
45 187
-
229 812
Information & communication services
1 915 010
121 059
1 773
122 832
249 076
np
np
Commercial services & tourism
1 181 210
8 023
525
8 548
98 900
np
np
Economic framework
31 123
47 851
259
48 110
265 113
np
np
Total
11 076 258
855 579
469 231
1 324 810
1 562 130
6 689
13 969 888
Society
Health
401 977
68 127
355 510
423 637
1 663 046
558 558
3 047 217
Education & training
21 399
8 059
5 427
13 486
245 579
np
np
Social development & community services
39 379
65 101
34 837
99 939
539 993
np
np
Total
462 754
141 288
395 774
537 062
2 448 618
594 944
4 043 378
Environment
Environ. policy frameworks & other aspects
13 101
38 979
23 898
62 877
48 724
3 010
127 711
Environmental management
98 196
385 328
157 749
543 078
358 995
np
np
Total
111 297
424 308
181 647
605 955
407 718
np
np
Non-oriented research
6 255
66 814
13 998
80 812
945 806
np
np
Total expenditure on R&D
12 035 515
1 893 432
1 060 650
2 954 082
5 404 372
606 337
21 000 306

2004-05(b)

Defence
278 020
309 367
-
309 367
29 198
-
616 585
Economic development
Plant prod. & plant primary products
108 243
131 366
206 154
337 520
145 983
np
np
Animal prod. & animal primary products
58 590
100 895
186 855
287 750
87 926
-
434 266
Mineral resources (excl. energy)
851 435
72 194
6 331
78 525
62 670
-
992 630
Energy resources
642 576
38 369
6 526
44 895
41 883
-
729 354
Energy supply
251 725
32 505
2 072
34 577
40 985
-
327 287
Manufacturing
3 259 997
217 025
14 844
231 869
268 062
np
np
Construction
365 076
41 872
4 012
45 884
68 122
-
479 083
Transport
175 285
8 604
4 224
12 828
36 002
-
224 115
Information & communication services
1 238 726
65 681
2 112
67 793
216 600
45
1 523 164
Commercial services & tourism
1 018 704
6 464
1 199
7 663
72 762
np
np
Economic framework
20 284
49 129
3 114
52 243
218 597
86
291 209
Total
7 990 642
764 103
437 445
1 201 548
1 259 591
6 728
10 458 508
Society
Health
281 971
61 265
278 553
339 818
1 208 160
444 439
2 274 387
Education & training
14 224
1 296
3 761
5 056
196 837
np
np
Social development & community services
39 946
41 737
21 612
63 349
466 425
np
np
Total
336 140
104 297
303 926
408 223
1 871 422
469 896
3 085 681
Environment
Environ. policy frameworks & other aspects
8 572
15 126
19 637
34 763
40 171
np
np
Environmental management
57 891
313 681
165 803
479 484
260 623
np
np
Total
66 463
328 806
185 440
514 247
300 795
2 237
883 742
Non-oriented research
5 191
37 697
14 944
52 641
866 156
-
923 989
Total expenditure on R&D
8 676 456
1 544 271
941 755
2 486 026
4 327 162
478 861
15 968 505

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
np not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated
(a) Changes to the Business survey scope were implemented since the 2004-05 reference period and may impact comparability of previous data.
(b) 2004-05 data have been revised. See the Revisions section of the Technical Note for details.

14 Expenditure on R&D, by sector - by socio-economic objective: proportions

Government
BUSINESS
Commonwealth
State/territory
Total
HIGHER EDUCATION
PRIVATE NON-PROFIT
TOTAL
%
%
%
%
%
%
%

2006-07(a)

Defence
3.1
21.4
-
13.7
0.7
-
3.9
Economic development
Plant prod. & plant primary products
1.2
7.1
22.4
12.6
3.3
-
3.3
Animal prod. & animal primary products
0.9
3.7
19.0
9.2
2.0
-
2.3
Mineral resources (excl. energy)
12.4
4.1
0.6
2.9
1.6
-
7.9
Energy resources
11.2
2.3
0.2
1.6
1.3
-
7.0
Energy supply
3.7
2.1
0.1
1.4
0.9
-
2.5
Manufacturing
31.1
14.5
1.0
9.6
6.1
1.0
20.8
Construction
4.1
1.6
0.4
1.1
1.5
np
np
Transport
1.5
0.4
0.2
0.3
0.8
-
1.1
Information & communication services
15.9
6.4
0.2
4.2
4.6
np
np
Commercial services & tourism
9.8
0.4
-
0.3
1.8
np
np
Economic framework
0.3
2.5
-
1.6
4.9
np
np
Total
92.0
45.2
44.2
44.8
28.9
1.1
66.5
Society
Health
3.3
3.6
33.5
14.3
30.8
92.1
14.5
Education & training
0.2
0.4
0.5
0.5
4.5
np
np
Social development & community services
0.3
3.4
3.3
3.4
10.0
np
np
Total
3.8
7.5
37.3
18.2
45.3
98.1
19.3
Environment
Environ. policy frameworks & other aspects
0.1
2.1
2.3
2.1
0.9
0.5
0.6
Environmental management
0.8
20.4
14.9
18.4
6.6
np
np
Total
0.9
22.4
17.1
20.5
7.5
np
np
Non-oriented research
0.1
3.5
1.3
2.7
17.5
np
np
Total expenditure on R&D
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

2004-05(b)

Defence
3.2
20.0
-
12.4
0.7
-
3.9
Economic development
Plant prod. & plant primary products
1.2
8.5
21.9
13.6
3.4
np
np
Animal prod. & animal primary products
0.7
6.5
19.8
11.6
2.0
-
2.7
Mineral resources (excl. energy)
9.8
4.7
0.7
3.2
1.4
-
6.2
Energy resources
7.4
2.5
0.7
1.8
1.0
-
4.6
Energy supply
2.9
2.1
0.2
1.4
0.9
-
2.0
Manufacturing
37.6
14.1
1.6
9.3
6.2
np
np
Construction
4.2
2.7
0.4
1.8
1.6
-
3.0
Transport
2.0
0.6
0.4
0.5
0.8
-
1.4
Information & communication services
14.3
4.3
0.2
2.7
5.0
-
9.5
Commercial services & tourism
11.7
0.4
0.1
0.3
1.7
np
np
Economic framework
0.2
3.2
0.3
2.1
5.1
-
1.8
Total
92.1
49.5
46.4
48.3
29.1
1.4
65.5
Society
Health
3.2
4.0
29.6
13.7
27.9
92.8
14.2
Education & training
0.2
0.1
0.4
0.2
4.5
np
np
Social development & community services
0.5
2.7
2.3
2.5
10.8
np
np
Total
3.9
6.8
32.3
16.4
43.2
98.1
19.3
Environment
Environ. policy frameworks & other aspects
0.1
1.0
2.1
1.4
0.9
np
np
Environmental management
0.7
20.3
17.6
19.3
6.0
np
np
Total
0.8
21.3
19.7
20.7
7.0
0.5
5.5
Non-oriented research
0.1
2.4
1.6
2.1
20.0
-
5.8
Total expenditure on R&D
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
np not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated
(a) Changes to the Business survey scope were implemented since the 2004-05 reference period and may impact comparability of previous data.
(b) 2004-05 data have been revised. See the Revisions section of the Technical Note for details.

15 Human resources devoted to R&D, by sector - by industry(a) - 2006-07(b)

GOVERNMENT
BUSINESS
Commonwealth
State/territory
Total
HIGHER EDUCATION
PRIVATE NON-PROFIT
TOTAL
PYE
PYE
PYE
PYE
PYE
PYE
PYE

Agriculture, forestry & fishing
611
-
-
-
-
-
611
Mining
2 861
-
-
-
-
-
2 861
Manufacturing
17 765
3
-
3
-
-
17 768
Electricity, gas, water & waste services
523
-
-
-
-
-
523
Construction
970
-
1
1
-
-
971
Wholesale trade
3 524
-
-
-
-
-
3 524
Retail trade
490
-
-
-
-
-
490
Accommodation & food services
np
-
-
-
-
-
np
Transport, postal & warehousing
500
-
-
-
-
-
500
Information media & telecommunications
1 819
6
-
6
-
-
1 825
Financial & insurance services
2 462
-
-
-
-
-
2 462
Rental, hiring & real estate services
171
-
-
-
-
-
171
Professional, scientific & technical services
13 144
6 174
911
7 086
-
3 924
24 153
Administrative & support services
379
16
-
16
-
-
395
Public administration & safety
np
2 885
3 874
6 759
-
-
np
Education & training
106
2
20
22
58 810
np
np
Health care & social assistance
272
-
2 160
2 161
-
545
2 977
Arts & recreation services
78
24
233
257
-
np
np
Other services
272
-
28
28
-
112
412
Total human resources devoted to R&D
46 027
9 110
7 228
16 338
58 810
4 596
125 771

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
np not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated
(a) Based on the 2006 edition of the Australian and New Zealand Industrial Classification (ANZSIC06).
(b) ANZSIC06 data are not available for the 2004-05 reference period.

16 Human resources devoted to R&D, by sector - by industry(a): proportions - 2006-07(b)

Government
BUSINESS
Commonwealth
State/territory
Total
HIGHER EDUCATION
PRIVATE NON-PROFIT
TOTAL
%
%
%
%
%
%
%

Agriculture, forestry & fishing
1.3
-
-
-
-
-
0.5
Mining
6.2
-
-
-
-
-
2.3
Manufacturing
38.6
-
-
-
-
-
14.1
Electricity, gas, water & waste services
1.1
-
-
-
-
-
0.4
Construction
2.1
-
-
-
-
-
0.8
Wholesale trade
7.7
-
-
-
-
-
2.8
Retail trade
1.1
-
-
-
-
-
0.4
Accommodation & food services
np
-
-
-
-
-
np
Transport, postal & warehousing
1.1
-
-
-
-
-
0.4
Information media & telecommunications
4.0
0.1
-
-
-
-
1.5
Financial & insurance services
5.3
-
-
-
-
-
2.0
Rental, hiring & real estate services
0.4
-
-
-
-
-
0.1
Professional, scientific & technical services
28.6
67.8
12.6
43.4
-
85.4
19.2
Administrative & support services
0.8
0.2
-
0.1
-
-
0.3
Public administration & safety
np
31.7
53.6
41.4
-
-
np
Education & training
0.2
-
0.3
0.1
100.0
np
np
Health care & social assistance
0.6
-
29.9
13.2
-
11.9
2.4
Arts & recreation services
0.2
0.3
3.2
1.6
-
np
np
Other services
0.6
-
0.4
0.2
-
2.4
0.3
Total human resources devoted to R&D
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
np not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated
(a) Based on the 2006 edition of the Australian and New Zealand Industrial Classification (ANZSIC06).
(b) ANZSIC06 data are not available for the 2004-05 reference period.

17 Human resources devoted to R&D, by sector - by type of resource

Government
BUSINESS
Commonwealth
State/territory
Total
HIGHER EDUCATION
PRIVATE NON-PROFIT
TOTAL
PYE
PYE
PYE
PYE
PYE
PYE
PYE

2006-07(a)

Researchers(b)
24 849
4 550
3 938
8 487
50 933
3 000
87 269
Technicians(c)
14 575
2 742
2 206
4 947
-
957
20 479
Other staff
6 603
1 819
1 085
2 904
7 877
639
18 022
Total human resources devoted to R&D
46 027
9 110
7 228
16 338
58 810
4 596
125 771

2004-05(d)

Researchers(b)
22 773
4 262
4 173
8 435
47 417
2 567
81 191
Technicians(c)
11 871
2 792
2 176
4 968
-
762
17 600
Other staff
5 814
2 314
970
3 285
7 787
516
17 402
Total human resources devoted to R&D
40 458
9 368
7 320
16 687
55 204
3 845
116 194

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
(a) Changes to the Business survey scope were implemented since the 2004-05 reference period and may impact comparability of previous data.
(b) For the Higher education sector, Researchers include Academics and Postgraduate students.
(c) For the Higher education sector, Technicians are not separately identified and are included in Other staff.
(d) 2004-05 data have been revised. See the Revisions section of the Technical Note for details.

18 Human resources devoted to R&D, by sector - by type of resource: proportions

Government
BUSINESS
Commonwealth
State/territory
Total
HIGHER EDUCATION
PRIVATE NON-PROFIT
TOTAL
%
%
%
%
%
%
%

2006-07(a)

Researchers(b)
54.0
49.9
54.5
51.9
86.6
65.3
69.4
Technicians(c)
31.7
30.1
30.5
30.3
-
20.8
16.3
Other staff
14.3
20.0
15.0
17.8
13.4
13.9
14.3
Total human resources devoted to R&D
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

2004-05(d)

Researchers(b)
56.3
45.5
57.0
50.5
85.9
66.8
69.9
Technicians(c)
29.3
29.8
29.7
29.8
-
19.8
15.1
Other staff
14.4
24.7
13.3
19.7
14.1
13.4
15.0
Total human resources devoted to R&D
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
(a) Changes to the Business survey scope were implemented since the 2004-05 reference period and may impact comparability of previous data.
(b) For the Higher education sector, Researchers include Academics and Postgraduate students.
(c) For the Higher education sector, Technicians are not separately identified and are included in Other staff.
(d) 2004-05 data have been revised. See the Revisions section of the Technical Note for details.