3303.0 - Causes of Death, Australia, 2017 Quality Declaration 
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Appendix 1 Data used in calculating death rates


Data input

The following tables contain data used in calculating the various rates referred to in this publication.

Table A1.1 presents Estimated Resident Population (ERP) as at 30 June 2017. These data have been used to calculate Standardised Death Rates, Age-specific death rates and Years of Potential Life Lost for 2017 data. These data were released in Australian Demographic Statistics, Dec 2016 (cat. no. 3101.0), on 21 June, 2018.

The rates produced for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander persons in this publication are based on estimates and projections. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population data are based on Series B population projections released in Estimates and Projections, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, 2001 to 2026 (cat. no. 3238.0), which are based on the 2011 Census. When comparison rates are produced for non-Indigenous persons, the denominator is derived by subtracting the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population estimates/projections from the relevant total persons ERP. Such figures have a degree of uncertainty and should be used with caution, particularly as the time from the base year of the projection series increases. Furthermore, rates calculated from population denominators derived from different Censuses may cause artificially large rate differences. Rate comparisons made between the 2016 reference year and prior reference years should therefore be made with extreme caution. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population projections based on the 2016 Census will be released in Estimates and Projections, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians (cat. no. 3238.0) in 2019. See Explanatory Note 69 for further information.

A1.1 Estimated Resident Population, by age and sex: 30 June 2017

Males
Females
Persons

Under 1
155 753
147 474
303 227
1-4
653 201
618 954
1 272 155
5-9
814 037
772 838
1 586 875
10-14
757 113
715 926
1 473 039
15-19
760 063
722 532
1 482 595
20-24
879 098
841 181
1 720 279
25-29
924 969
924 039
1 849 008
30-34
908 555
924 202
1 832 757
35-39
827 897
832 770
1 660 667
40-44
797 516
806 204
1 603 720
45-49
806 828
841 082
1 647 910
50-54
754 302
781 281
1 535 583
55-59
738 590
767 627
1 506 217
60-64
649 215
682 753
1 331 968
65-69
586 268
606 702
1 192 970
70-74
470 860
487 918
958 778
75-79
321 841
355 506
677 347
80-84
209 819
259 092
468 911
85-89
124 606
182 268
306 874
90-94
49 649
95 337
144 986
95 and over
11 657
30 005
41 662
All ages
12 201 837
12 395 691
24 597 528



Table A1.2 presents the number of live births for Australia for 2008 to 2017. These data have been used in calculating infant death rates - the number of deaths of children under one year of age per 1,000 live births in the same period. Data for 2008 to 2016 were released in Births, Australia, 2016 (cat. no. 3301.0). At the time of this publication's release, a summary of births data for 2017 is presented in Deaths, Australia, 2017 (cat. no. 3302.0).

A1.2 Live births registered, Australia: 2008, 2013-2017

Males
Females
Persons

2008
155 204
147 068
302 272
2013
158 706
149 359
308 065
2014
153 592
146 105
299 697
2015
157 088
148 289
305 377
2016
159 537
151 567
311 104
2017
159 221
149 921
309 142




Perinatal Death Rate

For comparison and measuring purposes, perinatal deaths in this publication have also been expressed as rates. These rates are defined as follows:
  • for fetal deaths and total perinatal deaths, the rates represent the number of deaths per 1,000 all births, which comprises live births and fetal deaths combined (where gestation is at least 20 weeks or birth weight is at least 400 grams).
  • for neonatal deaths, the rates represent the number of deaths per 1,000 live births.


20 weeks' gestation or 400 grams birth weight

The following tables contain births data used in calculating perinatal death rates. Tables A1.3 and A1.4 are used to calculate perinatal death rates based on the 20 weeks' gestation or 400 grams birth weight definition for fetal deaths. In this publication, this definition has been applied to all 2008-2017 reference year data, with exception to one table in the Perinatal data cube, which applies the World Health Organisation definition of a perinatal death (see details further below).

A1.3 All births(a), by sex of child(b) - and state or territory of usual residence of mother

STATE OR TERRITORY OF USUAL RESIDENCE
NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT
Aust.(d)

2017

Live Births
Males
49 536
42 308
31 720
9 867
17 743
2 843
1 981
3 208
159 221
Females
47 055
39 786
29 438
9 205
16 755
2 767
1 901
2 999
149 921
Persons
96 591
82 094
61 158
19 072
34 498
5 610
3 882
6 207
309 142
Stillbirths(c)
Males
249
247
212
27
131
16
16
18
916
Females
237
215
176
33
105
18
18
20
822
Persons(b)
491
471
390
60
236
38
34
40
1 760
Total
Males
49 785
42 555
31 932
9 894
17 874
2 859
1 997
3 226
160 137
Females
47 292
40 001
29 614
9 238
16 860
2 785
1 919
3 019
150 743
Persons(b)
97 082
82 565
61 548
19 132
34 734
5 648
3 916
6 247
310 902

2016

Live Births
Males
49 220
42 438
31 495
10 240
18 396
3 052
2 033
2 647
159 537
Females
46 863
40 454
30 346
9 532
17 033
2 916
1 894
2 505
151 567
Persons
96 083
82 892
61 841
19 772
35 429
5 968
3 927
5 152
311 104
Stillbirths(c)
Males
237
249
212
30
130
29
18
11
916
Females
225
204
190
38
96
20
9
11
793
Persons(b)
465
460
406
68
226
49
28
22
1724
Total
Males
49 457
42 687
31 707
10 270
18 526
3 081
2 051
2 658
160 453
Females
47 088
40 658
30 536
9 570
17 129
2 936
1 903
2 516
152 360
Persons(b)
96 548
83 352
62 247
19 840
35 655
6 017
3 955
5 174
312 828

2015

Live Births
Males
51 342
37 832
31 850
10 018
18 076
2 932
2 109
2 910
157 088
Females
48 737
35 736
29 895
9 569
17 059
2 748
1 895
2 632
148 289
Persons
100 079
73 568
61 745
19 587
35 135
5 680
4 004
5 542
305 377
Stillbirths(c)
Males
294
168
205
49
126
20
16
18
896
Females
240
172
192
35
115
17
21
10
802
Persons(b)
540
348
400
84
242
38
38
28
1 718
Total
Males
51 636
38 000
32 055
10 067
18 202
2 952
2 125
2 928
157 984
Females
48 977
35 908
30 087
9 604
17 174
2 765
1 916
2 642
149 091
Persons(b)
100 619
73 916
62 145
19 671
35 377
5 718
4 042
5 570
307 095

2014

Live Births
Males
46 689
38 057
32 292
10 370
18 184
3 029
2 072
2 883
153 592
Females
44 385
36 167
30 774
10 014
17 219
2 906
1 954
2 669
146 105
Persons
91 074
74 224
63 066
20 384
35 403
5 935
4 026
5 552
299 697
Stillbirths(c)
Males
202
197
231
45
125
34
11
23
868
Females
201
194
190
42
113
35
17
20
812
Persons(b)
405
402
424
88
238
69
29
43
1 698
Total
Males
46 891
38 254
32 523
10 415
18 309
3 063
2 083
2 906
154 460
Females
44 586
36 361
30 964
10 056
17 332
2 941
1 971
2 689
146 917
Persons(b)
91 479
74 626
63 490
20 472
35 641
6 004
4 055
5 595
301 395

2013

Live Births
Males
51 875
38 056
32 759
10 435
17 674
3 035
2 025
2 831
158 706
Females
48 587
35 913
30 595
9 655
16 842
3 014
2 028
2 714
149 359
Persons
100 462
73 969
63 354
20 090
34 516
6 049
4 053
5 545
308 065
Stillbirths(c)
Males
281
243
205
39
115
24
22
12
941
Females
278
204
168
36
90
18
17
15
826
Persons(b)
561
450
376
77
205
44
39
29
1 781
Total
Males
52 156
38 299
32 964
10 474
17 789
3 059
2 047
2 843
159 647
Females
48 865
36 117
30 763
9 691
16 932
3 032
2 045
2 729
150 185
Persons(b)
101 023
74 419
63 730
20 167
34 721
6 093
4 092
5 574
309 846

2012

Live Births
Males
50 641
39 656
32 876
10 517
17 254
3 144
2 078
2 803
158 988
Females
47 867
37 749
30 961
9 916
16 373
3 024
2 026
2 658
150 594
Persons
98 508
77 405
63 837
20 433
33 627
6 168
4 104
5 461
309 582
Stillbirths(c)
Males
283
219
216
37
118
27
15
21
943
Females
230
211
233
34
121
18
8
18
875
Persons(b)
517
435
452
71
239
45
23
41
1 832
Total
Males
50 924
39 875
33 092
10 554
17 372
3 171
2 093
2 824
159 931
Females
48 097
37 960
31 194
9 950
16 494
3 042
2 034
2 676
151 469
Persons(b)
99 025
77 840
64 289
20 504
33 866
6 213
4 127
5 502
311 414

2011

Live Births
Males
50 986
36 900
32 237
10 146
16 557
3 405
2 039
2 708
154 996
Females
48 068
34 544
31 016
9 746
15 702
3 203
1 915
2 413
146 621
Persons
99 054
71 444
63 253
19 892
32 259
6 608
3 954
5 121
301 617
Stillbirths(c)
Males
281
227
181
42
128
26
21
15
923
Females
231
170
194
46
126
23
13
13
818
Persons(b)
513
400
377
89
254
49
34
28
1 748
Total
Males
51 267
37 127
32 418
10 188
16 685
3 431
2 060
2 723
155 919
Females
48 299
34 714
31 210
9 792
15 828
3 226
1 928
2 426
147 439
Persons(b)
99 567
71 844
63 630
19 981
32 513
6 657
3 988
5 149
303 365

2010

Live Births
Males
51 943
36 141
33 031
10 397
16 063
3 317
2 026
2 662
155 591
Females
49 323
34 431
31 492
9 681
15 361
3 068
1 873
2 490
147 727
Persons
101 266
70 572
64 523
20 078
31 424
6 385
3 899
5 152
303 318
Stillbirths(c)
Males
270
209
229
39
92
33
18
44
934
Females
228
194
204
39
93
21
13
27
819
Persons(b)
499
407
441
78
185
54
31
72
1 767
Total
Males
52 213
36 350
33 260
10 436
16 155
3 350
2 044
2 706
156 525
Females
49 551
34 625
31 696
9 720
15 454
3 089
1 886
2 517
148 546
Persons(b)
101 765
70 979
64 964
20 156
31 609
6 439
3 930
5 224
305 085

2009

Live Births
Males
50 411
36 284
34 086
10 233
15 896
3 392
1 991
2 574
154 875
Females
47 820
34 644
32 063
9 502
14 983
3 235
1 829
2 286
146 378
Persons
98 231
70 928
66 149
19 735
30 879
6 627
3 820
4 860
301 253
Stillbirths(c)
Males
250
236
238
35
121
31
18
18
947
Females
240
194
199
40
94
25
20
7
820
Persons(b)
495
432
441
75
215
57
39
25
1 780
Total
Males
50 661
36 520
34 324
10 268
16 017
3 423
2 009
2 592
155 822
Females
48 060
34 838
32 262
9 542
15 077
3 260
1 849
2 293
147 198
Persons(b)
98 726
71 360
66 590
19 810
31 094
6 684
3 859
4 885
303 033

2008

Live Births
Males
51 205
36 786
32 609
10 333
16 318
3 453
2 008
2 471
155 204
Females
49 071
34 398
30 559
9 896
15 533
3 322
1 936
2 337
147 068
Persons
100 276
71 184
63 168
20 229
31 851
6 775
3 944
4 808
302 272
Stillbirths(c)
Males
251
189
207
45
105
31
10
5
843
Females
214
190
186
49
96
16
11
9
771
Persons(b)
468
380
422
95
201
47
21
14
1 648
Total
Males
51 456
36 975
32 816
10 378
16 423
3 484
2 018
2 476
156 047
Females
49 285
34 588
30 745
9 945
15 629
3 338
1 947
2 346
147 839
Persons(b)
100 744
71 564
63 590
20 324
32 052
6 822
3 965
4 822
303 920

(a) All births consists of all live births, plus all fetal deaths that conform to the 20 weeks' gestation or 400 grams birth weight definition.
(b) The stillbirths count for 'Persons' includes those stillbirth deaths for which the sex could not be determined. The sum of male and female stillbirths may therefore not sum to the Persons total.
(c) Includes those where it is unknown if heartbeat ceased before or after the delivery.
(d) Includes Other Territories.

A1.4 All births(a), by sex(b)

Live Births
Stillbirths(c)
Total
Males
Females
Persons
Males
Females
Persons(b)
Males
Females
Persons(b)

2017
159 221
149 921
309 142
916
822
1 760
160 137
150 743
310 902
2016
159 537
151 567
311 104
916
793
1 724
160 453
152 360
312 828
2015
157 088
148 289
305 377
896
802
1 718
157 984
149 091
307 095
2014
153 592
146 105
299 697
868
812
1 698
154 460
146 917
301 395
2013
158 706
149 359
308 065
941
826
1 781
159 647
150 185
309 846
2012
158 988
150 594
309 582
943
875
1 832
159 931
151 469
311 414
2011
154 996
146 621
301 617
923
818
1 748
155 919
147 439
303 365
2010
155 591
147 727
303 318
934
819
1 767
156 525
148 546
305 085
2009
154 875
146 378
301 253
947
820
1 780
155 822
147 198
303 033
2008
155 204
147 068
302 272
843
771
1 648
156 047
147 839
303 920

(a) All births consists of all live births, plus all fetal deaths that conform to the 20 weeks' gestation or 400 grams birth weight definition.
(b) The stillbirths count for 'Persons' includes those stillbirth deaths for which the sex could not be determined. The sum of male and female stillbirths may therefore not sum to the Persons total.
(c) Includes those where it is unknown if heartbeat ceased before or after the delivery.



22 weeks' gestation or 500 grams birth weight

Table A1.5 contains births data used in the calculation of perinatal death rates based on the WHO definition of all neonatal deaths and those fetal deaths of 22 weeks' gestation or 500 grams birth weight. A time series of perinatal death counts based on the WHO definition is presented in the Perinatal datacube.

A1.5 All births(a), by sex(b)

Live Births
Stillbirths(c)
Total
Males
Females
Persons
Males
Females
Persons(b)
Males
Females
Persons(b)

2017
159 221
149 921
309 142
772
718
1 508
159 993
150 639
310 650
2016
159 537
151 567
311 104
767
675
1 451
160 304
152 242
312 555
2015
157 088
148 289
305 377
775
714
1 504
157 863
149 003
306 881
2014
153 592
146 105
299 697
759
738
1 513
154 351
146 843
301 210
2013
158 706
149 359
308 065
830
760
1 603
159 536
150 119
309 668
2012
158 988
150 594
309 582
784
718
1 514
159 772
151 312
311 096
2011
154 996
146 621
301 617
741
672
1 416
155 737
147 293
303 033
2010
155 591
147 727
303 318
797
721
1 524
156 388
148 448
304 842
2009
154 875
146 378
301 253
896
771
1 679
155 771
147 149
302 932
2008
155 204
147 068
302 272
771
711
1 513
155 975
147 779
303 785

(a) All births consists of all live births, plus all fetal deaths that conform to the 22 weeks' gestation or 500 grams birth weight definition.
(b) The stillbirths count for 'Persons' includes those stillbirth deaths for which the sex could not be determined. The sum of male and female stillbirths may therefore not sum to the Persons total.
(c) Includes those where it is unknown if heartbeat ceased before or after the delivery.
(d) The count of fetal deaths in scope for the World Health Organisation (WHO) definition of perinatal deaths differs to those previously published for 2012 and 2015. This is due to an enhancement to birth weight and gestation information, which resulted in some deaths no longer meeting the World Health Organisation definition of a fetal death (that is, a gestational age of at least 22 weeks or weighing at least 500 grams). For 2012, there are two fewer fetal deaths than previously published (1 male and 1 female). For 2015, there are 38 fewer fetal deaths than previously published (18 males, 19 females, 1 death of undetermined sex). Some corresponding death rates have also been affected. No other tables in this data cube are affected by these changes.