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WHAT'S NEW IN THE LABOUR FORCE
Having an interview with an employer is a logical step in the process of getting a job, and given that it may take some time for people to be offered a job after applying (during which time they may attend an interview), including this as an active job search step means that people who are in the process of being considered for a job will not necessarily change from being classified as unemployed to not in the labour force if there are time lags between applying for, being interviewed for and being offered a job.
The previous suite of job search steps did not consider steps taken to start or purchase a business as an active job search step. Activities such as applying for an Australian Business Number or licences, or seeking finance to establish or purchase a business, or obtaining premises or equipment, are considered job search activities for people who are looking to be 'self-employed', i.e. working in their own business. The recognition of these as active job search steps was agreed to at the 19th International Conference of Labour Statisticians, in October 2013, where the standards for work, employment and labour underutilisation were revised.
In addition, two steps which are currently 'active' steps will no longer be considered sufficient for the respondent to be classified as actively looking for work. These are 'checked notice boards' and 'been registered with Centrelink as a jobseeker'.
Currently, the step 'looking in newspapers or on the internet' is not an active job search step, as without taking further steps (such as responding to an advertisement or applying to an employer for a job) a prospective employer would not be made aware that the person was looking for work. Checking notice boards is not conceptually different from checking in newspapers or on the internet, so should be treated in the same way (as not an active job search step), and will be rolled into the current response 'looking in newspapers or on the internet'.
The role of Centrelink in relation to job seekers has changed over time. The core function of Centrelink in relation to job seekers is in the administration of income support, rather than directly supporting job search activities. While registering with Centrelink as a job seeker is a necessary step in order to receive government income support, it is not a step relating to actual job search. Job seekers would need to take active job search steps, in order to be considered actively looking for work.
LIKELY IMPACT ON ESTIMATES OF UNEMPLOYMENT
The changes will have no impact on the estimate of persons employed, but may result in some movement between the unemployed and not in the labour force populations.
As accurately measuring any impact is expensive and complex, the ABS will not introduce special collection arrangements to measure the changes to the LFS questionnaire as the net impact of the two sets of changes is not expected to be statistically significant.
It is anticipated that the inclusion of the two new 'active' job search steps (attending an interview and steps to buy or establish a business) would slightly increase the number of people counted as unemployed (who may be considered not in the labour force under the current questionnaire depending on the respondents' other job search activities).
It is anticipated that the changes from active to passive job search (for checking notice boards and registering with Centrelink as a job seeker) will slightly decrease the number of people classified as unemployed. While these categories are included in the current LFS questionnaire, it is not possible to use the LFS data to accurately estimate the impact of this change, as once an active job search step is identified no further job search steps are asked.
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