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8688.0 - Selected Amusement and Leisure Industries, Australia, 2000-01  
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 30/04/2002   
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INTRODUCTION

Chapter 1 of this publication presents results, in respect of the 2000–01 financial year, from an Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) survey of major amusement and theme parks. For the purposes of this survey, major amusement and theme parks are defined as parks:

  • operated on a commercial basis,
  • permanently based at a fixed site,
  • with multiple rides and attractions, and
  • with over 50,000 attendees for the year.

This definition excludes single water slide parks, travelling side shows and a number of smaller parks. Amusement centres (such as indoor play centres, amusement machine centres, mini golf centres, go-kart venues and similar operations) were also excluded from this survey. Amusement centres were included in a separate survey, for which results are shown in Chapter 2 of this publication.

Amusement and theme parks are classified to class 421 (Amusement and Theme Parks) of the industry classification of the Australian Culture and Leisure Classifications (ACLC).

Examples of the types of amusement and theme parks included in this survey are Luna Park (Melbourne, Sydney); Port Macquarie Peppermint Park; Sydney Skytour; Old Sydney Town (Somersby, NSW); Greenhills Adventure Park (Victor Harbor); and Adventure World (Perth). Permission has been gained from the respective respondents to re-produce these names in this publication. Normal ABS confidentiality rules still apply to the data provided by these and other businesses.

Size of industry

At the end of June 2001, there were 30 amusement and theme parks within the scope of this survey operating in Australia, and these had 4,150 persons working in them. During 2000-01, there were 8.9 million visits to these amusement and theme parks. Total income for businesses operating these parks was $287 million.

Sources of income

The total income of the 30 amusement and theme parks during 2000-01 was $287 million.
Takings from admissions and rides of $162 million was the most significant source of income and represented 56% of total income.

Expenses

During 2000-01, total expenses for amusement and theme parks was $313 million. The major expense item was labour costs of $118 million accounting for 38% of total expenses.

Profitability

The operation of amusement and theme parks had an operating profit before tax of negative $27 million during 2000-01, which represented an operating profit margin of -9.4%.

Employment

At the end of June 2001, there were 4,150 persons working in amusement and theme parks. The majority (54%) of this employment were casual employees. In addition, there were 1,907 permanent employees (46% of total employment). It is important to note that employment was measured during the slow month of June. The additional workload in other months would generally be undertaken by casual staff.


TABLE 1.1 AMUSEMENT AND THEME PARKS: KEY FIGURES

2000-2001

Amusement and theme parks at end June (no.)
30
Employment at end June
Permanent (no.)
1,907
Casual (no.)
2,243
Total (no.)
4,150
Total visits during year ended June 2001 ('000)
8,903.5
Income
Takings from admissions and rides ($m)
161.5
Gross takings from the sale of food and beverages ($m)
51.5
Other ($m)
74.2
Total ($m)
287.2
Expenses
Labour costs ($m)
118.3
Purchases ($m)
40.6
Other ($m)
153.8
Total ($m)
312.8
Operating profit/loss before tax ($m)
-26.7
Operating profit margin (%)
-9.4

Copyright Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2002


AMUSEMENT CENTRE OPERATIONS

INTRODUCTION

Chapter 2 of this publication presents results, in respect of the 2000–01 financial year, from an Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) survey of amusement centres. These centres include indoor play centres, amusement machine centres, mini golf centres, go-kart venues and similar operations.

Amusement centres are classified to class 422 (Amusement Arcades and Centres and Other Amusement Operations) of the industry classification of the ACLC.

Size of industry

At the end of June 2001, there were 288 businesses operating amusement centres. These operations were carried out at 384 locations, comprising 236 in capital cities and suburbs and 148 in other areas. Of the 384 locations, 138 were amusement machine centres.

Amusement centres had employment of 2,793 at the end of June 2001 and total income of $137 million for 2000-01.

Sources of income

Of the total income of $137 million, 53% ($73 million) was received as takings from coin operated amusement machines. Almost all of these takings ($72 million) accrued from amusement machine centres.

Other major sources of income for amusement centres included income from playing fees/admissions ($42 million).

Expenses

Total expenses for 2000-01 was $136 million, of which labour costs ($41 million) accounted for 30% of total expenses.

Profitability

For 2000-01, amusement centre operations returned an operating profit before tax of $0.1m, which represented an operating profit margin of $0.1%. However, these aggregates were affected by an operating profit before tax of negative $5 million for amusement machine centres. Excluding amusement machine centres, the other amusement centre operations reported an operating profit before tax of $5 million representing an operating profit margin of 9.5%.

Employment

At the end of June 2001, there were 2,793 persons working for amusement centres. The majority (61%) of persons worked on a casual employee basis. Other types of employment included working proprietors and partners of unincorporated businesses (12% of employment), and permanent employees (27%).


TABLE 2.1 AMUSEMENT CENTRE OPERATIONS: KEY FIGURES

Amusement machine centres
Other
Total

Businesses at end June (no.)
59
229
288
Locations at end June
Capital cities and suburbs (no.)
98
138
236
Non-metropolitan areas (no.)
40
109
148
Total (no.)
138
246
384
Employment at end June
Working proprietors and partners (no.)
65
256
321
Permanent employees (no.)
480
294
774
Casual employees (no.)
568
1,130
1,698
Total (no.)
1,114
1,679
2,793
Income
Takings from coin operated amusement machines ($m)
71.7
*0.8
72.6
Income from playing fees/admissions ($m)
*0.5
41.6
42.1
Other ($m)
10.1
12.2
22.2
Total ($m)
82.3
54.7
136.9
Expenses
Labour costs ($m)
25.2
15.9
41.0
Purchases ($m)
6.5
8.5
15.1
Other ($m)
54.6
25.2
79.9
Total ($m)
86.4
49.6
136.0
Operating profit before tax ($m)
*-5.1
5.1
**0.1
Operating profit margin (%)
*-6.2
9.5
**0.1

* estimate has a relative standard error of between 25% and 50% and should be used with caution
** estimate has a relative standard error greater than 50% and is considered too unreliable for general use
Copyright Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2002

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