DATA NEEDS IN RELATION TO ‘RISK’ ELEMENT OF THE FRAMEWORK
Measures of the current risk of FDV can be estimated by using data on past levels of, or exposure to, FDV. Key measures required for a defined population, per defined time period, since a defined age, are:
- Number of people who have experienced FDV directly or indirectly, disaggregated by age etc;
- Prevalence rates for victimisation;
- Number of people who have committed FDV-related offences;
- Prevalence rates for offending;
- Number of incidents of FDV;
- Incidence rates (for victimisation and for perpetration); and
- Prevalence rates for people with different characteristics who may have been exposed to some mediating effect/s.
- How big is the problem of FDV in Australia?
- Does the size of the problem vary across different populations groups or communities?
- Does the risk or likelihood of being a victim/perpetrator of FDV increase or decrease significantly through engagement with services, programs and support?
- How likely is it that Australians will be a victim of FDV?
- How likely is it that Australians will be a repeat victim of FDV, and who is likely to experience repeat victimisation?
- How likely is it that Australians will commit FDV-related offences?
- How likely is it that Australians will be a repeat offender of FDV, and who is likely to re-commit these offences?
- What are the characteristics of particular sub-populations that place them at more or less risk of FDV?
- Is there change over time?
- Are victims more likely to repeatedly form relationships that are characterised by violence?
- Is FDV self-perpetuating? Are victims and witnesses of FDV more likely to become future victims or perpetrators of FDV?