Relationship in Household
More Detailed Description
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This is a key variable at the person level. It is used to determine familial and non-familial relationships between persons usually residing within the same household.
All persons aged under 15 years are classified as a child under 15 and considered dependent.
To be classified as a Dependent Student (15–24) or a Non-Dependent Child the person must be a biological, step, adopted or foster child of a couple or lone parent usually resident in the household; AND have no partner or child of his/her own usually resident in the household. Furthermore, if such a person is aged 15–24 years and studying full time they are classified as a Dependent Student, otherwise they are classified as a Non-Dependent Child. More Detailed Description
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Applicable to: Persons present in the household on Census Night
Husband, Wife or Partner
Child under 15
Dependent student (15–24)
Other related individual
Visitor (from within Australia)
99 Visitor (from within Australia)
@@ Not applicable
VV Overseas visitor
Total number of categories: 30
Not applicable (@@) category comprises:
Persons in other not classifiable households
Persons in non-private dwellings
Persons in migratory or off-shore CDs
Each stage of the Census is subject to stringent quality assurance measures. However, in a Census there are recognised sources of error which may survive in the data produced. Some of these are overcome or 'repaired' by careful processing procedures and quality management of the processing itself. The effect of those that remain is generally slight, although it may be more important for small groups in the population. The main kinds of error to keep in mind are:
Partial non-response - in some cases where an answer was not provided to a question an answer was imputed or derived (often from other information on the form). In other cases a 'not stated' code was allocated.
Processing error - while such errors can occur in any processing system, quality management is used to continuously improve the quality of processed data, and to identify and correct data of unacceptable quality.
Random adjustment - cells containing small values are randomly adjusted to avoid releasing information about particular individuals, families or households. The effect of random adjustment is statistically insignificant.
Respondent error - processing procedures cannot detect or repair all errors made by persons in completing the form, therefore some may remain in final data.
Undercount - although the Census aims to count each person once, there are some people who are missed and others who are counted more than once. A post enumeration survey is conducted soon after the Census to measure the undercount.
Want more information on Data Quality?
A series of Census Working Papers have been produced to assess and report on various aspects of 2001 Census data quality. More Information