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LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
13.1 FLOWS THROUGH THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM
With the exception of the AFP, the ACC and the ACBPS, police agencies in Australia are under the control of the relevant state and territory government. However their members also perform certain functions on behalf of the Australian Government such as the registration of aliens, and the enforcement of various Commonwealth Acts and Regulations in conjunction with the AFP and other Commonwealth officers.
AUSTRALIAN GOVERNMENT POLICING AGENCIES
Australian Federal Police (AFP)
The AFP is a statutory authority established by the Australian Federal Police Act 1979 (Cwlth). The AFP has its headquarters in Canberra, Australian Capital Territory. Its Criminal Investigations Program is conducted through seven operational areas: the Border and International Network; Economic and Special Operations; Terrorism; International Deployment Services; Protection Services; Aviation Services; and High Tech Crime Operations.
The AFP's role is to enforce Commonwealth criminal law and to protect Commonwealth and national interests from crime in Australia and overseas. The AFP is responsible for the prevention, detection and investigation of criminal offences such as drug offences, money laundering and organised crime, identifying the proceeds of crime, investigation of fraud against Commonwealth revenue and expenditure such as social security and taxation fraud, high tech crime, and preventing, countering and investigating terrorism. In the Australian Capital Territory, the AFP provides a full range of general community policing services, including traffic control, special operations, search and rescue services and conventional crime investigations.
Australian Crime Commission (ACC)
The ACC is responsible for providing a coordinated national criminal intelligence framework to deal with serious and organised criminal activity. It has access to special coercive powers to assist in intelligence operations and investigation, for circumstances where traditional law enforcement methods are not sufficient to combat sophisticated criminal activity.
Special investigations are undertaken by the ACC. These include matters such as firearms trafficking, established criminal networks, money laundering and tax fraud, people trafficking for sexual exploitation, amphetamines and other synthetic drugs, identity crime and card skimming, and vehicle rebirthing.
Australian Customs and Border Protection Service (ACBPS)
The ACBPS manages the security and integrity of Australia's borders. It is responsible for the detection and the deterrence of the unlawful movement of goods, such as illegal drugs and firearms and people across the border.
NUMBER OF SWORN POLICE OFFICERS
The number of sworn police officers in the various police services in 2007-08 is shown in table 13.3. The figures in the table are not directly comparable across the various jurisdictions, as data for ACC, AFP and the Northern Territory are based on a headcount at the end of the financial year, whereas those for the other states and territories are on a full-time equivalent basis.