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Employed persons who usually work 35 hours or more a week (in all jobs) and those who, although usually working less than 35 hours a week, worked 35 hours or more during the reference week.
Employed persons who usually work less than 35 hours a week (in all jobs) and either did so during the reference week, or were not at work in the reference week.
A person who works for a public or private employer and receives pay for the reference period in the form of wages or salaries, a commission while also receiving a retainer, tips, piece rates or payment in kind. Persons who operated their own incorporated business with or without hiring employees are also included as employees.
External training provider
An external training provider is defined as a person (or organisation) who delivers work-related training and is not classified as either an existing staff member or a consultant hired by the organisation to deliver the training.
Field not determined
Field not determined includes inadequately described responses or where no responses were given.
Field of education
Field of education is defined as the subject matter of an educational activity. It is categorised according to the Australian Standard Classification of Education (ASCED), 2001 (cat. no. 1272.0) Field of education classification.
Refers to any study being undertaken that will lead to a recognised qualification, issued by a relevant approved body, in recognition that a person has achieved learning outcomes or competencies relevant to identified individual, professional, industry or community needs. This includes study for a school qualification. In this survey, if the respondent was still attending school their level of study was recorded as their current year of schooling. If the respondent had left school and was enrolled in study for a qualification they were asked the level of the qualification.
Highest year of school completed
The highest level of primary or secondary education that a person has completed, irrespective of the type of institution or location where that education was undertaken.
An incorporated business is a company that has a registered business name with the Australian Securities and Investment Commission (ASIC) and a legal status which is separate to that of the individual owners of the business. In this survey individuals who own their own business are asked if that business is incorporated.
Index of relative socio-economic disadvantage
This is one of four Socio-economic Indexes for Areas (SEIFAs) compiled by the ABS following each Census of Population and Housing. The Index of Relative Socio-economic Disadvantage summarises attributes such as income, educational attainment, unemployment and occupation skill levels. The index refers to the area (the Statistical Area Level 1 (SA1)) in which a person lives, not to the socio-economic situation of the particular individual. The index ranks areas on a continuum from most disadvantaged to least disadvantaged. A low score on the index (i.e. lowest quintile or decile) indicates a high proportion of relatively disadvantaged people in an area. Such areas include many households with low income, people with no qualifications and many people in low skill occupations. It should be noted that it cannot be concluded that an area with a very high index score has a large proportion of relatively advantaged ('well off') people, as there are no variables in the index to indicate this. It can only be concluded that such an area has a relatively low incidence of disadvantage. The SEIFA deciles used in this publication were those compiled following the 2011 Census and are based on SA1 rankings across the whole of Australia. For further information about the indexes, see Census of Population and Housing: Socio-Economic Indexes for Areas (SEIFA), 2011 (cat. no. 2033.0.55.001).
Index of education and occupation
This is one of four Socio-economic Indexes for Areas (SEIFAs) compiled by the ABS following each Census of Population and Housing. The Index of Education and Occupation is designed to reflect the educational and occupational level of communities. The education variables in this index show either the level of qualification achieved or whether further education is being undertaken. The occupation variables classify the workforce into the major groups and skill levels of the Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (ANZSCO) and the unemployed. A low index score indicates relatively lower education and occupation levels in the area. For example, an area will have a low score if there are many people without qualifications, or many people in low skilled occupations or many unemployed people. A high score indicates relatively higher education and occupation status of the people living in the area. The SEIFA deciles used in this publication were those compiled following the 2011 Census and are based on SA1 rankings across the whole of Australia. For further information about the indexes, see Census of Population and Housing: Socio-Economic Indexes for Areas (SEIFA), 2011 (cat. no. 2033.0.55.001).
Industry data is classified according to the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC), 2006 (Revision 1.0) (cat. no. 1292.0).
Level of education
Level of education is a function of the quality and quantity of learning involved in an educational activity. It is categorised according to the Australian Standard Classification of Education (ASCED), 2001 (cat. no. 1272.0) Level of education classification.
Level not determined
Level not determined includes inadequately described responses or where no responses were given.
See Current main job.
Multiple job holder
Multiple job holders worked in more than one job during the survey's reference week, or held a second (or more) job(s) from which they were absent.
Activities that do not involve contact with a teacher or instructor, for example undertaking research or completing assignments.
Non-formal learning activities are structured training courses that do not form part of a formal qualification (e.g. Degree or Certificate) recognised by the Australian Qualifications Framework (AQF).
Non-school qualifications are classified according to ASCED 2001 and only include:
Not in labour force
Persons who were not in the categories employed or unemployed, as defined.
Occupation data is classified according to the Australia and New Zealand Standard Classifications of Occupations (ANZSCO), First Edition, Revision 1 (cat. no. 1220.0).
Method for delivering work-related training. Includes but not limited to self paced learning and training undertaken via the Internet and lectures delivered by a teacher/instructor over the Internet.
Organised learning includes both formal and non-formal learning activities.
Own account worker
A person who operates their own unincorporated economic enterprise or engages independently in a profession or trade, with or without employees. Own business also includes people who operate their own incorporated business with or without employees.
Participation relates to formal, work-related training and personal interest learning undertaken in last the 12 months.
Includes any cost related to the course which were paid for by the participant and not reimbursed by a third party, for example course fees or costs for study materials.
Personal interest learning
Structured non-formal learning courses that do not lead to a qualification, undertaken for reasons not related to work.
Formal certification, issued by a relevant approved body, in recognition that a person has achieved an appropriate level of learning outcomes or competencies relevant to identified individual, professional, industry or community needs. Includes school study. Statements of attainment awarded for partial completion of a course of study at a particular level are excluded.
The week preceding the day the interview was conducted.
Relative standard error
The Australian Standard Geographical Standard (ASGS): Volume 5 - Remoteness Structure, July 2011 (cat. no.1270.0.55.005) is used by the ABS for the dissemination of a broad range of social and demographic statistics. The classification divides Australia into six broad regions (called Remoteness areas), on the basis of their relative access to services.
Statistical Area Level 1 (SA1)
Section of state
School study is participation in primary or secondary level education, regardless of the institution or location where the study is, or was, undertaken. It therefore includes such study undertaken in a Technical and Further Education (TAFE) or other institution. For the purpose of this publication school study is classified as participation in formal learning.
See Index of relative socio-economic disadvantage and Index of education and occupation
Size of business
A measure of the size of the business a person works in, in terms of the number of employees within that business.
Refers to the usual hours that a person works.
Non-formal learning undertaken to obtain, maintain or improve employment related skills and/or to improve employment opportunities (i.e. seeking employment, promotion or starting own business). Work-related training courses have a structured format but do not lead to a qualification.
Persons who were not employed during the reference week, and:
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