1143.0.55.001 - Directory of Culture and Leisure Statistics, 2002  
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To collect economic and activity data about museums.


The Museums Survey was conducted as part of the Service Industries Surveys in respect of the financial year 2003-04. Its scope was organisations that were engaged in the operation of museums and art galleries which were open to the general public during the 2003-04 reference year. These operations included the display, storage and preservation of museum objects and artworks. The museums included historic trusts and sites, historic societies with a collection, house museums, social and natural history museums, archives (excluding the national and state archives), art galleries (excluding commercial art galleries), keeping places and cultural centres, outdoor museums, science museums, maritime museums, military museums, and transport museums. The sample was selected from organisations classified to the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC) Class 9220 - Museums, and also from other museums registered as having a collection with Australian Museums and Galleries OnLine (AMOL).






Number of museums

The number of museum/gallery establishments operating as at the end of the reference period.

Type of museum

Records the major focus of the museum. The categories of major focus are:
Social history museum
Natural history or science museum
Art museum/gallery
Historic property
Other museums


The total number of museum workers, both employed and volunteer.

Workforce status

Indicates whether museum workers are employed or volunteers.

Main work activity

Records the type of work activity in which museum workers spent the majority of their time. The types of activity are:
Managerial and administrative
Research, collection management and conservation
Exhibition display and design
Security, guides and front-of-house


The collection classifies employed museum workers into a number of categories. These are each in turn classified by whether full-time or part-time. The categories are:
Working proprietors and partners
Employees paid by the museum
Employees paid by a related organisation

Volunteer hours

The number of hours worked by volunteer museum workers during the last month of the reference period.


The items which make up the income of museums are:
Funding from Federal Government
Funding from State/Territory Government
Funding from Local Government
Annual allocations from related private sector organisations
Financial sponsorships
In-kind sponsorships
Other fundraising income
Subscription and membership income
Sales of goods
Other income


The items which make up the expenses of museums include:
Wages and salaries
Employer contributions to superannuation funds
Workers' compensation costs
Fringe benefits tax
Payroll tax
Purchases of art works, artefacts and other museum objects
Conservation expenses
Other repair and maintenance expenses
Exhibition and display development expenses
Advertising, marketing and promotional expenses
Other expense items

Other economic characteristics

Other economic characteristics for which information is available are:
Value of inventories
Value of assets by sub-categories
Value of liabilities by sub-categories
Owners' equity
Capital expenditure on art works, artefacts and other museum objects
Other capital expenditure
Disposal of assets

Weekly hours of operation

The average number of hours per week that the museum was open to the public during the reference period.


Indicates the numbers of paid and free admissions during the reference period.

Special exhibitions

Records the category of origin of special exhibitions or displays held on the museum's premises during the reference period. The categories are:
Exhibitions curated or developed in-house
Touring exhibitions curated or developed elsewhere in Australia
Exhibitions imported from overseas

Exhibitions toured

Indicates the number of special exhibitions curated or developed in-house which were toured to other venues.

Number of museum objects

The number of artefacts, art works and other museum objects held by the museum at the end of the reference period.

Characteristics of museum objects

Museum objects may be categorised by:
Whether on display for public viewing
Whether documented in manual or written form
Whether documented in electronic form or on computer
Whether acquired during the reference period
Whether surveyed or formally assessed for preservation or conservation treatment in the two years to the end of the reference period
Whether requiring preservation or conservation treatment as at the end of the reference period

Characteristics of Internet access

Museums may be categorised by:
Whether they had access to the Internet on their premises as at the end of the reference period
Whether they had their own web site or other web presence as at the end of the reference period
Whether, during the reference period, staff accessed the AMOL web site to care for museum objects

Number of personal computers

The number of personal computers available for use by staff on the museum's premises as at the end of the reference period.

Characteristics of museum administration

Museums may be categorised by whether they had in place, as at the end of the end of the reference period:
A written collection management policy
A written disaster preparedness plan

Organisation size

The size of the organisation in terms of its number of employees. This can be grouped into ranges such as:
Nil employees
100 and more

Geographic area

Data are available for Australia and States and Territories.


The collection was previously conducted in respect of 1996-97 and 1999-2000. Changes to scope and coverage for the 2003-04 collection render the data not directly comparable with data from earlier collections.



Australian Bureau of Statistics 2005, Museums, Australia, 2003-04, Cat. no. 8560.0, ABS, Canberra. Price $18.50. Also available for 1999-2000.
Australian Bureau of Statistics 1998, Libraries and Museums, Australia, 1996-97, Cat. no. 8649.0, ABS, Canberra. Price $17.50.


In the first instance, refer to To obtain data or further information in the Introduction to this directory.

Service Industries Surveys
Australian Bureau of Statistics
Locked Bag 10

Telephone: Canberra 02 6252 5633
Facsimile: Canberra 02 6252 7004
Email: client.services@abs.gov.au

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