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A significant number of travellers (i.e. overseas visitors to Australia on arrival and Australian residents going abroad) state exactly 12 months or one year as their intended period of stay. Many of them stay for less than that period and on their departure from, or return to, Australia are therefore classified as short-term. Accordingly, in an attempt to maintain consistency between arrivals and departures, movements of travellers who report their actual or intended period of stay as being one year exactly are randomly allocated to long-term or short-term in proportion to the number of movements of travellers who report their actual length of stay as up to one month more, or one month less, than one year.
Country of birth
Country of birth refers to the country in which a traveller was born in. For Overseas Arrivals and Departures data and Net Overseas Migration data, the country of birth is usually collected from a traveller's passport or visa information.
Country of citizenship
Country of citizenship is the nationality of a traveller. For Overseas Arrivals and Departures data and Net Overseas Migration data it is usually taken from a traveller's passport of visa information. However, some travellers can have dual citizenship.
Country of embarkation/disembarkation
Country of embarkation/disembarkation is collected from the country a traveller indicates on their passenger card from answering the following question:
Country of residence
Please refer to country of residence/stay.
Country of residence/stay
Country of residence/stay is collected from the country a traveller indicates on their passenger card.
Intended length of stay
On arrival in Australia, all overseas visitors are asked to state their ‘intended length of stay in Australia’. On departure from Australia, all Australian residents are asked to state their ‘intended length of stay abroad’.
Long-term arrivals comprise of long-term visitor arrivals (LTVA) and long-term resident returns (LTRR).
Long-term departures comprise of long-term resident departures (LTRD) and long-term visitor departures (LTVD).
Long-term resident departures (LTRD)
Australian residents who state that they intend to stay abroad for 12 months or more (but not permanently).
Long-term resident returns (LTRR)
Australian residents returning after an absence of 12 months or more overseas.
Long-term visitor arrivals (LTVA)
Overseas visitors who state that they intend to stay in Australia for 12 months or more (but not permanently).
Long-term visitor departures (LTVD)
Overseas visitors departing who stayed 12 months or more in Australia.
Australian residents travelling overseas are asked on departure for the name of the country in which they intend to spend most time.
Main reason for journey
Overseas visitors/temporary entrants arriving in Australia and Australian residents departing temporarily from Australia are asked to state their main reason for journey. From September 1994, all statistics relating to main reason for journey have been published using the following categories:
In tabulations of data collected before September 1994, the 'other' category included 'in transit' and the 'holiday' category included both 'student vacation' and 'accompanying business visitor'.
For any distribution, the median value is that which divides the relevant population into two equal parts, half falling below the value, and half exceeding it. Thus, the median age is the age at which half the population is older and half is younger.
Overseas arrivals and departures
Overseas arrivals and departures (OAD) refer to the recorded arrival or departure of persons through Australian air or sea ports (excluding operational air and ships' crew). Statistics on OAD relate to the number of movements of travellers rather than the number of travellers (i.e. the multiple movements of individual persons during a given reference period are all counted).
Passenger cards are completed by nearly all passengers arriving in, or departing from, Australia. Information including occupation, nationality, intended length of stay, main reason for journey, and state or territory of intended stay/residence is collected.
Permanent arrivals (settlers) comprise:
Permanent departures are:
The sex ratio relates to the number of males per 100 females. The sex ratio is defined for the total population, at birth, at death and among age groups by appropriately selecting the numerator and the denominator of the ratio.
Short-term arrivals comprise of short-term visitor arrivals (STVA) and short-term resident returns (STRR).
Short-term departures comprise of short-term resident departures (STRD) and short-term visitor departures (STVD).
Short-term resident departures (STRD)
Australian residents who intend to stay abroad for less than 12 months.
Short-term resident returns (STRR)
Australian residents returning after a stay of less than 12 months overseas.
Short-term visitor arrivals (STVA)
Overseas visitors who intend to stay in Australia for less than 12 months.
Short-term visitor departures (STVD)
Overseas visitors departing after a stay of less than 12 months in Australia.
State where spent most time
Overseas visitors are asked on departure for the name of the state or territory in which they spent the most time. This differs from 'state or territory of clearance' which is available on request.
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