4902.0 - Australian Culture and Leisure Classifications, 2014 (Third Edition)  
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 30/07/2014  Final
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GROUP 12 – ENVIRONMENTAL HERITAGE

Group 12 Environmental heritage consists of units mainly engaged in the management of sites, areas and collections such as national parks, fauna and flora reserves, zoological parks, aquaria and botanic gardens. It consists of the following classes:

    121 Nature parks and reserves;
    122 Zoological parks and aquaria; and
    123 Botanic gardens.


121 NATURE PARKS AND RESERVES

Definition

This class consists of units mainly engaged in the management of Australian native areas such as national parks and fauna and flora reserves. Management consists of protecting the animals and plants in their natural environment, but not actively managing them as in a zoological park or botanic garden.

'Not actively managing' in this context means that the animals are in an environment natural to their species. They may be fenced in for protection from predators but are not themselves in captivity and are not given supplementary feeding.


Exclusions / References

Units mainly engaged in:

(a) operating zoological gardens and parks, and aquaria are included in Class 122 Zoological parks and aquaria;

(b) operating wildlife sanctuaries and marine parks where the animals are actively managed are included in Class 122 Zoological parks and aquaria;

(c) operating botanic gardens are included in Class 123 Botanic gardens; and

(d) operating recreation and sporting grounds are included in Class 322 Other sports and physical recreation venues, grounds and facilities.


Primary Activities

Fauna reserve operation

Flora reserve operation, where the primary intention is to preserve native species

National or state/territory park or reserve operation

Tourist cave operation

Wildlife sanctuary or marine park operation where the animals are protected but not actively managed



122 ZOOLOGICAL PARKS AND AQUARIA

Definition

This class consists of units mainly engaged in the breeding, preservation, study and display of native and/or exotic fauna in captivity. Units such as aquaria may include an entertainment or performance element.


Exclusions / References

Units mainly engaged in:

(a) operating wildlife sanctuaries and marine parks where the animals are protected but not actively managed are included in Class 121 Nature parks and reserves; and

(b) commercial farming operations where fauna can be viewed as a subsidiary activity are out of scope of the classification.


Primary Activities

Animal/fauna park operation

Aquarium operation

Aviary operation

Butterfly house operation

Free range or open range zoo operation

Reptile park operation

Wildlife park operation where the animals are actively managed

Zoological park or zoological garden operation



123 BOTANIC GARDENS

Definition

This class consists of units mainly engaged in collecting, studying, exchanging and displaying native and/or exotic plants.


Exclusions / References

Units mainly engaged in:

(a) operating flora reserves primarily intended to preserve native species in national parks or reserves are included in Class 121 Nature parks and reserves; and

(b) propagating native and/or exotic flora for commercial purposes are out of scope of the classification.


Primary Activities

Arboretum operation

Botanic garden operation

Herbarium operation


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