4628.0.55.001 - Completing the Picture - Environmental Accounting in Practice, May 2012  
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 10/05/2012  Final
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The preceding chapters provided an explanation of the SEEA and demonstrated how a range of public policy issues could be informed by environmental accounts. The set of tables included in this appendix represent the accounts themselves.

A range of Australian organisations produce environmental accounts. These include the Bureau of Meteorology (National Water Account and NPEI responsibilities), Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE) (GHG emissions accounts), Bureau of Resources and Energy Economics (BREE) (Energy Balances) and the Wentworth Group (Regional Accounts). While the degree varies, each of these accounts has links to the SEEA. In some cases there are relatively minor conceptual differences, in others the differences are more substantial and often due to particular legislative reasons.

A variety of environmental accounts have been compiled by the ABS. These accounts are at different stages of maturity and some accounts that have been compiled in the past, such as environment protection expenditure accounts, are no longer produced. Others, such as the natural resources on the National Balance Sheets, energy and water accounts are in regular annual production.

In some cases, such as for Water Accounts, the ABS undertakes substantial primary data collection activity to support the production of accounts. In other cases the ABS does not undertake the primary data collections. For example, in the case of the Energy and Greenhouse Gas Emission accounts (in development), the ABS reconfigures existing data from the energy balances compiled by the BREE, and emissions data collected by the DCCEE, to match with SEEA and SNA concepts.

The SEEA–based accounting tables presented here are by no means exhaustive. They do however illustrate the potential for an Australian System of Environmental–Economic Accounts (ASEEA) to provide an integrating framework for many types of environmental and economic information. Where possible, the tables have been populated with data. However in cases where no or limited information is currently available, an empty or partially filled table has been provided.

The tables in this appendix are organised using the same structure as the accounts in the SEEA framework.

      1. Flow accounts;
      2. Functional accounts for environmental transactions;
      3. Asset accounts in physical and monetary terms; and,
      4. Ecosystem accounts.


1. Hybrid environmental-economic account, Australia



2. Australian Net supply of energy (Petajoules), Australia, 2009-10

3. Australian Net use of energy (Petajoules), Australia, 2009-10Water

4. Water supply (Megalitres), Australia, 2009-10

5. Water use (Megalitres), Australia, 2009-10

6. Water Supply ($ Millions), Australia, 2009-10

7. Water Use ($ Millions), Australia, 2009-10

8. Water supply and use (Megalitres), Murray-Darling Basin, 2009-10

9. Water supply and use ($ Millions), Murray-Darling Basin, 2009-10 (Experimental)

GHG Emissions

10. Direct greenhouse gas emissions - environmental accounts basis (a) (Mt CO2-e) - Illustrative only

11. Direct and indirect greenhouse gas emissions induced by final use (a) (Mt CO2-e) - Illustrative only


12. Waste supply - generated (tonnes), Australia - Illustrative only

13. Waste use - management (amounts used/treated/disposed-use (tonnes), Australia - Illustrative only

14. Supply of waste services and recovered products ($), Australia - Illustrative only

15. Use of waste services and recovered products ($), Australia - Illustrative only


16. Production of environmental protection services ($), Australia - Illustrative only

17. Supply and use of environmental protection specific services ($), Australia - Illustrative only

18. Total expenditure on environmental protection - Illustrative only

19. Environmental protection expenditure & national resource management financing, Australia - Illustrative only

20. Environmental transfers ($), Australia - Illustrative only

21. Account for tradeable emission permits, Australia - Illustrative only

22. Environmental taxes by type of tax ($), Australia - Illustrative only


23. Oil stock account - monetary ($), Australia, 2001 to 2011

24. Oil stock account - physical (gigalitres), Australia, 2001 to 2011

25. Coal-peat stock account - monetary ($), Australia, 2001 to 2011

26. Coal-peat stock account - physical (gigatonnes), Australia, 2000 to 2011

27. Natural gas stock account - monetary ($), Australia, 2001 to 2011

28. Natural gas stock account - physical (billion cubic metres), Australia, 2001 to 2011

29. Subsoil assets stock account - monetary ($), Australia, 2001 to 2011


30. Metallic minerals stock account - monetary ($), Australia, 2001 to 2011

31. Metallic minerals stock account - physical (gt), Australia, 2001 to 2011

32. Non-metallic minerals stock account ($), Australia, 2001 to 2011

33. Non-metallic minerals stock account (megatonnes), Australia, 2001 to 2011


34. Dynamic land cover by state and territory ('000 hectares), Australia, 2008

35. Land use by state and territory ('000 hectares), Australia, 2010

36. Experimental land cover account ('000 hectares), Murray-Darling Basin (MDB), pre-1750 to 2006

37. Experimental land cover by state and territory (hectares), Murray-Darling Basin (MDB), 2008

38. Experimental land cover by land use (hectares), Murray-Darling Basin (MDB), 2008

39. Experimental Forest Extent and Change (hectares), Murray-Darling Basin (MDB), 2008 and 2011


40. Timber Resources stock account - physical (hectares, cubic metres), Australia, 2001 to 2010

41. Timber Resources stock account - monetary ($ billions), Australia, 2001 to 2010


42. Aquatic Resources Stock Account - physical ('000 tonnes), Australia, 2001 to 2010

43. Aquatic Resources Stock Account - monetary ($ millions), Australia, 2001 to 2010 (Experimental)


44. Carbon Stock Account, Australia - Illustrative only


45. Ecosystem asset account, 2010-2011 - Illustrative only

46. Ecosystem services account - Illustrative only


47. Status of native species, Australia, 2011

48. Biodiversity Asset Account, Australia, 2010-11