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During 2008-09, total expenditure on electricity and fuels was $75.0b with large businesses accounting for $49.1b (or 66%) of this total. This expenditure was dominated by electricity and non-renewable fuels. Total expenditure on non-renewable fuels included $17.5b on diesel, $13.0b on electricity and $5.9b on natural gas. A total of $29b was spent on other non-renewable fuels (excluding LPG, Petrol, Coal, coke and coal by-products), largely crude oil used by the petroleum industry.
The Manufacturing industry accounted for $33.4b (or 45%) of the total expenditure on electricity and fuels. This comprised $4.6b on electricity and $4.0b on natural gas, as well as $21.1b on other non-renewable fuels (excluding LPG, Petrol, Coal, coke and coal by-products). The Transport, postal and warehousing industry was the second largest contributor to electricity and fuel expenditure, accounting for $12.0b (or 16%) of the total.
Renewable fuels, which includes liquid biofuel, biogas, bagasse and wood/wood waste, accounted for $60m of all business expenditure on energy.
ELECTRICITY AND GAS
During 2008-09, businesses purchased 142,506 GWh of electricity which equated to $13.0b in expenditure. Large businesses accounted for 87,993 GWh (or 62%) of all electricity purchased by businesses, and accounted for $6.6b (or 51%) of the total expenditure on electricity. Small businesses accounted for 32,931 GWh (or 23%) of the electricity purchases and $3.6b (or 28%) of business expenditure on electricity.
For the same period, the Manufacturing industry accounted for the highest quantity (68,940 GWh or 48%) and purchases ($4.6b or 35%) of all industries expenditure on electricity. The Mining industry was the next largest, accounting for 14,772 GWh (or 10%) and $1.1b (or 8%) of the quantity and value respectively. Retail trade was third largest accounting for 13,582 GWh (or 10%) and $1.4b (or 11%) respectively.
During 2008-09, expenditure by businesses on GreenPower electricity accounted for $0.1b (or 1%) of total business expenditure on electricity. GreenPower includes accredited hydroelectric and wind power generated electricity.
During 2008-09, businesses purchased 730 PJ of natural gas which equated to $5.9b of expenditure. Large businesses accounted for 548 PJ (or 75%) of total purchases and $3b (or 51%) of total business expenditure on natural gas. In comparison, small businesses accounted for 82 PJ (or 11% ) of the total purchases and $2.3b (or 39%) of the total business expenditure on natural gas.
Australian businesses purchased 142,506 GWh of electricity in 2008-09. Large businesses accounted for 62% of this quantity, compared with 51% of the total expenditure on electricity. Small businesses purchased 23% of the total electricity quantity and 28% of expenditure, and medium-sized businesses purchased 15% of the quantity and 22% of expenditure on electricity.
The Manufacturing industry accounted for 372 PJ (or 51%) of all natural gas purchases by businesses, and contributed $4b (or 67%) to total natural gas expenditure during 2008-09. The second largest consumer of natural gas was the Electricity, gas and waste services industry which purchased 212 PJ (or 29% ) and accounted for $1.0b (or 17%) of total business expenditure on natural gas for the year.
During 2008-09, Australian businesses generated 261,053 GWh of electricity with 90% generated by the Electricity, gas and waste services industry.
Of the total electricity generated, 93% (or 243,474 GWh) used non-renewable fuels including Coal, coke or coal by-products (70% or 186,134 GWh) and Natural Gas (19% or 48,361 GWh). The remaining 7% of electricity generated (17,579 GWh) was sourced from renewables, with hydroelectricity (11,849 GWh) the predominant source.
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