Australian Bureau of Statistics

Rate the ABS website
ABS Home
ABS @ Facebook ABS @ Twitter ABS RSS ABS Email notification service
Understanding statistics
 



The Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), in partnership with the Australian Football League (AFL), have developed an interactive program based on Australian rules football that develops the ability of young people to understand and use basic statistical information through participation in a range of football related activities.

Learning outcome

By taking part in a range of football activities and collecting data on various football fundamentals (such as kicking, hand balling, marking...), the participants will learn to:
• understand basic statistical concepts
• collect and analyse data
• communicate data, and
• interpret data.

Prerequisites
There are no specific educational prerequisites for facilitators or participants to undertake the Footy Stats Program activities. Some equipment, such as footballs, and an open space will be required to undertake the activities. Details are outlined in the resource materials provided.

Intended audience
The program is pitched at Australian middle years students (i.e. those aged 11 - 15 years), with an interest in Australian rules football and the AFL competition.

Resources
The program contains printable resource sheets including step-by-step facilitator instructions, student resource sheets, and solutions for every activity.

Learning activities

The Footy Stats Program contains six different activities, involving outdoor experiences (such as practising kicking goals) and experiences in which participants collect, use and discuss data about their football skills or AFL clubs (such as favourite club and team performance). The activities are designed to help the participants to understand a range of basic statistical concepts. As part of each activity, questions about what the participants have learnt is included to help the facilitator guide the discussion. Where relevant, information has also been provided for the facilitator about the type of topics/responses that should be covered in the discussions.

Role of the facilitator

Using the activity sheets and supporting material, the facilitator will guide the participants as they undertake each of the different steps in the activities, including guiding the discussions about what they have learnt. The facilitator does not have to be an ‘expert’ in statistics or maths as the relevant reference material (i.e. Glossary of Statistical Terms) has been included. The program is all about engaging participants in their learning of basic statistical concepts through undertaking football related activities.

Facilitator Guide (5.39MB)
Activity 1: In Footy Mode
Activity 2: Keeping Score
Activity 3: Team Colours
Activity 4: A Graphic Sports Report
Activity 5: Player Review
Activity 6: If the AFL were only 100 players



Activity 1: In Footy Mode


In this activity, participants:

    • Begin to develop an understanding of data and its uses
    • Work together to conduct a simple investigation; conducting a small data collection activity (survey), producing a graph, and analysing the information to answer the questions
    • Explore and identify the statistical concept mode within the dataset to answer the investigation question

In this activity, the facilitator:
    Evaluates whether the participants are able to:
    • Construct a graph with awareness of the two variables: AFL team and number of supporters
    • Identify and describe the information represented by the graph
    • Interpret the concept of mode to identify the most popularly supported team in the group

Download the Activity Sheet and Required Resource Sheet:

Activity 1 (1.05 MB)
Resource - AFL Footy Clubs and Colours Chart (2.52 MB)
Resource - Data Representations Guide (2.13 MB)

Back to top

Image: Activity 1

Activity 2: Keeping Score



In this activity, participants:
    • Begin to develop initial understandings and skills for data collection as they participate in a handball drill to record their performance using templates of tables and graphs
    • Begin to demonstrate basic statistical understandings by describing data and the recording of data in simple tables and graphs
    • Begin to use data representations to interpret and share their findings

In this activity, the facilitator:
    Evaluates whether the participants are able to:
    • Accurately record scores for each football drill activity in table
    • Create a simple graph from their personal tables with facilitator guidance
    • Describe their skills performance from the collected data using graphs as evidence

Download the Activity Sheet and Required Resource Sheets:

Activity 2 (1.05 MB)
Resource - Footy Stats Table (649 KB)
Resource - Pie and Sauce Graph (717 KB)

Back to top

Image: Activity 2

Activity 3: Team Colours



In this activity, participants:
    • Begin to develop an understanding of data and its uses
    • Begin to develop and use statistical terms/concepts
    • Work together to conduct a simple investigation:
      • Collating and organising data – drawing a list and graph
      • Building a graph – constructing and naming x- and y- axis using different variables
      • Interpreting the information to answer simple investigation questions
    • Explore and identify the statistical concept mode within the data to answer investigation questions

In this activity, the facilitator:
    Evaluates whether the participants:
    • Understand statistical concepts
    • Appropriately using key statistical terms when describing the data
    • Correctly use the graph axes to position each data item
    • Are able to answer the investigation questions in reference to the graph

Download the Activity Sheet and Required Resource Sheets:

Activity 3 (1.07 MB)
Resource - AFL Footy Clubs and Colours Chart (3.9 MB)
Resource - Data Representations Guide (2.13 MB)

Back to top

Image: Activity 3

Activity 4: A Graphic Sports Report



In this activity, participants:
    • Produce a graph to solve investigation questions; justifying the choice of graph type
    • Record data in tables, and construct graphs to investigate their footy skills
    • Demonstrate their ability to accurately read and describe the data in tables and graphs

In this activity, the facilitator:
    Evaluates whether the participants are able to:
    • Recall and apply their previous learning to choose a type of graph to best present data in answer to an investigation question
    • Construct tables and graphs from recorded data to answer investigation questions
    • Communicate data as statistical evidence to answer their investigation questions using their group graphs

Download the Activity Sheet and Required Resource Sheet:

Activity 4 (1.07 MB)
Resource - Data Representations Guide (2.13 MB)

Back to top

Image: Activity 4

Activity 5: Player Review


In this activity, participants:
    • Develop skills for using data recorded in a table format to build a graph
    • Extend their statistical capabilities by constructing a graph to visually represent data that has been collected over time
    • Begin to develop capabilities for using data as evidence to make comparisons and analyse performance over time
    • Practise describing data through discussion while justifying interpretations using the key statistical language

In this activity, the facilitator:
    Evaluates whether the participants are able to:
    • Construct a graph accurately labelling axes and represent all observations from the provided data
    • Describe the changes in the performance of the players and make comparisons between players
    • Demonstrate an understanding of statistical concepts through their use of statistical language in discussion

Download the Activity Sheet and Required Resource Sheet:

Activity 5 (1.07 MB)
Resource - Data Representations Guide (2.13 MB)

Back to top

Image: Activity 5

Activity 6: If the AFL were only 100 players


In this activity, participants:
    • Begin to develop an understanding of the relationship between population and sample, in the context of a simple investigation
    • Work together to calculate percentages for a sample and the population
    • Begin to apply the data collected about the sample to estimate values for the population

In this activity, the facilitator:
    Evaluates whether the participants are able to:
    • Demonstrate an understanding of the difference and relationship between a population and sample
    • Calculate percentages using the data
    • Use percentage calculation to explore estimates for the population

Download the Activity Sheet:

Activity 6 (1.10 MB)

Back to top

Image: Activity 6


Commonwealth of Australia 2008

Unless otherwise noted, content on this website is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 Australia Licence together with any terms, conditions and exclusions as set out in the website Copyright notice. For permission to do anything beyond the scope of this licence and copyright terms contact us.