4902.0 - Australian Culture and Leisure Classifications, 2014 (Third Edition)  
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Contents >> Chapter 2: The ACLC Industry Classification >> Division 2: Arts >> Group 23: Music Composition and Publishing

GROUP 23 – MUSIC COMPOSITION AND PUBLISHING

Group 23 Music composition and publishing consists of units mainly engaged in creating or publishing musical compositions, or in creating or releasing recordings of music or other audio material. Group 23 also includes the wholesaling and retailing of recorded audio media, and the retailing of recorded video media. It consists of the following classes:

      231 Music composition;
      232 Music publishing;
      233 Record companies and distributors, and sound recording studios; and
      234 Recorded audio and video media retailing.

    231 MUSIC COMPOSITION

    Definition

    This class consists of units mainly engaged in the activities of composing, arranging and orchestrating music, and song writing.


    Exclusions / References

    Units mainly engaged in performing music are included in Class 221 Music performance.


    Primary Activities

    Composing music

    Song, lyric or libretto writing



    232 MUSIC PUBLISHING

    Definition

    This class consists of units mainly engaged in acquiring and registering copyrights for musical compositions in accordance with law, and promoting and authorising the use of these compositions in recordings, radio, television, motion pictures, live performances, print or other media. Units in this class represent the interests of the composer, songwriter or other owners of musical compositions to produce revenues from the use of such works, generally through licensing agreements. Music publishers may own music copyrights or act as administrators on behalf of copyright owners. They may also publish sheet music and/or license the use of production or library music.


    Exclusions / References

    Units mainly engaged in:

    (a) printing sheet music are included in Class 215 Printing;

    (b) publishing sheet music in electronic format on the Internet are included in Class 218 Internet publishing;

    (c) operating record companies are included in Class 233 Record companies and distributors, and sound recording studios;

    (d) distributing recorded media are included in Class 233 Record companies and distributors, and sound recording studios; and

    (e) operating sound recording studios are included in Class 233 Record companies and distributors, and sound recording studios.


    Primary Activities

    Investing in copyrights for music

    Licensing production or library music

    Publishing music

    Sheet music publishing

    Sheet music wholesaling



    233 RECORD COMPANIES AND DISTRIBUTORS, AND SOUND RECORDING STUDIOS

    Definition

    This class consists of units mainly engaged in originating and releasing musical or other audio recordings by artists with whom they have recording contracts. Also included are units mainly engaged in providing sound recording services, or in the distribution or wholesaling of recorded music or other recorded audio products. These products may be sourced via licensing or packaging and distribution deals, or may simply be purchased outright for resale.


    Exclusions / References

    Units mainly engaged in:

    (a) publishing music are included in Class 232 Music publishing;

    (b) production of music videos are included in Class 263 Film and video production; and

    (c) distributing recorded video media are included in Class 264 Film and video distribution.


    Primary Activities

    Audio post-production services for film or video

    Originating and releasing (i.e. publishing) musical and other audio recordings

    Production of pre-recorded radio programs

    Production of retrospective and compilation albums from existing catalogues of sound recordings

    Record company operation

    Recorded audio media distribution

    Recorded music and other audio product distribution, whether or not under licence

    Sound recording studio operation



    234 RECORDED AUDIO AND VIDEO MEDIA RETAILING

    Definition

    This class consists of units mainly engaged in retailing recorded music and other recorded audio and video products.


    Exclusions / References

    Units mainly engaged in:

    (a) retailing musical instruments and sheet music are included in Class 271 Musical instrument retailing;

    (b) repairing, restoring and tuning musical instruments are included in Class 279 Arts n.e.c.; and

    (c) retailing home entertainment equipment are included in Class 483 Other culture and leisure goods retailing or hiring.


    Primary Activities

    Mail order or Internet-based recorded music retailing (including record clubs)

    Movies or television programs on video media retailing

    Music video retailing

    Recorded music and other recorded audio and video product retailing

    Second hand recorded audio and video product retailing


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