3101.0 - Australian Demographic Statistics, Dec 2018 Quality Declaration 
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 20/06/2019   
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DECEMBER KEY FIGURES

Population at end Dec qtr 2018
Change over previous year
Change over previous year
PRELIMINARY DATA
'000
'000
%

New South Wales
8 046.1
123.8
1.6
Victoria
6 526.4
139.4
2.2
Queensland
5 052.8
89.9
1.8
South Australia
1 742.7
14.6
0.8
Western Australia
2 606.3
24.0
0.9
Tasmania
531.5
6.5
1.2
Northern Territory
245.9
-1.0
-0.4
Australian Capital Territory
423.8
7.6
1.8
Australia(a)
25 180.2
404.8
1.6

(a) Includes Other Territories comprising Jervis Bay Territory, Christmas Island, the Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Norfolk Island.


DECEMBER KEY POINTS


ESTIMATED RESIDENT POPULATION
  • The preliminary estimated resident population (ERP) of Australia at 31 December 2018 was 25,180,200 people. This is an increase of 404,800 people since 31 December 2017, and 78,400 people since 30 September 2018.
  • The preliminary estimate of natural increase for the year ended 31 December 2018 (156,300 people) was 8.5%, or 12,200 people higher than the natural increase recorded for the year ended 31 December 2017 (144,100 people).
  • The preliminary estimate of net overseas migration (NOM) for the year ended 31 December 2018 (248,400 people) was 2.8%, or 6,800 people higher than the net overseas migration recorded for the year ended 31 December 2017 (241,700 people).

Graph Image for Population growth, Quarterly

Source(s): Australian Demographic Statistics, December quarter 2018



POPULATION GROWTH RATES
  • Australia's population grew by 1.6% during the year ended 31 December 2018.
  • Natural increase and NOM contributed 38.6% and 61.4% respectively to total population growth for the year ended 31 December 2018.
  • All states and territories, except the Northern Territory, recorded positive population growth in the year ended 31 December 2018.
  • Victoria recorded the highest growth rate of all states and territories at 2.2%. The Northern Territory recorded the lowest growth rate at -0.4%.

Graph Image for Population growth rate, Year ended 31 December 2018

Source(s): Australian Demographic Statistics, December quarter 2018