Australian Bureau of Statistics
3309.0 - Suicides, Australia, 2010
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 24/07/2012
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ABORIGINAL AND TORRES STRAIT ISLANDER SUICIDE DEATHS
There were 996 suicide deaths registered across Australia between 2001 and 2010 where the deceased person was identified as being of Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander origin. This represented approximately 5% of all suicide deaths registered in this period. Suicides accounted for 4.2% of all registered deaths of people identified as Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander in 2010, compared with 1.6% for all Australians.
This chapter will focus on the 946 suicide deaths registered in New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia and the Northern Territory for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples over this decade. Data for Victoria, Tasmania and the Australian Capital Territory have been excluded to ensure that the information presented is statistically robust. This is in line with reporting approaches currently recommended by the Council of Australian Governments and the National Indigenous Reform Agreement Performance Information Management Group.
This chapter presents the total number of suicide deaths, age-specific death rates and rate ratios by sex for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and non-Indigenous people in New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia and the Northern Territory over the period 2001 to 2010.
Further data relating to suicide deaths of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people can be found in the data cubes associated with this publication. These include counts and age-standardised death rates for Australia for 2001 to 2010, and counts of suicide deaths by capital city Statistical Division, other urban and rest of state/territory for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and non-Indigenous people for New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia and the Northern Territory.
A variety of measures of mortality (including age-specific death rates and median age at death) indicate that the incidence of suicide among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people is substantially higher than it is in the non-Indigenous population. However, the exact scale of difference between the suicide rates for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander and non-Indigenous people is difficult to establish conclusively.
Caution should be exercised when undertaking analysis of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander deaths and, in particular, trends in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander mortality. This is due to data quality issues, including the under identification of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in deaths data and the uncertainties inherent with estimating and projecting the size and structure of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population over time.
For further information on data quality issues associated with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander deaths, see Causes of Death, Australia, 2010 (cat. no. 3303.0) Explanatory Notes 74-83.
Footnote(s): (a) Includes ICD-10 codes X60-X84 and Y87.0. Care needs to be taken in interpreting figures relating to suicide. See Causes of Death, Australia, 2010 (cat. no. 3303.0) Explanatory Notes 98-101. (b) Rate per 100,000 estimated resident population for each age group and sex. (c) All causes of death data from 2006 onward are subject to a revisions process - once data for a reference year are 'final', they are no longer revised. Affected data in this table are: 2006 (final) 2007 (final), 2008 (final), 2009 (revised), 2010 (preliminary). See Causes of Death, Australia, 2009 (cat. no. 3303.0) Technical Note and Explanatory Notes for further information. (d) Rates were not calculated for Indigenous females aged 55 years and above due to the small number of suicide deaths which occurred in these age groups.
Source(s): Suicides, Australia
This page last updated 1 November 2012
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