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Definitions and references
Associate diploma - course lasting from one to two years full-time (or equivalent) for those wanting to work in advanced trades, technical, or associate professional occupations.
Basic vocational qualification - course lasting from one semester to one year full-time (or equivalent) providing practical skills and knowledge for those wanting to work at the operative level in various fields. Prior to 1993, basic vocational qualifications were included with undergraduate or associate diplomas.
Degree or higher - a bachelor degree (including honours), a graduate or post-graduate diploma, master's degree or a doctorate.
Did not complete highest level of secondary school - a person without post-school qualifications who did not complete the highest level of secondary schooling available at the time they left school.
Full-time equivalent (FTE) - a measure of the total level of staff resources used. The FTE of a full-time staff member is equal to 1.0. The calculation of FTE for part-time staff is based on the proportion of time worked compared to that worked by full-time staff performing similar duties.
GDP (gross domestic product) - the current price measure which is the sum of factor incomes, consumption of fixed capital (depreciation) and net indirect taxes.
Government expenditure on education - government final expenditure, personal benefit payments, advances to persons for the Higher Education Contribution Scheme (HECS) and other government expenditure.
Government school - one administered by the Department of Education in each state/territory.
Higher education student - a person for whom there is a full-time, part-time or external enrolment in a course at a higher education institution at the reference date.
Non-government school - one not administered by a Department of Education but including special schools administered by government authorities other than state/territory education departments.
Post-school qualification - any qualification gained by a person after leaving school such as a trade qualification, certificate, diploma, or degree.
School - an educational institution which provides primary or secondary education on a full-time daily basis, or by radio or correspondence.
School student - a person who is enrolled in a school and active in a course of study, other than pre-school or technical and further education (TAFE) courses.
School student/teacher ratio - number of school students divided by full-time equivalent teachers in both primary and secondary schools.
Skilled vocational qualification - course lasting two to four years, and typically involving some on-the-job training, for those wanting to work in a specific vocation, recognised trade or craft that requires a high degree of skill in a range of related activities. Prior to 1993, skilled vocational qualifications referred to trade qualifications only.
TAFE student - a person for whom there is a full-time or part-time vocational stream enrolment in a college of technical and further education (TAFE) for the reference year.
Tertiary education - education provided by any institution offering post-school courses. Includes TAFE and higher education systems.
Total expenditure on education - government expenditure on education plus private final expenditure on education.
Undergraduate diploma - course lasting three years full-time (or equivalent) for those wanting to work as professionals or associate professionals.
Unemployment rate - the number of unemployed persons in any group expressed as a percentage of the labour force in the same group.
Year 12 apparent retention rate - the percentage of full-time students of a given cohort group who continue from the first year of secondary schooling to Year 12.