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5368.0 - International Trade in Goods and Services, Australia, Sep 2003  
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Feature Article - International Trade in Services by State 2002-03


Introduction

This article provides financial year 2002-03, 2001-02, 2000-01 and 1999-00 data for Australia's international trade in services by state.

Tables F1 and F2 show, for credits (exports) and debits (imports) respectively, Australia's international trade in services for 2002-03, classified by state, for 11 broad service types, with more detailed components also shown. Tables F3 to F8 show this information for the financial years 2001-02, 2000-01 and 1999-00.

Interpretation of data

Services credits are classified by the state of provision, while services debits are classified by the state of consumption. Confidentiality constraints severely restrict the detail that can be provided for some states and territories. Care should be exercised in interpreting the data.

While the state allocation methods for transportation, travel and communication services are considered reasonable, especially for the analysis of movements in the services, the allocation for other services (about 25% of all trade in services) is primarily based on the location of the business reporting the information, which serves as a proxy for the state of provision / consumption of that service.

Transportation services are allocated by state using a combination of indicators including merchandise trade statistics by state and short-term overseas passenger arrivals and departures by state of clearance.

Overseas passenger departures data by the state where most time was spent are used to allocate the business and personal travel components of travel credits. Education-related travel credits are split using state data provided by the Department of Education, Science and Training. Travel debits are split using overseas departures data for resident departures by state.

For communication services, an indicator for allocating the consumption of telecommunications and postal services by state in the national accounts is used to approximate the state allocation for the international trade in these services. It is assumed that each state's share of outgoing international calls and terminating connections for incoming international calls will be reasonably well aligned with total service consumption by state or territory.

Further information

Further information and longer time series for both calendar and financial year data by state can be obtained by contacting Kevin Yeadon on Canberra 02 6252 6255 or fax 0262528003, or email at k.yeadon@abs.gov.au.




TABLE F1: INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES CREDITS (EXPORTS) BY STATE, 2002-03

NSW
VIC
QLD
SA
WA
TAS
NT
ACT
Australia Total
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m

Transportation
3,147
2,053
1,372
132
701
11
65
0
7,481
Travel
6,070
3,100
3,782
484
1,542
124
149
192
15,443
Business
454
181
316
27
108
8
14
9
1,117
Personal
5,616
2,919
3,466
457
1,434
116
135
183
14,326
Education related
1,794
1,392
801
234
516
45
14
100
4,896
Other
3,822
1,527
2,665
223
918
71
121
83
9,430
Communication (a)
425
233
166
98
81
21
9
50
1,083
Construction services
10
n.p
3
0
3
n.p
n.p
n.p
85
Insurance services
440
233
0
0
0
0
0
0
673
Financial services
556
424
4
0
0
0
0
0
984
Computer and information services
856
151
63
5
13
n.p
0
n.p
1,091
Royalties and licence fees
400
n.p
44
15
21
n.p
n.p
6
618
Other business services
2,380
771
115
96
182
n.p
n.p
31
3,601
Merchanting
101
45
6
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
2
174
Other trade related services
279
27
6
n.p
15
n.p
n.p
n.p
335
Operational leasing services
17
n.p
n.p
0
n.p
n.p
n.p
0
25
Professional services
603
128
29
10
4
n.p
n.p
11
785
Research and Development
110
136
10
6
10
n.p
n.p
n.p
286
Architectural, engineering and other technical services
217
202
37
3
100
n.p
n.p
5
582
Agriculture, mining and on-site processing
5
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
0
29
Services between affiliated enterprises n.i.e
839
145
12
12
17
n.p
n.p
n.p
1,025
Other
209
85
4
55
7
n.p
n.p
0
360
Confidential items - other business services (b)
0
3
11
10
29
n.p
n.p
13
..
Personal, cultural, and recreational services
210
143
108
93
40
n.p
n.p
15
610
Audiovisual and related services
101
42
n.p
n.p
0
n.p
n.p
n.p
152
Other personal, cultural and recreational services
109
101
n.p
n.p
40
n.p
n.p
n.p
458
Government services n.i.e.
39
12
4
25
19
0
260
443
802
Confidential items (b)
0
201
0
0
0
10
17
3
..
Total
14,533
7,321
5,661
948
2,602
166
500
740
32,471

(a) Communication services includes other services n.i.e.
(b) For cells annotated 'n.p.' the data are included in Confidential items

TABLE F2: INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES DEBITS (IMPORTS) BY STATE, 2002-03

NSW
VIC
QLD
SA
WA
TAS
NT
ACT
Australia Total
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m

Transportation
-4,684
-2,880
-1,905
-319
-1,059
-37
-92
-2
-10,978
Travel
-4,403
-2,728
-1,729
-504
-1,211
-109
-87
-241
-11,012
Business
-1,126
-711
-382
-101
-259
-20
-14
-64
-2,677
Personal
-3,277
-2,017
-1,347
-403
-952
-89
-73
-177
-8,335
Education related
-230
-187
-93
-47
-63
-8
-5
-21
-654
Other
-3,047
-1,830
-1,254
-356
-889
-81
-68
-156
-7,681
Communication (a)
-486
-345
-252
-120
-138
-29
-13
-24
-1,406
Construction services
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Insurance services
-820
-36
0
0
0
0
0
0
-856
Financial services
-381
-204
0
0
0
0
0
0
-585
Computer and information services
-732
-167
-8
-23
-11
0
0
-25
-966
Royalties and licence fees
-1,275
-421
-22
-70
-37
n.p
0
n.p
-1,829
Other business services
-1,715
-1,175
-140
-104
-581
n.p
n.p
-20
-3,747
Merchanting and other trade related services
-62
-66
n.p
-45
n.p
n.p
n.p
-2
-369
Operational leasing services
-438
-501
0
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
-955
Professional services
-342
-102
-17
n.p
-34
n.p
n.p
-4
-504
Research and Development
-74
n.p
-4
0
0
n.p
n.p
n.p
-133
Architectural, engineering and other technical services
-116
-104
n.p
-14
-55
n.p
n.p
-2
-334
Agriculture, mining and on-site processing
0
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
0
-168
Services between affiliated enterprises n.i.e
-464
-232
-52
n.p
-67
n.p
n.p
0
-820
Other
-219
-94
-21
-23
n.p
n.p
n.p
0
-464
Confidential items - other business services (b)
0
-76
-46
-22
-425
n.p
n.p
-12
..
Personal, cultural, and recreational services
-634
-140
-12
n.p
-21
n.p
n.p
-2
-846
Audiovisual and related services
-602
-50
n.p
n.p
-4
n.p
n.p
n.p
-680
Other personal, cultural and recreational services
-32
-90
n.p
n.p
-17
n.p
n.p
n.p
-166
Government services n.i.e.
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
-684
-684
Confidential items (b)
0
0
0
-37
0
-4
-8
-6
..
Total
-15,130
-8,096
-4,068
-1,177
-3,058
-179
-200
-1,002
-32,909

(a) Communication services includes other services n.i.e.
(b) For cells annotated 'n.p.' the data are included in Confidential items
TABLE F3: INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES CREDITS (EXPORTS) BY STATE, 2001-02

NSW
VIC
QLD
SA
WA
TAS
NT
ACT
Australia Total
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m

Transportation
3,207
2,135
1,394
129
705
16
79
0
7,665
Travel
6,276
3,084
3,787
473
1,520
122
183
200
15,645
Business
481
187
318
26
108
7
18
11
1,156
Personal
5,795
2,897
3,469
447
1,412
115
165
189
14,489
Education related
1,627
1,263
726
212
469
40
13
91
4,441
Other
4,168
1,634
2,743
235
943
75
152
98
10,048
Communication (a)
372
189
133
97
68
18
6
44
927
Construction services
9
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
0
0
101
Insurance services
442
231
0
0
0
0
0
0
673
Financial services
547
415
4
0
0
0
0
0
966
Computer and information services
758
n.p
n.p
44
5
n.p
n.p
n.p
981
Royalties and licence fees
338
136
16
n.p
4
n.p
n.p
n.p
515
Other business services
2,224
746
88
57
197
n.p
n.p
23
3,391
Merchanting
126
80
17
0
0
n.p
n.p
n.p
230
Other trade related services
252
37
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
1
319
Operational leasing services
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
0
26
Professional services
660
122
9
4
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
802
Research and Development
93
130
n.p
6
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
257
Architectural, engineering and other technical services
199
167
22
9
121
n.p
n.p
6
569
Agriculture, mining and on-site processing
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
67
Services between affiliated enterprises n.i.e
662
151
6
n.p
34
n.p
n.p
n.p
860
Other
185
48
6
10
10
n.p
n.p
n.p
261
Confidential items - other business services (b)
47
11
28
28
32
n.p
n.p
16
..
Personal, cultural, and recreational services
231
109
87
95
n.p
n.p
n.p
20
598
Audiovisual and related services
68
8
0
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
80
Other personal, cultural and recreational services
163
101
87
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
518
Government services n.i.e.
41
19
4
34
18
0
257
416
788
Confidential items (b)
0
179
70
15
54
13
57
11
..
Total
14,445
7,243
5,583
944
2,571
169
582
714
32,250

(a) Communication services includes other services n.i.e.
(b) For cells annotated 'n.p.' the data are included in Confidential items


TABLE F4: INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES DEBITS (IMPORTS) BY STATE, 2001-02

NSW
VIC
QLD
SA
WA
TAS
NT
ACT
Australia Total
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m

Transportation
-4,622
-3,011
-1,585
-336
-1,073
-43
-106
0
-10,776
Travel
-4,378
-2,781
-1,573
-518
-1,227
-139
-88
-214
-10,918
Business
-1,175
-718
-324
-108
-267
-32
-19
-58
-2,701
Personal
-3,203
-2,063
-1,249
-410
-960
-107
-69
-156
-8,217
Education related
-226
-216
-98
-34
-64
-8
-5
-14
-665
Other
-2,977
-1,847
-1,151
-376
-896
-99
-64
-142
-7,552
Communication (a)
-486
-373
-250
-133
-140
-33
-11
-25
-1,451
Construction services
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Insurance services
-820
-36
0
0
0
0
0
0
-856
Financial services
-396
-216
0
0
0
0
0
0
-612
Computer and information services
-761
-102
-4
n.p
n.p
n.p
0
n.p
-884
Royalties and licence fees
-1,226
-438
-22
-82
n.p
0
n.p
n.p
-1,791
Other business services
-1,569
-1,234
-234
-105
-625
n.p
n.p
n.p
-3,812
Merchanting and other trade related services
-66
-56
n.p
-71
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
-334
Operational leasing services
n.p
-555
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
-948
Professional services
-353
-132
-9
-6
-33
n.p
n.p
n.p
-537
Research and Development
n.p
-77
0
0
-1
n.p
n.p
n.p
-101
Architectural, engineering and other technical services
-109
-114
n.p
-10
-83
n.p
n.p
n.p
-407
Agriculture, mining and on-site processing
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
-247
Services between affiliated enterprises n.i.e
-564
-191
-40
n.p
-37
n.p
n.p
n.p
-844
Other
-158
n.p
-9
-4
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
-394
Confidential items - other business services (b)
-319
-109
-176
-14
-471
n.p
n.p
n.p
..
Personal, cultural, and recreational services
-750
-72
-6
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
-882
Audiovisual and related services
-675
-30
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
-727
Other personal, cultural and recreational services
-75
-42
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
-155
Government services n.i.e.
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
-649
-649
Confidential items (b)
0
0
0
-50
-58
-20
-23
-4
..
Total
-15,008
-8,263
-3,674
-1,224
-3,107
-235
-228
-892
-32,631

(a) Communication services includes other services n.i.e.
(b) For cells annotated 'n.p.' the data are included in Confidential items

TABLE F5: INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES CREDITS (EXPORTS) BY STATE, 2000-01

NSW
VIC
QLD
SA
WA
TAS
NT
ACT
Australia Total
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m

Transportation
3,431
2,176
1,461
149
748
12
85
0
8,062
Travel
6,513
2,901
3,706
455
1,486
109
153
184
15,507
Business
530
182
323
27
111
7
15
11
1,206
Personal
5,983
2,719
3,383
428
1,375
102
138
173
14,301
Education related
1,517
1,180
677
198
437
37
12
85
4,143
Other
4,466
1,539
2,706
230
938
65
126
88
10,158
Communication (a)
533
312
206
145
106
28
13
54
1,397
Construction services
40
n.p
2
n.p
n.p
n.p
0
0
68
Insurance services
464
245
0
0
0
0
0
0
709
Financial services
520
396
4
0
0
0
0
0
920
Computer and information services
654
n.p
n.p
18
12
n.p
n.p
n.p
826
Royalties and licence fees
435
140
n.p
n.p
9
n.p
n.p
n.p
626
Other business services
2,064
720
119
52
160
n.p
n.p
13
3,185
Merchanting
93
60
12
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
185
Other trade related services
264
27
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
304
Operational leasing services
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
16
Professional services
511
113
17
2
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
663
Research and Development
84
143
n.p
6
9
n.p
n.p
n.p
248
Architectural, engineering and other technical services
217
153
63
9
91
n.p
n.p
4
589
Agriculture, mining and on-site processing
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
1
n.p
n.p
n.p
29
Services between affiliated enterprises n.i.e
688
154
11
n.p
12
n.p
n.p
n.p
870
Other
199
63
2
3
12
n.p
n.p
2
281
Confidential items - other business services (b)
8
7
14
32
35
n.p
n.p
7
..
Personal, cultural, and recreational services
1,281
74
45
56
n.p
3
n.p
29
1,514
Audiovisual and related services
1206
17
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
1,226
Other personal, cultural and recreational services
75
57
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
288
Government services n.i.e.
35
10
1
51
18
0
231
387
733
Confidential items (b)
0
118
76
11
11
3
69
5
..
Total
15,970
7,092
5,620
937
2,550
155
551
672
33,547

(a) Communication services includes other services n.i.e.
(b) For cells annotated 'n.p.' the data are included in Confidential items


TABLE F6: INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES DEBITS (IMPORTS) BY STATE, 2000-01

NSW
VIC
QLD
SA
WA
TAS
NT
ACT
Australia Total
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m

Transportation
-4,931
-3,074
-1,681
-384
-1,123
-41
-118
0
-11,352
Travel
-4,449
-2,752
-1,632
-516
-1,288
-119
-96
-220
-11,072
Business
-1,227
-727
-346
-107
-270
-23
-21
-65
-2,786
Personal
-3,222
-2,025
-1,286
-409
-1,018
-96
-75
-155
-8,286
Education related
-221
-200
-102
-30
-66
-7
0
-14
-640
Other
-3,001
-1,825
-1,184
-379
-952
-89
-75
-141
-7,646
Communication (a)
-598
-487
-305
-129
-161
-41
-16
-32
-1,770
Construction services
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Insurance services
-843
-35
0
0
0
0
0
0
-878
Financial services
-384
-208
0
0
0
0
0
0
-592
Computer and information services
-721
-89
-12
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
-849
Royalties and licence fees
-1,175
-410
-23
-76
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
-1,706
Other business services
-1,222
-1,288
-168
-115
-256
n.p
n.p
n.p
-3,069
Merchanting and other trade related services
-70
-67
-23
n.p
-32
n.p
n.p
n.p
-248
Operational leasing services
-234
-736
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
-1,011
Professional services
-229
-99
-12
-6
-20
n.p
n.p
n.p
-370
Research and Development
n.p
-61
0
0
-8
n.p
n.p
n.p
-83
Architectural, engineering and other technical services
-143
-71
n.p
-37
-46
n.p
n.p
n.p
-355
Agriculture, mining and on-site processing
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
-123
Services between affiliated enterprises n.i.e
-444
-181
-27
-11
-26
n.p
n.p
n.p
-689
Other
-87
n.p
n.p
-3
-22
n.p
n.p
n.p
-190
Confidential items - other business services (b)
-15
-73
-73
-58
-102
n.p
n.p
n.p
..
Personal, cultural, and recreational services
-561
-141
-1
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
-767
Audiovisual and related services
-516
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
-634
Other personal, cultural and recreational services
-45
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
-133
Government services n.i.e.
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
-626
-626
Confidential items (b)
0
0
0
-72
-27
-3
-16
-15
..
Total
-14,884
-8,484
-3,822
-1,292
-2,855
-204
-246
-893
-32,681

(a) Communication services includes other services n.i.e.
(b) For cells annotated 'n.p.' the data are included in Confidential items

TABLE F7: INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES CREDITS (EXPORTS) BY STATE, 1999-00

NSW
VIC
QLD
SA
WA
TAS
NT
ACT
Australia Total
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m

Transportation
2,816
2,001
1,262
122
584
7
72
0
6,865
Travel
5,372
2,389
3,296
405
1,306
91
141
139
13,139
Business
439
151
295
26
100
7
14
8
1,040
Personal
4,933
2,238
3,001
379
1,206
84
127
131
12,099
Education related
1,267
969
543
165
372
32
9
65
3,422
Other
3,666
1,269
2,458
214
834
52
118
66
8,677
Communication (a)
561
329
231
157
121
32
14
25
1,470
Construction services
16
o
n.p
n.p
7
0
0
0
23
Insurance services
502
264
0
0
0
0
0
0
766
Financial services
502
380
4
0
0
0
0
0
886
Computer and information services
557
97
n.p
10
7
n.p
0
0
719
Royalties and licence fees
426
101
17
n.p
9
n.p
0
n.p
572
Other business services
1,841
650
195
22
137
n.p
n.p
15
2,904
Merchanting
76
49
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
0
283
Other trade related services
187
21
7
n.p
2
n.p
n.p
0
218
Operational leasing services
2
n.p
n.p
0
n.p
n.p
n.p
0
15
Professional services
269
127
10
2
21
n.p
n.p
4
434
Research and Development
108
100
3
5
9
n.p
n.p
n.p
231
Architectural, engineering and other technical services
393
187
37
n.p
52
n.p
n.p
4
700
Agriculture, mining and on-site processing
19
n.p
7
n.p
1
n.p
n.p
n.p
44
Services between affiliated enterprises n.i.e
665
130
12
n.p
11
n.p
n.p
n.p
823
Other
122
24
2
n.p
4
n.p
n.p
1
156
Confidential items - other business services (b)
0
12
117
15
37
n.p
n.p
6
..
Personal, cultural, and recreational services
216
122
n.p
67
16
4
n.p
n.p
478
Audiovisual and related services
127
43
n.p
n.p
n.p
0
n.p
n.p
175
Other personal, cultural and recreational services
89
79
n.p
n.p
n.p
4
n.p
n.p
303
Government services n.i.e.
37
11
2
53
21
0
230
381
735
Confidential items (b)
0
0
76
15
0
17
30
26
..
Total
12,846
6,344
5,083
851
2,208
151
487
586
28,557

(a) Communication services includes other services n.i.e.
(b) For cells annotated 'n.p.' the data are included in Confidential items


TABLE F8: INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES DEBITS (IMPORTS) BY STATE, 1999-00

NSW
VIC
QLD
SA
WA
TAS
NT
ACT
Australia Total
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m

Transportation
-4,404
-2,709
-1,495
-319
-957
-31
-104
0
-10,018
Travel
-3,954
-2,368
-1,483
-458
-1,173
-85
-106
-209
-9,836
Business
-1,127
-651
-326
-93
-240
-11
-24
-64
-2,536
Personal
-2,827
-1,717
-1,157
-365
-933
-74
-82
-145
-7,300
Education related
-209
-154
-104
-32
-57
-6
-7
-24
-593
Other
-2,618
-1,563
-1,053
-333
-876
-68
-75
-121
-6,707
Communication (a)
-561
-464
-287
-120
-150
-37
-16
-31
-1,666
Construction services
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Insurance services
-866
-36
0
0
0
0
0
0
-902
Financial services
-394
-211
0
0
0
0
0
0
-605
Computer and information services
-561
-67
-10
n.p
-8
n.p
0
n.p
-666
Royalties and licence fees
-1,217
-478
-24
-66
-19
n.p
0
n.p
-1,805
Other business services
-1,484
-1,126
-114
-50
-267
n.p
n.p
-3
-3,046
Merchanting and other trade related services
-52
-91
-30
n.p
-23
n.p
n.p
-1
-221
Operational leasing services
n.p
-627
0
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
-942
Professional services
-194
-80
-9
-3
-17
n.p
n.p
n.p
-306
Research and Development
-44
-42
0
n.p
-11
n.p
n.p
n.p
-99
Architectural, engineering and other technical services
-396
-57
-34
-12
-59
n.p
n.p
n.p
-559
Agriculture, mining and on-site processing
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
n.p
-149
Services between affiliated enterprises n.i.e
-426
-144
-32
n.p
-16
n.p
n.p
n.p
-626
Other
-95
n.p
n.p
n.p
-15
n.p
n.p
n.p
-144
Confidential items - other business services (b)
-277
-85
-9
-35
-126
n.p
n.p
-2
..
Personal, cultural, and recreational services
-571
-175
-4
n.p
-1
n.p
n.p
n.p
-808
Audiovisual and related services
-540
n.p
n.p
n.p
0
n.p
n.p
n.p
-683
Other personal, cultural and recreational services
-31
n.p
n.p
n.p
-1
n.p
n.p
n.p
-125
Government services n.i.e.
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
-649
-649
Confidential items (b)
0
0
0
-56
0
-2
-2
-20
..
Total
-14,012
-7,633
-3,417
-1,068
-2,574
-155
-228
-912
-30,001

(a) Communication services includes other services n.i.e.
(b) For cells annotated 'n.p.' the data are included in Confidential items

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