4148.0 - Employment in Sport and Recreation, Australia, August 2011  
ARCHIVED ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 19/11/2012  Final
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This publication presents key characteristics of persons in Australia who had their main job in a sport and physical recreation occupation in the week before the 2011 Census of Population and Housing.

2 The Census counts every person who spent Census night (9 August 2011) in Australia, excluding foreign diplomats and their families. This includes Australian residents in Antarctica and people in the territories of Jervis Bay, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Christmas Island. The other Australian External Territories, Norfolk Island and minor islands such as Heard and McDonald Islands, are outside the scope of the Australian Census.

3 Although overseas visitors in Australia on Census night were included in the Census count, this publication excludes them in all tabulations.


Each stage of the Census is subject to stringent quality assurance procedures to ensure data of the highest quality. However, in a Census there are potential sources of error such as under-counting, respondent error and processing error.

5 Random adjustment of the data is considered to be the most satisfactory technique for avoiding the release of confidential Census data. When the technique is applied, small random adjustments are made which allow the maximum amount of detailed Census data possible to be released without breaching confidentiality. These adjustments result in small introduced random errors.

6 The column and row totals in individual tables are derived after the random adjustment process has been applied, and consequently may include random error. Thus, comparisons between table totals may show some minor discrepancies.

7 Care should be taken when interpreting cells with small numbers, since randomisation, as well as possible respondent and processing errors, have a greater impact on small cells than on larger cells. Furthermore, some small cells have been randomly altered to zero. Caution should be exercised in deducing that there are no people having these particular characteristics.


Employed persons are those aged 15 years and over, who, in the week prior to the Census:

  • worked for payment or profit, or as an unpaid helper in a family business;
  • had a job from which they were on holidays or paid leave; or
  • were on strike or temporarily stood down.

9 Persons who worked in a voluntary capacity only are not classified as employed persons.

10 If a person had more than one job in the week prior to the Census, then 'main job' refers to the job in which the person usually worked the most hours.


In the 2011 Census, occupations were classified to the most detailed (six-digit) level of the Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (ANZSCO), First Edition (cat. no. 1220.0). If a Census response lacked adequate information for it to be coded to the six-digit occupation level, it was coded to a 'not further defined' category (e.g. Sport and recreation managers nfd) with zeroes in the fifth and sixth digit positions of the ANZSCO code.

Sport and physical recreation occupations were selected on the basis of inclusion in the Occupation Classification in the Australian Culture and Leisure Classifications (ACLC), 2008 (cat. no. 4902.0). While the Occupation Classification of the ACLC does not specifically identify sport and physical recreation occupations, Division 3 (Sports and Physical Recreation) of ACLC Industry Classifications was used as a guide to determine which of the ACLC Occupation categories to include.


In the Census, industry was coded according to the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC), 2006 (cat. no. 1292.0).

14 Prior to the 2011 Census, ANZSCO occupation classifications were reviewed with some minor changes implemented. The sport occupation 393111 'Canvas Goods Maker' had a title change to 'Canvas Goods Fabricator'. For further information on the revisions made to the ANZSCO occupations, please refer to the publication Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (ANZSCO), First Edition, Revision 1 (cat. no. 1220.0). Comparisons with the 2006 Census are shown in Table 1.


A person is defined to be of Indigenous origin if he or she identifies himself or herself as of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander origin.


ABS publications draw extensively on information provided freely by individuals, businesses, governments and other organisations. Their continued cooperation is very much appreciated; without it, the wide range of statistics published by the ABS would not be available. Information received by the ABS is treated in strict confidence as required by the Census and Statistics Act 1905.


Terms and concepts used in this publication are explained in more detail in the following: