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THE STRUCTURE OF THE OCCUPATION CLASSIFICATION
Structure and numbering
The main features of the Occupation Classification in the ACLC are similar to ANZSCO. The structure of ANZSCO comprises five hierarchical levels, ranging from major group to occupation. Note that in the Occupation Classification, for brevity, only the major group and the occupation are named. The names of the intermediate levels can be found within the ANZSCO publication itself.
ANZSCO distinguishes the Major Groups (e.g., Manager, Professionals) from each other using a combination of skill level and skill specialisation. Skill level is a function of the range and complexity of the set of tasks involved in an occupation. It is measured by the level or amount of formal education and training, the amount of previous experience in a related job and the amount of on-the-job training required to competently perform the set of tasks required for that occupation. Skill specialisation is a function of the field of knowledge required, the tools and equipment used, the materials worked on, and the goods or services produced or provided. The ANZSCO classification contains eight Major Groups which are denoted by a 1-digit code. These Groups are set out in the Occupation Classification Summary.
The most detailed level of the ANZSCO classification is the occupation. An occupation is distinguished from other occupations in the same major group on the basis of detailed skill specialisation. ANZSCO includes 1023 occupations which are denoted by 6-digit codes. Each of these occupations has a principal title and may also have alternative titles and/or specialisation titles. The principal title is the title that best describes the particular occupation. It is generally the most commonly used title. An alternative title has the same meaning as the principal title but may be less commonly used. A specialisation title is a commonly occurring title which refers to a subset of jobs belonging to the occupation designated by the principal title. These jobs involve the performance of specialised tasks rather than the broader range of tasks usually performed in the occupation.
The detailed Occupation Classification of the ACLC is presented in two formats – ANZSCO order and the culture and leisure alternative view of ANZSCO (ACLC grouped order). ANZSCO order lists occupations that are culture and leisure in nature in the same structure and order presented in ANZSCO. The culture and leisure alternative view of ANZSCO groups the occupations by the divisions in the ACLC Industry Classification – namely, Heritage collection; Arts; Sports and physical recreation; and Other leisure.
In the ANZSCO order of the detailed Occupation Classification, the first column shows the ANZSCO Major Group, for example, 1 ’Managers’. The second column shows the 6-digit ANZSCO Code, for example, ‘121316’. The final column lists the occupation names: first the principal title, for example, ‘Horse breeder’; then possible alternative titles, for example, ‘Horse stud manager’; then finally any specialisation titles, for example, ‘Stud master/mistress’.
The culture and leisure alternative view of ANZSCO only lists the occupations, it does not list alternative titles or specialisations. The occupations are grouped by the four divisions discussed previously and these divisions are further divided into specialist sub-divisions. The occupations are then listed in alphabetical order.
The Occupation Classification of the ACLC does not provide a description of the nature of the activity undertaken in the occupation or the types of tasks performed in it. Instead, activity and task descriptions can be found in the ANZSCO publication.
There are 165 occupations listed in the Occupation Classification of the ACLC.
To enable readers to readily identify which occupation a cultural or leisure job belongs to, the occupation titles, together with the relevant occupation codes, are listed alphabetically in a separate table in the Downloads tab of this publication.
The ACLC occupations are directly extracted from the ANZSCO and bear the same codes. Thus no separate correspondence is necessary.