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1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 2006  
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Contents >> Chapter 18 - Manufacturing >> Manufactured commodities

MANUFACTURED COMMODITIES

Table 18.15 shows the quantities produced of selected manufactured commodities for the period 2000-01 to 2003-04.

The largest increases in production between 2000-01 and 2003-04 were experienced in the unfortified wines (including red, white and rose wines) and ready mixed concrete. Production of these commodities increased by 36% and 30% respectively.

In the same period, declines in production were recorded for most of the other selected food products and beverages; the largest was for brandy spirit (27%) and butter (24%). These decreases in production were the result of the drought which began to be felt in the manufacturing industry in 2002-03 and continued in 2003-04. The volume of butter and cheese produced which depended on fresh produce fell in both these years. Similarly red meat and chicken meat production fell in 2003-04 after a small increase in 2002-03. Production of brandy and unfortified wine increased by 54% and 35% respectively in 2003-04 after experiencing a fall in 2002-03.

Production levels of major textiles commodities have decreased substantially between 2000-01 to 2003-04. Production of cotton yarns, and wool and man-made fibre tops were respectively 66% and 65% lower in 2003-04 than in 2000-01. The largest decreases in percentage terms for these commodities occurred in 2003-04.

Most petroleum products decreased during 2000-01 to 2003-04, fuel oil production with a decrease of 43% leading this trend. Production of automotive gasoline fell by 0.1% and 3.4% in 2002-03 and 2003-04 after rising by 0.6% in 2001-02. Among the metal products, the largest increase in production was for raw steel (18%).

Production of selected building materials, including portland cement and clay bricks, steadily rose over the 2000-01 to 2003-04 period.

18.15 MANUFACTURING PRODUCTION, Selected commodities

Units
2000-01
2001-02
2002-03
2003-04
Percentage change
from 2000-01
to 2003-04

Selected vehicles
Cars and station wagons for fewer than ten persons
no.
340,099
318,951
358,286
413,655
21.6
Selected food products and beverages
Brandy spirit
'000 L
640
417
302
466
-27.2
Grape spirit
'000 L
4,456
6,731
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
Unfortified wine
'000 L
1,016,306
1,150,854
1,019,393
1,381,064
35.9
Red meat
'000 t
3,200
3,067
3,090
3,000
-6.3
Chicken meat
'000 t
620
667
689
684
10.3
Milk
ML
10,545
11,271
10,326
10,065
-4.6
Cheese
'000 t
376
431
368
364
-3.2
Butter
'000 t
172
178
149
130
-24.4
Beer
ML
1,745
1,744
1,727
1,736
-0.5
Sugar(a)
'000 t
4,162
4,987
5,461
4,994
20.0
Tobacco and cigarettes
t
19,124
18,367
19,561
18,785
-1.8
Selected textiles
Scoured and carbonised wool
t
124,679
99,924
88,663
79,213
-36.5
Wool and man-made fibre tops
t
61,315
53,828
38,903
21,263
-65.3
Wool yarn
t
14,894
15,815
14,546
12,925
-13.2
Cotton yarn
t
33,203
26,926
17,902
11,235
-66.2
Selected petroleum and metal products
Automotive gasoline
ML
17,887
18,000
17,984
17,375
-2.9
Fuel oil
ML
1,951
1,684
1,441
1,105
-43.4
Automotive diesel oil
ML
13,212
13,064
13,335
12,544
-5.1
Aviation turbine fuel
ML
5,836
5,390
5,149
4,964
-14.9
Alumina
'000 t
16,098
16,417
16,413
16,796
4.3
Pig iron
'000 t
6,096
6,169
6,634
6,624
8.7
Raw steel
'000 t
8,003
8,311
9,399
9,445
18.0
Selected paper and wood products
Newsprint
'000 t
391
398
407
421
7.7
Wood pulp
'000 t
895
843
877
869
-2.9
Sawnwood(b)(c)
’000 m3
3,525
3,637
3,732
4,037
14.5
Hardwood woodchips
'000 t
6,401
5,912
7,079
6,892
7.7
Selected building materials
Portland cement
'000 t
6,821
7,236
7,517
8,460
24.0
Clay bricks
m
1,436
1,516
1,639
1,685
17.3
Ready mixed concrete
’000 m3
17,251
19,447
21,003
22,468
30.2

(a) Raw tonnes actual.
(b) Includes Broadleaved and Coniferous.
(c) From July 2000, includes railway sleeper production that can no longer be separately identified.

Source: Australian Wine and Grape Industry, (1329.0); Manufacturing Production, Australia, (8301.0); ABS data available on request, Manufacturing Production Survey; ABARE, Australian Commodity Statistics, 2004; ABARE, Australian Forest and Wood Product Statistics, September and December quarters, 2004.


INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN MANUFACTURED COMMODITIES

Principal commodities exported

Table 18.16 provides details of the 20 main manufacturing commodities exported from Australia, in the period 2000-01 to 2004-05. These commodities contributed 41% in total of the value of all merchandise exports in 2004-05. Manufactured commodities made up 53% of the value of all merchandise exports.

The individual contributions to the total value of exports for most of these selected commodities had fallen to a level where only two commodities in 2004-05 contributed 5% or more of the total merchandise exports - petroleum, petroleum products and related materials (5.4%), and non-ferrous metals (5.3%).

Between 2000-01 and 2004-05, the value of exports for textile fibres and their wastes (not manufactured into yarn or fabric) fell by 41% ($2.3b), while the value of exports for petroleum, petroleum products and related materials fell by 26% ($2.8b). The value of exports of beverages increased by 47% ($0.6b) to $2.8b in 2004-05, representing 2% of the total value of Australian exports. The value of exports of meat and meat preparations also increased by 20% ($1.1b), the largest increase in value terms recorded for these selected commodities in this period.

In 2004-05, the value of exports increased in most of the selected commodities. The largest increase in value terms was for petroleum, petroleum products and related materials ($1.4b, 21%), followed by meat and meat preparations ($1.2b, 21%), and non-ferrous metals ($1.1b, 17%).

18.16 EXPORTS OF SELECTED MANUFACTURED COMMODITIES

Commodities as defined by the Standard International Trade Classification (SITC)
2000-01
2003-04
2004-05
Change from
2000-01 to
2004-05
Change from
2003-04 to
2004-05
Share of
total exports
2004-05
$m
$m
$m
%
%
%

Petroleum, petroleum products and related materials
10,857.8
6,648.5
8,073.0
-25.6
21.4
5.4
Non-ferrous metals
9,403.7
6,815.5
7,950.2
-15.5
16.6
5.3
Meat and meat preparations
5,796.4
5,756.8
6,943.6
19.8
20.6
4.6
Gold, non-monetary (excl. gold ores and concentrates)
5,110.3
5,651.5
5,641.6
10.4
-0.2
3.8
Cereals and cereal preparations
5,936.4
5,094.0
5,159.0
-13.1
1.3
3.5
Road vehicles (incl. air-cushion vehicles)
3,840.5
4,156.8
3,920.2
2.1
-5.7
2.6
Textile fibres and their wastes (not manufactured into yarn or fabric)
5,600.1
3,504.0
3,297.0
-41.1
-5.9
2.2
Medicinal and pharmaceutical products
2,230.5
2,435.0
2,859.6
28.2
17.4
1.9
Beverages
1,931.5
2,636.6
2,836.3
46.8
7.6
1.9
Dairy products and birds' eggs
2,970.9
2,164.9
2,370.0
-20.2
9.5
1.6
Electrical machinery, apparatus, appliances, parts (incl. non-elec. counterparts of electrical domestic equip)
1,719.7
1,463.9
1,572.8
-8.5
7.4
1.1
General industrial machinery and equipment, nes and machine parts, nes
1,220.6
1,229.0
1,436.4
17.7
16.9
1.0
Professional, scientific and controlling instruments and apparatus, nes
1,253.5
1,221.1
1,394.3
11.2
14.2
0.9
Machinery specialised for particular industries
1,344.5
1,144.2
1,254.6
-6.7
9.6
0.8
Fish (not marine mammals), crustaceans, molluscs and aquatic invertebrates, and preparations thereof
1,718.3
1,320.7
1,236.8
-28.0
-6.4
0.8
Office machines and automatic data processing machines
1,563.7
1,213.0
1,144.4
-26.8
-5.7
0.8
Cork and wood
886.4
991.5
1,050.0
18.5
5.9
0.7
Transport equipment (excl. road vehicles)
1,199.8
998.8
1,022.4
-14.8
2.4
0.7
Telecommunications and sound recording and reproducing apparatus and equipment
1,454.5
761.7
914.4
-37.1
20.0
0.6
Non-metallic mineral manufactures, nes
1,025.0
840.6
844.0
-17.7
0.4
0.6

Source: ABS data available on request, International Trade.


Principal commodities imported

Table 18.17 provides details of the 20 main manufactured commodities imported into Australia during the period 2000-01 to 2004-05. These commodities contributed 78% in total of the value of all merchandise imports in 2004-05. Manufactured commodities comprised 92% of the value of all merchandise imports.

In comparing the main commodities Australia exported with the main commodities imported in terms of value, it is apparent many of Australia's manufactured exports are simply transformed manufactured commodities such as food products and metals, while the majority of manufactured imports are elaborately transformed commodities such as machinery and equipment.

The major commodity imported into Australia between 2000-01 and 2004-05 was road vehicles, which represented 13% of the total value of imports in 2004-05. Petroleum, petroleum products and related materials made up 10% of imports.

This has been a period of growth for imports of most of the main manufactured commodities. The value of imports of road vehicles (including air-cushion vehicles), and petroleum, petroleum products and related materials increased by 36% ($5.2b) and 44% ($4.6b), while the value of imports of iron and steel more than doubled over the period.

In 2004-05, the largest increase in the value of imports in percentage terms was for iron and steel (57%, $1.2b), though in value terms, the largest increase was for petroleum, petroleum products and related materials ($5.0b).

18.17 IMPORTS OF SELECTED MANUFACTURED COMMODITIES(a)

Commodities as defined by the Standard International Trade Classification (SITC)
2000-01
2003-04
2004-05
Change from
2000-01 to
2004-05
Change from
2003-04to
2004-05
Share of
total imports
2004-05
$m
$m
$m
%
%
%

Road vehicles (incl. air-cushion vehicles)
14,346.0
17,831.3
19,567.5
36.4
9.7
13.1
Petroleum, petroleum products and related materials
10,369.1
9,919.5
14,954.9
44.2
50.8
10.0
Office machines and automatic data processing machines
8,318.7
7,739.0
8,523.1
2.5
10.1
5.7
Telecommunications and sound recording and reproducing apparatus and equipment
7,929.9
7,480.4
8,568.7
8.1
14.5
5.7
General industrial machinery and equipment, nes and machine parts, n.e.s.
5,726.1
7,033.0
8,113.0
41.7
15.4
5.4
Electrical machinery, apparatus, appliances, parts (incl. non-elec. counterparts of electrical domestic equip)
6,791.2
7,018.0
7,748.5
14.1
10.4
5.2
Medicinal and pharmaceutical products
4,370.0
5,906.2
6,917.2
58.3
17.1
4.6
Machinery specialised for particular industries
3,834.6
5,038.2
5,947.7
55.1
18.1
4.0
Transport equipment (excl. road vehicles)
3,409.2
4,629.2
4,364.2
28.0
-5.7
2.9
Articles of apparel and clothing accessories
3,187.0
3,366.3
3,882.0
21.8
15.3
2.6
Professional, scientific and controlling instruments and apparatus, nes
2,741.9
3,213.5
3,598.9
31.3
12.0
2.4
Manufactures of metals, nes
2,710.0
3,189.6
3,734.3
37.8
17.1
2.5
Power generating machinery and equipment
2,700.2
2,959.7
3,519.3
30.3
18.9
2.4
Gold, non-monetary (excl. gold ores and concentrates)
1,688.3
2,562.3
2,465.6
46.0
-3.8
1.6
Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles, nes, and related products
2,606.9
2,457.4
2,425.2
-7.0
-1.3
1.6
Paper, paperboard, and articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard
2,444.1
2,450.0
2,549.8
4.3
4.1
1.7
Organic chemicals
2,854.2
2,363.1
2,741.7
-3.9
16.0
1.8
Non-metallic mineral manufactures, nes
1,871.2
2,099.1
2,133.2
14.0
1.6
1.4
Iron and steel
1,429.7
2,026.2
3,186.3
122.9
57.3
2.1
Rubber manufactures, nes
1,412.0
1,711.6
1,896.2
34.3
10.8
1.3

(a) Customs value.

Source: ABS data available on request, International Trade.


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