Australian Bureau of Statistics
4156.0.55.001 - Perspectives on Sport, Nov 2011
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 28/11/2011
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WHO DOESN'T PARTICIPATE IN SPORT OR PHYSICAL RECREATION?
Since the previous survey conducted in 2005-06, the following changes were observed:
Women were less likely to participate in sport and physical recreation than men in all age groups. An exception was found in the 55 to 64 year age group, where men had a significantly higher non-participation rate (38%) than women (33%). The non-participation rate in sport and physical recreation was significantly higher in women aged 15 to 17 years (26%) than men of the same age (13%).
State or Territory of Usual Residence
The highest non-participation rate in sport and physical recreation for women was in South Australia (37%). Men who lived in the Australian Capital Territory had a lower non-participation rate (19%) than men who lived in the other states.
Country of Birth
People who were born in overseas countries had a higher non-participation rate in sport and physical recreation (40%) than people who were born in Australia (30%).
While differences in rates of non-participation between males and females for those born overseas were not significant at a national level, there were significant differences at a state level. Women had higher non-participation rates in sport and physical recreation than men in both New South Wales (44% compared with 36%) and Victoria (47% compared with 39%).
Comparing men and women who were born in non main English-speaking countries, the non-participation rate for women was significantly higher than for men in New South Wales (52% compared with 39%).
People who were not in the labour force had a significantly higher non-participation rate in sport and physical recreation (44%) than people who were employed (27%) or unemployed (31%). When comparing men and women who were not in the labour force, women had a higher non-participation rate than men (46% and 42% respectively).
The number of Australian children who are overweight or obese has risen in recent years. The ABS 2007-2008 National Health Survey (cat. no. 4364.0) found that the total proportion of overweight and obese children in Australia aged 5 to 17 years in 1995 was 21% and by 2007-2008 this figure had increased to 25%. Studies have shown that once children become obese they are more likely to stay obese into adulthood and have an increased risk of developing diseases associated with obesity (End Note 4). The absence of adequate physical activity for children is of concern.
According to the ABS 2009 Survey of Children's Participation in Cultural and Leisure Activities (cat. no. 4901.0), children aged between 5 and 14 years who had not participated in organised sport outside of school hours were likely to have one or more of the following characteristics:
Since the previous survey conducted in 2006, the following changes were found:
Overall, girls were less likely to participate in organised sport than boys in all age groups. Generally, children aged 5 to 8 years had higher non-participation rates (42%) than children aged 9 to 11 years (32%) and 12 to 14 years (35%). Girls aged 9 to 11 years were more likely to participate in organised sport with a non-participation rate of 35%, than girls who were aged 5 to 8 years and 12 to 14 years (49% and 45% respectively). Boys aged 5 to 8 years were less likely to participate than boys in other age groups, with a non-participation rate of 36%.
State or Territory of Usual Residence
Girls had higher non-participation rates in organised sport than boys in all states, however, this difference was negligible in South Australia, Tasmania and the Australia Capital Territory. Boys who lived in Tasmania had significantly higher non-participation in organised sport (40%) compared with boys living in Victoria (28%) and New South Wales (30%).
Country of Birth
Children who were born in non main English-speaking countries had a significantly higher non-participation rate in organised sport (60%) than children who were born in Australia (36%). For girls who were born overseas, their non-participation rate was (61%) compared with girls who were born in Australia (42%).
Both boys and girls who were part of a one-parent family were less likely to participate in organised sport (40% and 56% respectively) than those who lived in couple families (28% and 40% respectively).
Parent Employment Status
Parental employment status did not seem to affect the fact that girls had a significantly higher non-participation rate than boys (44% and 30% respectively).
1. Australian Medical Association, 'Obesity epidemic for Australians', viewed 7/10/2011
2. The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. 2010. 'Obesity and the Economics of Prevention: Fit not Fat - Australia Key Facts'. viewed 10/10/11
3. Victorian Government and Deakin University. 'Obesity' . Better Health Channel. viewed 28/9/11
4. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. 2004. 'Risk Factor Monitoring, A Rising Epidemic: Obesity in Australian Children and Adolescents'. viewed 6/10/11 <http://www.aihw.gov.au/WorkArea/DownloadAsset.aspx?id=6442471181>.
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This page last updated 12 July 2012