Jobs in Australia is a new release that provides aggregate statistics from the recently developed Linked Employer-Employee Dataset (LEED). It provides new information about filled jobs in Australia, the people who hold them, and their employers.
Jobs in Australia describes all job relationships accumulated over the course of a year. This means that job counts in this publication are higher than the estimates of filled jobs published in the quarterly Australian Labour Account, which provides a point-in-time, or stock measure. These statistics about jobs also differ from Labour Force Survey statistics, which estimate the number of people who held a job in each month.
- In 2015-16, there were 18.5 million jobs held during the year. Jobs increased by 2.7% over the four years to 2015-16, or by an average of 0.7% per year. Over this period, the number of jobs held by males grew by an average 0.4% per year and those held by females growing by an average of 1% per year.
- An average of 1.4 jobs were worked by each employed person during 2015-16, which was relatively unchanged over the period.
- There were a total of 16.5 million employee jobs held during 2015-16 and 2.0 million jobs held by owner managers of unincorporated enterprises (OMUE) in their own business.
- The Health care and social assistance industry contributed the highest proportion of employee jobs in 2015-16 and Construction contributed the highest proportion of OMUE jobs.
- Approximately 15% of employed persons were multiple job holders. This has been relatively consistent since 2011-12.
- Over 1.9 million employees were multiple job holders in 2015-16, compared with 1.8 million in 2011-12. In 2015-16, the median employment income of a multiple job holder was $39,813 in all jobs, in comparison to single job holders who received $48,028.
- The highest proportion of multiple job holders worked their highest earning concurrent job in the Health care and social assistance industry.
- In 2015-16, 12.5 million jobs were held by residents of capital city regions, and 5.9 million jobs were held in areas outside the greater capital cities.
- Median employment income per person was $54,999 for males and $39,356 for females. Employment income was higher for those with an employee job than for those with only an OMUE job, reflecting the nature of some OMUE jobs and also the reporting of a net loss of employment income by some OMUEs.
- Most employee jobs were held for the full duration of the year (64%). The next most common job duration was for those held for less than 3 months of the year (14%).
- The median income per employee job was $34,649 for males and $22,406 for females. When adjusted for the duration of the job, this rose to $52,589 for males and $34,681 for females.
- The Australian Capital Territory maintained the highest median income per job, which was $34,490 in 2015-16.
- All states and territories recorded higher median employee income in their greater capital city area in comparison to the rest of state or territory.