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TALKIN' 'BOUT OUR GENERATIONS: Where are Australia's Baby Boomers, Generation X & Y and iGeneration?
THE SIZE OF THE GENERATIONS(a)
In this article, the geographical distribution of each cohort at the Statistical Area Level 2 (SA2) was measured by the number of people in each age group at 30 June 2014 as a proportion of the total population of that SA2. SA2s are based on officially gazetted suburbs and localities, and aim to represent communities that interact together socially and economically. In some instances, the effects of one generation moving into a SA2 may be magnified by the movement of a different generation out of that SA2, thereby influencing the relative demographic mix of that area.
Australia's Baby Boomers were born between 1946 and 1966 during the post-war economic boom. It was a period characterised by high rates of marriage and fertility, high levels of immigration, rising rates of female participation in both tertiary education and the workforce, and the genesis of the two-income household as the norm. The first wave of Baby Boomers, who are now aged between 48 and 67 years, are nearing or reaching retirement age, and their location choices will influence where appropriate social and support services will be needed.
While the majority (63%) of Baby Boomers lived in Australia's capital cities in 2014, the areas with the highest proportions of 48 to 67 year olds were mainly located around larger urban centres in regional Australia or along the coast. The ten areas with the highest proportions of Baby Boomers were all were located outside of Australia's capital cities. Topping the list was Benalla Region, in north-eastern Victoria. Nestled between the regional centres of Shepparton and Wangaratta, Benalla Region had the highest proportion (40%) of Baby Boomers of any area in Australia.
SA2s WITH HIGHEST PROPORTION OF BABY BOOMERS (PERSONS AGED 48 TO 67 YEARS)(a), 2014
POPULATION AGED 48 TO 67 YEARS (BABY BOOMERS), Statistical Areas Level 2, New South Wales - 30 June 2014
In Victoria, areas with high proportions of 48 to 67 year olds in 2014 included Castlemaine Region (38%), Maryborough Region (35%) and Loddon (34%) which all surround the city of Bendigo, Otway (37%) on the state's south-west coast, and Longford - Loch Sport, Yarram and Bruthen - Omeo (all 35%) in the Latrobe - Gippsland region.
POPULATION AGED 48 TO 67 YEARS (BABY BOOMERS), Statistical Areas Level 2, Victoria - 30 June 2014
In Queensland, the highest proportions of 48 to 67 year olds in 2014 were found in Magnetic Island and Maryborough Region - South (both 38%), followed by Caloundra Hinterland (37%) and Maroochy Hinterland (36%) on the Sunshine Coast.
In other states and territories, higher than average proportions of Baby Boomers were in the following areas:
GENERATION X & Y
Born between 1966 and 1986, Generation X & Y were the first generation to experience increased rates of parental separation and divorce, and despite the introduction of the Higher Education Contribution Scheme (HECS) in 1989, are the most highly educated generation to date. Aged between 28 and 47 years in 2014, Generation X & Y are generally in the middle stages of their working lives.
In 2014, over 70% of people aged 28 to 47 years lived in Australia's capital cities. The highest proportions of Generation X & Y were in the inner-city suburb of Darlinghurst in Sydney and the Western Australian mining area of East Pilbara (both 51%).
SA2s WITH HIGHEST PROPORTION OF GENERATION X & Y (PERSONS AGED 28 TO 47 YEARS)(a), 2014
In Victoria, the highest proportions of 28 to 47 year olds in 2014 were in the inner-city areas of Collingwood, Elwood (both 47%), St Kilda, St Kilda East, Abbotsford (all 45%), and the rapidly growing suburbs of Truganina (44%) and Point Cook (43%) west of the Melbourne CBD.
POPULATION AGED 28 TO 47 YEARS (GENERATION X & Y), Statistical Areas Level 2, Greater Melbourne - 30 June 2014
In Queensland, four of the five areas with the highest proportions of 28 to 47 year olds in 2014 were inner-city suburbs of Brisbane. Fortitude Valley (48%), immediately north-east of the CBD, had the highest proportion of Generation X & Y in the state, followed by Newstead - Bowen Hills (45%), Spring Hill (43%) and New Farm (41%). Outside of Brisbane, the area with the highest proportion of 28 to 47 year olds was Moranbah (37%), a mining town near Mackay.
In South Australia, the highest proportion of Generation X & Y was in Roxby Downs (40%), a mining town in the northern outback, while in the Northern Territory the recently developed suburb of Palmerston - South (41%) had the highest proportion. In the Australian Capital Territory, areas with high proportions of people aged 28 to 47 years included the newer northern suburbs of Crace (48%), Bonner and Franklin (both 44%), and Phillip (44%) in the south.
Born between 1986 and 2006, the iGeneration (Internet Generation) have spent their formative years in a period which saw the birth and rise of the internet and social media. Aged between 8 and 27 in 2014, a large proportion of the iGeneration are students attending secondary school, university, TAFE college or other educational institutions.
In 2014, the highest proportions of iGens could be found in the inner and central parts of our capital cities, and in areas associated with tertiary institutions. The area with the highest proportion of iGens in Australia was Acton, where the Australian National University (ANU) is based. Around 76% of residents in Acton were aged between 8 and 27 years, most being students living at ANU.
SA2s WITH HIGHEST PROPORTION OF THE iGENERATION (PERSONS AGED 8 TO 27 YEARS)(a), 2014
POPULATION AGED 8 TO 27 YEARS (iGENERATION), Statistical Areas Level 2, Greater Melbourne - 30 June 2014
In Queensland, St Lucia (57%) had the highest proportion of 8 to 27 year olds in 2014. This area includes the University of Queensland. It was followed by Douglas (48%) in Townsville, which contains James Cook University
In Western Australia, the highest proportion of iGens was in Bentley - Wilson - St James (38%), which includes Curtin University. Nedlands - Dalkeith - Crawley hosts the University of Western Australia, and also had more than one-third of its population (35%) aged between 8 and 27 years in 2014.
Australian Bureau of Statistics 2006 A Picture of the Nation: the Statistician's Report on the 2006 Census, 2006 (ABS cat. no. 2070.0)
Australian Bureau of Statistics 2009 Age Matters, May 2009 (ABS cat. no. 4914.0.55.001)
Australian Bureau of Statistics 2014 Australian Historical Population Statistics, 2014 (ABS cat. no. 3105.0.65.001)
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