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1308.8 - In fACT - Statistical Information on the ACT and Region, Nov 2008  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 27/11/2008   
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Contents >> People >> Labour Force

LABOUR FORCE

Age groups

Occupation

Industry

Usual hours

Average Weekly Earnings

Underutilisation rate


Age groups

EMPLOYED PERSONS(a), by age

September 2003
September 2007
September 2008
Full time
Part time
Full time
Part time
Full time
Part time
Age group (years)
'000
%
'000
%
'000
%
'000
%
'000
%
'000
%

Australian Capital Territory

15 - 24
18.1
14.0
16.5
36.2
19.8
13.9
16.4
35.6
20.9
14.6
15.2
32.1
25 - 34
35.3
27.3
6.3
13.7
36.9
26.0
6.3
13.7
38.5
26.8
7.0
14.9
35 - 44
30.7
23.7
9.3
20.4
33.7
23.7
8.5
18.4
33.1
23.1
8.7
18.4
45 - 54
31.8
24.6
7.7
16.8
34.0
23.9
6.6
14.4
32.8
22.9
7.5
16.0
55 - 64
12.6
9.8
4.6
10.0
16.8
11.8
6.2
13.5
16.7
11.7
6.9
14.6
65 and over
*0.9
0.7
*1.3
3.0
*1.1
0.8
2.0
4.4
*1.4
1.0
1.9
4.0
Total
129.4
100.0
45.6
100.0
142.2
100.0
46.0
100.0
143.5
100.0
47.1
100.0

Australia

15 - 24
909.8
13.5
770.2
28.5
1 033.0
13.9
818.7
27.7
1 059.7
13.9
831.3
27.5
25 - 34
1 736.0
25.8
444.3
16.4
1 819.6
24.4
437.4
14.8
1 867.8
24.4
447.9
14.8
35 - 44
1 719.2
25.5
597.1
22.1
1 806.8
24.3
627.6
21.2
1 838.4
24.0
628.1
20.8
45 - 54
1 596.4
23.7
502.9
18.6
1 748.4
23.5
555.3
18.8
1 803.1
23.6
556.4
18.4
55 - 64
697.4
10.4
304.0
11.2
923.8
12.4
393.7
13.3
955.3
12.5
418.4
13.9
65 and over
74.0
1.1
85.0
3.1
113.0
1.5
122.5
4.1
124.9
1.6
138.7
4.6
Total
6 732.7
100.0
2 703.5
100.0
7 444.5
100.0
2 955.2
100.0
7 649.1
100.0
3 020.8
100.0

(a) Annual averages.
Source: Labour Force, Australia, Detailed - Electronic Delivery (cat. no. 6291.0.55.001).


Employed full time

The number of Australian Capital Territory (ACT) usual residents employed full time in the 12 months ending September 2008 was 143,500, similar from the previous year (142,200), and up 11% (14,100) from the 12 months ending September 2003 (129,400). The average number of people employed full time in Australia (Aust.) in the 12 months ending September 2008 was 7.6 million up 3% (204,600) from the year to September 2007 (7.4 million), and up 14% (916,400) from the year to September 2003 (6.7 million).

Key highlights for the ACT:

  • The number of people employed full time aged 25-34 years was higher than any other age group. Nationally, the proportions were more consistent across persons aged 25-34, 35-44 and 45-54.
  • Although similar to the year ended September 2007, the 55-64 year age group made up nearly 2 percentage points more of the ACT workforce, in the year to September 2008 relative to the year ended September 2003 (12% versus 10%). Again this was similar to what happened nationally (13% in 2008 versus 10% in 2003).
  • In the latest month the proportion of persons aged 15-34 years was 41%, compared to 38% nationally. This pattern was consistent with the previous two periods shown.

Employed part time

The number of ACT usual residents employed part time in the 12 months ending September 2008 was 47,100, up slightly from the previous year (46,000). Nationally, the average number of people employed part time in 2008 was 3.0 million up 2% (65,600) from 2007.

Key highlights for the ACT:
  • The proportion of people employed part time aged 15-24 years has been consistently higher than any other age group, in the ACT and nationally. However, it has been declining in the ACT from 36% in 2003 to 32% in 2008. Nationally the fall was only one percentage point (29% to 28% between 2003 and 2008).
  • The 55-64 years age group experienced an increase, from 10% of total part-time employed persons to 15% of total part-time employed persons between 2003 and 2008. Nationally, there was also a proportionate rise in this age group, although not as strong (11% to 14%).


Occupation

EMPLOYED PERSONS(a): Australian Capital Territory

August 2003
August 2008
Occupation major group(b)
'000
%
'000
%

Managers and Administrators
14.0
8.0
21.4
11.2
Professionals
52.3
30.0
53.7
28.2
Associate Professionals
22.8
13.1
30.5
16.0
Tradespersons and Related Workers
14.4
8.3
14.7
7.7
Advanced Clerical and Service Workers
5.3
3.1
6.5
3.4
Intermediate Clerical, Sales and Service Workers
34.9
20.0
34.9
18.3
Intermediate Production and Transport Workers
6.6
3.8
6.1
3.2
Elementary Clerical, Sales and Service Workers
16.8
9.6
15.1
7.9
Labourers and Related Workers
7.3
4.2
7.4
3.9
Total
174.4
100.0
190.4
100.0

(a) Annual average of quarterly data.
(b) Classified according to the Australian Standard Classification of Occupations (ASCO), Second Edition, 1997.
Source: Labour Force, Australia, Detailed, Quarterly (cat. no 6291.0.55.003).


Based on occupation by major group, Professionals made up the largest proportion of employed persons in the ACT for the year ending August quarter 2008 (28%). The group with the largest increase over five years (2003 to 2008) was Associate Professionals, with 7,700 more persons employed in the year ending August quarter 2008 than over the same period for 2003. The group with the largest percentage increase was Managers and Administrators, (53% or 7,400 persons). The group experiencing the largest decrease was Elementary Clerical, Sales and Service Workers, falling 10% from the year ending August quarter 2003 (1,700 persons).


Industry

EMPLOYED PERSONS(a), by industry: Australian Capital Territory

August 2003
August 2008
Industry division(b)
'000
%
'000
%

Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing
*0.5
0.3
*0.3
0.2
Mining
-
-
-
-
Manufacturing
5.4
3.1
3.8
2.0
Electricity, Gas and Water Supply
*1.2
0.7
*1.1
0.6
Construction
10.1
5.8
15.1
7.9
Wholesale Trade
2.9
1.7
3.0
1.6
Retail Trade
22.1
12.7
18.2
9.5
Accommodation, Cafes and Restaurants
8.5
4.9
9.3
4.9
Transport and Storage
3.7
2.1
4.5
2.4
Communication Services
3.5
2.0
2.7
1.4
Finance and Insurance
2.8
1.6
5.1
2.7
Property and Business Services
24.2
13.9
26.8
14.1
Government Administration and Defence
44.0
25.2
53.1
27.9
Education
14.7
8.5
14.5
7.6
Health and Community Services
15.2
8.7
16.1
8.5
Cultural and Recreational Services
6.9
3.9
7.8
4.1
Personal and Other Services
8.5
4.9
8.9
4.7
Total
174.4
100.0
190.4
100.0

* estimate is subject to sampling variability too high for most practical purposes
- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
(a) Annual average of quarterly data.
(b) Classified according to the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC), 1993 edition.
Source: Labour Force, Australia, Detailed, Quarterly (cat. no. 6291.0.55.003).


Based on employment by industry division the largest employer in the ACT for the 12 months ending August quarter 2008 was Government Administration and Defence (53,000). This was also the industry with the largest increase between 12 months ended August 2003 and 12 months ended August 2008 (9,100 persons). The industry with the largest percentage increase was Finance and Insurance (82% or 2,300 persons). Manufacturing had the largest percentage decrease (30% or 1,600 persons).


Usual hours

EMPLOYED PERSONS(a), by usual hours worked

September 2008
Full time
Part time
'000
%
'000
%

Australian Capital Territory

0 hours
-
-
*0.3
0.7
1-15 hours
*0.2
0.2
19.3
40.9
16-29 hours
*0.8
0.6
18.8
39.8
30-34 hours
*1.1
0.8
8.8
18.6
35-39 hours
52.9
36.9
-
-
40 hours
39.9
27.8
-
-
41-44 hours
8.2
5.7
-
-
45-49 hours
16.6
11.6
-
-
50-59 hours
16.5
11.5
-
-
60 or more hours
7.1
5.0
-
-
Total
143.5
100.0
47.1
100.0

Australia

0 hours
*3.0
-
24.4
0.8
1-15 hours
13.0
0.2
1 155.2
38.2
16-29 hours
49.9
0.7
1 302.0
43.1
30-34 hours
74.4
1.0
539.2
17.9
35-39 hours
2 265.3
29.6
-
-
40 hours
2 268.2
29.7
-
-
41-44 hours
334.3
4.4
-
-
45-49 hours
836.0
10.9
-
-
50-59 hours
1 051.5
13.7
-
-
60 or more hours
753.5
9.9
-
-
Total
7 649.1
100.0
3 020.8
100.0

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
(a) Annual average monthly data.
Source: Labour Force, Australia, Detailed - Electronic Delivery (cat. no. 6291.0.55.001).


Usual hours worked by employed persons, on average, during the 12 months ending September 2008 differed between the ACT and Aust. A smaller proportion of full-time workers in the ACT worked 41 hours or more per week (34%) compared with Aust. (39%), while a larger proportion worked between 35-40 hours than the national average (ACT 65%, Aust. 59%). In the 12 months ending September 2008 the most common hours usually worked by people employed part time in the ACT were 1-15 hours (41%) and 16-29 hours (40%). Nationally, the largest proportion of part-time employed people worked 16-29 hours per week (43%).


Average weekly earnings

AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS: Trend

August 2007
August 2008

Australian Capital Territory

Earnings $
1 029.7
1 086.5
Percentage change from previous quarter %
0.8
1.3
Percentage change from corresponding quarter of previous year %
-1.2
5.5

Australia

Earnings $
869.3
897.9
Percentage change from previous quarter %
0.9
0.9
Percentage change from corresponding quarter of previous year %
4.6
3.3

Source: Average Weekly Earnings, Australia (cat. no. 6302.0).


In trend terms, Average Weekly Earnings (AWE) for the ACT in August 2008 were $189 higher than the national average of $898 at $1,087. This was an increase of 1.3% from May 2008. AWE increased 5.5% between August 2007 and August 2008 for the ACT, from $1,030 to $1,087. The increase over the same period for Aust. was 3.3%, bringing AWE from ($869 to $898).


Underutilisation rate

LABOUR FORCE UNDERUTILISATION RATE(a)(b): Trend
Graph: LABOUR FORCE UNDERUTILISATION RATE(a)(b): Trend


In trend terms, the underutilisation rates for the ACT and Aust. declined gradually between August 2001 and August 2008. The national underutilisation rate fell by 4.2 percentage points, from 14.2% in August 2001 to 10.0% in August 2008. The ACT underutilisation rate fell by 2.9 percentage points, from 10.6% to 7.7% over the same period. The ACT underutilisation rate was generally between 3 and 4 percentage points lower than the national rate over the period.


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