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4172.0 - Arts and Culture in Australia: A Statistical Overview, 2011  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 19/12/2011   
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EMPLOYMENT

Census of Population and Housing

Data from the 2006 Census of Population and Housing, which provides details on people's main job, does not separately identify those working in organisations responsible for Nature parks and reserves from those working in other recreational parks and gardens. The broad nature reserves and conservation parks industry employed 6,143 people, of which 1,119 were park rangers, 98 were zookeepers and 41 were urban and regional planners. A majority of people employed in this industry were in non-cultural occupations.

9.8 PERSONS EMPLOYED IN NATURE RESERVES AND CONSERVATION PARKS INDUSTRY(a)(b), By occupation - 2006

Number
%

Cultural occupations
Park rangers
1 119
18.2
Zookeepers
98
1.6
Urban and regional planners
41
0.7
Environmental managers
27
0.4
Landscape architects
9
0.1
Other cultural occupations
89
1.4
Total cultural occupations
1 383
22.5
Other occupations(c)
4 760
77.5
Total occupations
6 143
100.0

(a) Cells in this table have been randomly adjusted to avoid the release of confidential data.
(b) In their main job in the week before Census Night.
(c) Includes not stated and inadequately described.
Source: ABS data available on request, Census of Population and Housing, 2006.


Using Census data it is not possible to separate those working in Zoological gardens from those working in Botanic gardens. However, in the combined zoos and botanic gardens industry, zookeepers (483 people) were the most common cultural occupations. The majority of people (77%) working in this industry were employed in non-cultural occupations.

9.9 PERSONS EMPLOYED IN ZOOS AND BOTANIC GARDENS INDUSTRY(a)(b), By occupation - 2006

Number
%

Cultural occupations
Zookeepers
483
18.8
Park rangers
16
0.6
Landscape architects
6
0.2
Other cultural occupations(c)
90
3.5
Total cultural occupations
595
23.1
Other occupations
1 976
76.9
Total occupations
2 571
100.0

(a) Cells in this table have been randomly adjusted to avoid the release of confidential data.
(b) In their main job in the week before Census Night.
(c) Includes not stated and inadequately described.
Source: ABS data available on request, Census of Population and Housing, 2006.



Work Survey

More information on employment can be obtained from (ABS 2007b) Work in Selected Culture and Leisure Activities, 2007 (cat. no. 6281.0) which collected data on all involvement rather than just the paid employment in main job which is obtained from the Census. The survey found that 94,900 people had some involvement in the operations of national parks and reserves although only 14% received some form of payment. A large number of people also reported unpaid involvement with botanic gardens. Of the estimated 28,200 people working in botanic gardens, 33% received some payment for their involvement.

9.10 PERSONS WITH A WORK INVOLVEMENT IN SELECTED ACTIVITIES(a), By whether paid or unpaid - 2007

Some paid involvement
Unpaid involvement only
Total persons involved(b)
Percentage with some paid involvement
'000
'000
'000
%

National parks and reserves
13.3
81.6
94.9
14.0
Zoological parks and aquariums
*8.1
*5.0
13.1
61.7
Botanic gardens
*9.4
18.0
28.2
33.4

* estimate is subject to sampling variability too high for most practical purposes
(a) In the 12 months before interview in April 2007.
(b) Includes persons who did not state whether involvement was paid.
Source: Work in Selected Culture and Leisure Activities, April 2007 (cat. no. 6281.0).



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