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Level 1 - No planned emergency service
Level 2 - Emergency service in small hospital. Designated assessment and treatment area. Visiting medical officer on call.
Level 3 - As Level 2 plus designated nursing staff available 24 hours. Has 24 hour access to medical officer(s) on site or available within 10 minutes. Specialists in general surgery, anaesthetics, paediatrics and medicine available for consultation. Full resuscitation facilities in separate area.
Level 4 - As Level 3 plus can manage most emergencies. Purpose designed area. Full-time director. Experienced medical officer(s) and nursing staff on site 24 hours. Specialists in general surgery, paediatrics, orthopaedics, anaesthetics and medicine on call 24 hours.
Level 5 - As Level 4 plus can manage all emergencies and provide definitive care for most. Has undergraduate teaching and undertake research. Has designated registrar. May have neurosurgery service.
Level 6 - As Level 5 plus has neurosurgery and cardiothoracic surgery on site. Sub-specialists available on rosters. Has registrar on site 24 hours.
Factors influencing health status and contact with health service
These factors relate to occasions when circumstances other than a disease, injury or external cause are recorded as "diagnoses" or "problems". This can arise in two main ways:
For profit/not for profit sector
'Not for profit' hospitals are those which qualify as a non-profit organisation with either the Australian Taxation Office (ATO) or the Australian Securities and Investments Commission. These are further categorised as 'Religious or charitable' and 'Other' (comprising bush nursing, community and memorial hospitals). All other hospitals are classed as 'For profit'.
The list of units available for selection in a census or sample survey. In this case, all licensed private hospitals operating during the reference period comprise the frame. This list is supplied by the State and Territory Health Authorities (SHAs) and the Private Health Insurance branch of the Department of Health and Aging (DoHA).
Free-standing day hospital facilities
These provide investigation and treatment for acute conditions on a day-only basis and are approved by the Commonwealth for the purposes of basic table health insurance benefits.
Full-time equivalent staff
Full-time equivalent staff represent the sum of full-time staff and the full-time equivalent of part-time staff during the last week of the pay period ending on of before 30 June, or for a typical week of hospital operation. It is derived by adding the on-job hours worked and hours of paid leave (sick, recreation, long service, workers' compensation leave) by/for a staff member divided by the number of hours normally worked by a full-time staff member when on the job under the relevant award or agreement. See also Staff.
Gross capital expenditure
Gross capital expenditure refers to expenditure in a period on the acquisition or enhancement of an asset (excluding financial assets), such as buildings and building construction, information technology, major medical equipment and transport.
International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems. The purpose of the ICD is to permit the systematic recording, analysis, interpretation and comparison of mortality and morbidity data collected in different countries or areas and at different times. The ICD, which is endorsed by the World Health Organisation (WHO), is primarily designed for the classification of diseases and injuries with a formal diagnosis. Further information is available from the WHO web site <www.who.int>.
Three categories of income are identified:
Recoveries include income received from rental of hospital facilities including facility fees paid by medical practitioners, meals and accommodation for staff, TV, telephone and Internet fees. Income for extraordinary items, GST, and Australian Government Paid Parental Leave Scheme are excluded.
Other income includes income received from car parks, sales of goods and services, sponsorship and fundraising, interest/investment, dividends, meals and accommodation for visitors, sundry income, net profit (or loss) on the sale of assets. Income for extraordinary items, GST, and Australian Government Paid Parental Leave Scheme are excluded as are
Includes employer contributions into superannuation funds, workers' compensation premiums/costs, payroll tax, wages and salaries including provisions for employee entitlements, contract payments for medical services.
Net capital expenditure
Net capital expenditure refers to gross capital expenditure less disposals of capital assets items such as buildings and building construction, information technology, major medical equipment and transport.
Net operating margin
Net operating margin is derived by subtracting recurrent expenditure from income and expressing the result as a proportion of income.
Occasions of service
Any services provided to a non-admitted patient in a functional unit (e.g.radiology) of the hospital. Each diagnostic test or simultaneous set of related diagnostic tests is counted as one occasion of service.
The number of occupied beds is calculated by multiplying the number of average available beds by the occupancy rate. See also Beds, Available Beds, and Bed Occupancy Rate.
Other domestic services
Includes staff services, accommodation, bedding and linen, hardware, crockery, cutlery, laundering and cleaning of uniforms.
Other specialised units/wards
Includes neurosurgical unit, acute spinal cord injury unit, burns unit, major plastic/reconstructive surgery unit, transplantation units, acute renal dialysis unit, infectious diseases unit, comprehensive epilepsy centre, clinical genetics unit, AIDS unit, diabetes unit, in-vitro fertilisation unit, post-acute rehabilitation units and other specialised services.
A patient is a person for whom a hospital accepts responsibility for treatment and/or care.
An admitted patient undergoes a hospital's formal admission process. Babies born in hospital are excluded unless they are provided with medical care other than that which would normally be provided to a newborn, or they remain in hospital after the mother has been discharged, or are the second or subsequent live born infant of a multiple birth and the mother is currently an admitted patient. Persons accompanying a sick patient (e.g. nursing mothers and parents accompanying sick children) are also excluded.
Overnight-stay patients are admitted to and separated from hospital on different dates (i.e. they stay at least one night in hospital).
Same-day patients are admitted and separated on the same day (i.e. they are in hospital for a period that does not include an overnight stay).
Non-admitted patients do not undergo a hospital's formal admission process. These include outpatients, accident and emergency patients and off-site (community/outreach) patients.
These are the aggregate number of days of stay (i.e. calculated as separation date minus admission date) for all overnight-stay patients who were separated from hospital during the year. Periods of approved leave are subtracted from these calculations. Same-day patients are each counted as having a stay of one day.
Includes revenue received by, and due to, the hospital in respect of patient liability for accommodation and other fees, regardless of source of payment (Commonwealth, health fund, insurance company, direct from patient) or status of patient (whether admitted or non-admitted patient). It does not include recoveries (i.e. income received from items such as staff meals and accommodation, and facility fees paid by medical practitioners) or Other income (i.e. income such as investment income from temporarily surplus funds and income from charities, bequests, meals and accommodation provided to visitors, and kiosk sales).
Patient insurance status
Indicates whether or not hospital insurance is held by a patient through a registered health insurance fund, or a general insurance company. Patients who have insurance cover only for ancillary services are regarded as not having hospital insurance.
Occurs when an admitted patient:
A clinical intervention that:
For admitted patients, procedures undertaken during an episode of care are recorded in accordance with ICD-10-AM 6th edition.
Psychiatric hospitals are licensed/approved by each state or territory health authority and cater primarily for admitted patients with psychiatric, mental or behavioural disorders.
Comprises expenditure on wages and salaries and other labour costs, drug, medical and surgical supplies, food supplies, domestic services, administrative expenses, fuel and power, purchases of finished goods, patient transport, repairs and maintenance, contract services, depreciation and amortisation, non-labour contract expenses and other recurrent expenditure. For further information refer to the National Health Data Dictionary which is available on the AIHW web site www.aihw.gov.au.
Repairs and maintenance
Includes costs of maintaining, repairing, replacing and providing additional equipment, maintaining and renovating buildings, and minor additional works.
Discharge from private hospital facility. See Patient Separation.
A facility or unit dedicated to the treatment or care of patients with particular conditions or characteristics.
Statistical discharge - type of care change
This is how hospitals record situations where changes in the type of care patients are receiving occur but do not result in the patients actually leaving the hospital. It is recorded as a discharge but only for statistical purposes. Examples of these are when the type of care changes from/to acute, rehabilitation, palliative or non-acute care
These are groupings of the whole or part of legal local government areas. They are designed to be relatively homogeneous regions characterised by identifiable social and economic units within the region. Capital City Statistical Divisions, shown in some tables of this publication, comprise Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Adelaide, Perth, Greater Hobart, Darwin and Canberra.
Type of centre
Free-standing day hospital centres are categorised by type according to their main economic activity. The following types of centres are separately categorised:
Wages and salaries (including on-costs)
Includes wages and salaries, superannuation employer contributions, payroll tax, workers' compensation and workcare premiums, uniforms, education, personnel costs and fringe benefits tax.
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