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3218.0 - Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2012-13 Quality Declaration 
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 03/04/2014   
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Population change

State and territory highlights

Capital city growth

Outer suburban growth

Inner-city growth

Urban infill

Growth along the coast

Growth in inland areas

Population decline

Population change by Remoteness Areas

Population density

Centre of population


POPULATION CHANGE

Australia's estimated resident population (ERP) reached 23.1 million at 30 June 2013, increasing by 407,000 people (1.8%) since 30 June 2012.

All states and territories experienced population growth between 2012 and 2013. Victoria had the greatest growth (up by 106,800 people), followed by New South Wales (103,200) and Queensland (88,600).

Western Australia grew fastest, increasing by 3.3%, followed by the Northern Territory (2.1%), Queensland and Victoria (both 1.9%). The remaining states and territories grew below the Australian rate: the Australian Capital Territory by 1.7%, New South Wales by 1.4%, South Australia by 0.9%, and Tasmania by 0.2%.

Within the states and territories, population growth tended to be most prominent in outer suburbs, inner cities, urban infill areas and along the coast. Areas that declined include regional areas and long-established suburbs within capital cities. This can be seen in the following map which shows the population change of Statistical Areas Level 2 (SA2s) over this period.

POPULATION CHANGE BY SA2, Australia - 2012-13
Diagram: POPULATION CHANGE BY SA2, Australia—2012–13



STATE AND TERRITORY HIGHLIGHTS

New South Wales
  • Parklea - Kellyville Ridge was the largest- and fastest-growing SA2 in New South Wales in the year to 2013, up by 3,400 people (13%).
  • The four most densely-populated SA2s in Australia at June 2013 all surrounded Sydney's central business district, including Pyrmont - Ultimo, at 14,300 people per sq km.


Victoria
  • The SA2s of Melbourne and nearby Abbotsford were the fastest-growing in Victoria in 2012-13, increasing by 23% and 20% respectively.
  • South Morang had the largest growth of all SA2s in Australia, increasing by 5,700 people to reach 51,000.


Queensland
  • Ipswich had the largest and fastest population increase of all SA4s in Greater Brisbane in 2012-13, up by 9,100 people (3.0%).
  • The Gold Coast and Sunshine Coast SA4s accounted for 40% (17,300 people) of the growth outside of Greater Brisbane. The SA4s of Fitzroy, Mackay and Townsville, along the central Queensland coast, accounted for a further 34% (14,700 people).


South Australia
  • Northgate - Oakden - Gilles Plains in Greater Adelaide's north-east, had the largest growth in South Australia in the year to 2013, up by 670 people.
  • Munno Para West - Angle Vale was the fastest-growing SA2 in the state, increasing by 7.3% to 9,200 people.


Western Australia
  • Greater Perth grew by 67,500 people and was the fastest-growing capital city in the country in 2012-13, up by 3.5%.
  • Baldivis in Greater Perth's south-west had the largest growth in the state, increasing by 3,200 people.


Tasmania
  • In 2012-13, the population increased in three of the four Tasmanian SA4s. The largest growth was in Hobart (up by 1,100 people).
  • Of all the states and territories, Tasmania had the highest proportion of its population residing outside of the Greater Capital City (58%) at June 2013.


Northern Territory
  • Rosebery - Bellamack (up by 14%) and Lyons (10%), both in Greater Darwin, were the fastest-growing SA2s in the Northern Territory in 2012-13.
  • The SA2s with the largest growth in the Northern Territory were Rosebery - Bellamack (up by 630 people) and Palmerston South (350).


Australian Capital Territory
  • The combined population of the Australian Capital Territory's northern SA3s increased by 6,100 people in the year to 2013, while the southern SA3s grew by 230.
  • The SA3 with the largest growth in the Australian Capital Territory was Gungahlin, increasing by 4,300 people.


CAPITAL CITY GROWTH

At June 2013, 15.3 million people, close to two-thirds of Australia's population, resided in a Greater Capital City. The combined population of Greater Capital Cities increased by 313,400 people in the 12 months to 2013.

Melbourne had the largest growth of all Greater Capital Cities, increasing by 95,500 people, followed by Sydney (81,000), Perth (67,500) and Brisbane (45,100). Melbourne grew by an average of more than 1,800 people per week, while Sydney increased by over 1,500 people per week.

The population of Australia's Greater Capital Cities grew by 2.1%, faster than the rest of the country (1.2%). Perth had the fastest growth of all Greater Capital Cities, up by 3.5%, ahead of Darwin (3.0%) and Melbourne (2.2%). The slowest-growing Greater Capital City was Hobart, at 0.5%.

OUTER SUBURBAN GROWTH

Many areas which experienced strong growth were located on the fringes of capital cities, where more land tends to be available for subdivision and housing development. South Morang, on the northern outskirts of Greater Melbourne, had the largest growth in the country in 2012-13, increasing by 5,700 people. Point Cook, on the southern fringe of Greater Melbourne, and Craigieburn - Mickleham in the north, also had large growth, each growing by 3,200 people.

The SA2 in New South Wales with both the largest and fastest population increase was Parklea - Kellyville Ridge in the north-west growth corridor of Greater Sydney, which grew by 3,400 people (13%).

In Western Australia, the SA2s of Baldivis on the southern outskirts of Greater Perth, and Ellenbrook in the north-east, recorded the largest growth in the state, increasing by 3,200 and 2,500 people respectively.

In Queensland, the outer suburban SA2 of North Lakes - Mango Hill in the north of Greater Brisbane had growth amongst the largest in the state, up by 1,900 people. Lockyer Valley - East (up by 860 people) and Springfield Lakes (850), both in the SA4 of Ipswich, also had relatively large growth.

Outer suburban areas in the smaller capital cities also had some of the strongest growth in their states or territories. In the Australian Capital Territory, the northern fringe suburbs of Bonner (up by 1,200 people), Casey (830) and Harrison (700) had the largest growth. In South Australia, the outer-Adelaide SA2s of Munno Para West - Angle Vale and Seaford both grew by 630 people. Rosebery - Bellamack on the outskirts of Greater Darwin also added 630 people, giving it the largest growth in the Northern Territory. In Tasmania, outer suburban Margate - Snug had the largest growth in the state, increasing by 140 people.

INNER-CITY GROWTH

The inner-city SA2s of Melbourne and Southbank had population increases amongst the largest in Australia between 2012 and 2013, increasing by 5,400 and 2,100 people respectively. Other inner-city areas to experience large growth included Perth City (up by 1,700 people), Waterloo - Beaconsfield (1,100) in Greater Sydney, and the SA2s of Docklands (990), North Melbourne (970) and Carlton (940), which all surround Melbourne's central business district.

Of all inner-city SA2s, Melbourne was the fastest-growing, increasing by 23% to 29,300 people. Also in Greater Melbourne, the inner-city areas of Docklands and adjoining Southbank grew rapidly, both up by 15%.

URBAN INFILL

Urban infill is the development of a site within an already-developed area, either by building housing on land that was previously vacant or used for non-residential purposes, or by replacing low-density housing with higher-density dwellings. Infill development is becoming more common on transport corridors, near commercial hubs, and in suburbs where there are older houses on large blocks of land.

In addition to some inner-city areas, urban infill contributed to strong population growth in 2012-13 in SA2s such as Concord West - North Strathfield (up by 1,300 people) and Parramatta - Rosehill (1,600) in New South Wales, and Footscray (930) and Dandenong (920) in Victoria. Other areas where urban infill contributed to large growth included Cannington - Queens Park (up by 1,000 people) and Nollamara - Westminster (760) in Western Australia, and Woodville - Cheltenham (470) in South Australia.

GROWTH ALONG THE COAST

Generally, the most prominent growth outside of capital cities between 2012 and 2013 occurred along the coast of Australia, particularly in Queensland. The SA2 of Upper Coomera - Willow Vale on the Gold Coast, had the largest increase outside of Australia's capitals, up by 2,100 people. This was followed by Deeragun, west of Townsville's central business district, which grew by 1,500 people. Several other SA2s on Queensland's Gold Coast experienced large growth, including Coomera (up by 770 people), Ormeau - Yatala (650) and Pacific Pines - Gaven (620).

In Western Australia, the southern coastal areas of Busselton and Australind - Leschenault grew by 1,000 and 800 people respectively, while in the north, Karratha increased by 1,000 people and Broome by 800.

The coastal SA2 of Torquay in Geelong had the largest growth in Victoria outside of Greater Melbourne, up by 800 people. The nearby SA2s of Highton (up by 660 people), Leopold and Grovedale (both 520) also had large increases.

In New South Wales, the coastal areas of Wollongong and Shellharbour - Flinders, both in the Illawarra region, increased by 530 and 510 people respectively.

GROWTH IN INLAND AREAS

Some inland SA2s outside of capital cities had large growth in the 12 months to 2013, including Wodonga in Victoria, which increased by 630 people. Also in Victoria, large inland growth occurred in Drouin (590) in West Gippsland, and Mildura (510), while in New South Wales, Bathurst and Orange - North increased by 480 and 470 respectively. Other inland areas to experience large growth included the Queensland town of Emerald (up by 600 people) in the Fitzroy region, and Northam (570) in Western Australia's northern wheatbelt region.

Rapid growth also occurred in some of the country's inland SA2s, including Bannockburn (up by 7.6%), Alfredton (5.4%) and White Hills - Ascot (4.9%) in Victoria, and Chittering (5.6%) and Northam (5.1%) in Western Australia.

POPULATION DECLINE

Many of the largest population declines in 2012-13 were in regional areas, including the SA2s of Wagga Wagga Region (down by 240 people), which surrounds the town of Wagga Wagga, and Grafton (down by 220), both in New South Wales. Other regional SA2s with large declines included Glenelg (down by 170 people) and Moe - Newborough (down by 160) in Victoria, and Burdekin (down by 140) in Queensland.

A number of long-established areas within Australia's greater capital cites also declined in population. One explanation for this is that the population of these areas has aged and as households have moved through the life cycle, they have reduced in size as children have moved away from home.

In Melbourne's south-east, Endeavour Hills declined by 210 people, while on the northern outskirts of Melbourne, Mill Park - North and Mill Park - South each decreased by 190. Other SA2s with large declines included Claymore - Eagle Vale - Raby (down by 190 people) in Sydney's outer south-west, Kambah (down by 160) in the Australian Capital Territory's south, and Redwood Park (down by 90) in Adelaide's north-east.

POPULATION CHANGE BY REMOTENESS AREAS

The Remoteness Structure of the Australian Statistical Geography Standard identifies five Remoteness Area (RA) categories for Australia, ranging from Major Cities to Very Remote. As at June 2013, 71% of the population resided in Major Cities. In comparison, just 2.3% lived in Remote or Very Remote Australia. Major Cities were the fastest-growing type of RA in Australia, up 2.0% in the year to June 2013. The remaining RAs grew slower than Australia as a whole (1.8%), with Outer Regional areas growing at the lowest rate (0.9%).

The state or territory (excluding the Australian Capital Territory) with the highest proportion of its population living in Major Cities was Western Australia at 77%, while Tasmania was the state with the highest proportion living in Inner Regional areas (66%), which includes Hobart. Of all the states and territories, the Northern Territory had the highest proportion in Outer Regional areas (57%), which includes Darwin, as well as Remote (21%) and Very Remote (23%) areas.

Within the states and territories (excluding the Australian Capital Territory), Major Cities had the fastest growth in New South Wales, Victoria and Queensland. In South Australia, Western Australia and Tasmania, Inner Regional areas were the fastest-growing, while in the Northern Territory, Outer Regional areas grew the fastest.

ESTIMATED RESIDENT POPULATION BY REMOTENESS STRUCTURE(a)

ERP AT 30 JUNE
CHANGE
2012r
2013p
2012r-2013p
no.
no.
no.
%

NSW
Major Cities
5 407 503
5 496 578
89 075
1.6
Inner Regional
1 415 646
1 429 580
13 934
1.0
Outer Regional
444 953
444 928
-25
-
Remote
30 619
30 834
215
0.7
Very Remote
8 462
8 479
17
0.2
Total
7 307 183
7 410 399
103 216
1.4
Vic.
Major Cities
4 297 669
4 393 319
95 650
2.2
Inner Regional
1 084 528
1 096 069
11 541
1.1
Outer Regional
245 605
245 367
-238
-0.1
Remote
4 719
4 586
-133
-2.8
Total
5 632 521
5 739 341
106 820
1.9
Qld
Major Cities
2 830 481
2 888 985
58 504
2.1
Inner Regional
927 533
944 202
16 669
1.8
Outer Regional
672 170
684 568
12 398
1.8
Remote
79 169
79 841
672
0.8
Very Remote
58 852
59 207
355
0.6
Total
4 568 205
4 656 803
88 598
1.9
SA
Major Cities
1 214 225
1 226 770
12 545
1.0
Inner Regional
179 360
181 273
1 913
1.1
Outer Regional
202 117
202 204
87
-
Remote
45 429
45 694
265
0.6
Very Remote
14 904
14 886
-18
-0.1
Total
1 656 035
1 670 827
14 792
0.9
WA
Major Cities
1 867 640
1 932 792
65 152
3.5
Inner Regional
219 161
227 888
8 727
4.0
Outer Regional
184 919
187 967
3 048
1.6
Remote
101 255
103 881
2 626
2.6
Very Remote
65 019
66 793
1 774
2.7
Total
2 437 994
2 519 321
81 327
3.3
Tas.
Inner Regional
335 726
336 869
1 143
0.3
Outer Regional
165 596
165 682
86
0.1
Remote
8 365
8 219
-146
-1.7
Very Remote
2 419
2 389
-30
-1.2
Total
512 106
513 159
1 053
0.2
NT
Outer Regional
132 321
136 245
3 924
3.0
Remote
49 258
49 694
436
0.9
Very Remote
54 302
54 820
518
1.0
Total
235 881
240 759
4 878
2.1
ACT
Major Cities
374 558
380 700
6 142
1.6
Inner Regional
625
788
163
26.1
Total
375 183
381 488
6 305
1.7
Australia(b)
Major Cities
15 992 076
16 319 144
327 068
2.0
Inner Regional
4 162 976
4 217 079
54 103
1.3
Outer Regional
2 047 681
2 066 961
19 280
0.9
Remote
318 814
322 749
3 935
1.2
Very Remote
206 707
209 348
2 641
1.3
Total
22 728 254
23 135 281
407 027
1.8

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
(a) See paragraphs 18, 19 and 21 of the Explanatory Notes.
(b) Includes Other Territories.


POPULATION DENSITY

Population density varies greatly across Australia. Australia's population density at June 2013 was 3.0 people per square kilometre (sq km), the same as at June 2012. Among the states and territories, the Australian Capital Territory had the highest population density, at 160 people per sq km, followed by Victoria with 25, New South Wales with 9.3, and Tasmania with 7.5. The remaining states and territories all had population densities below the Australian figure, with the Northern Territory having the lowest at just 0.2 people per sq km.

Population density at June 2013 was highest within Greater Capital Cities, particularly in Greater Sydney. Eight of the country's top ten most densely-populated SA2s were in Greater Sydney, including Pyrmont - Ultimo, which had the highest, at 14,300 people per sq km, Potts Point - Woolloomooloo (13,600), Darlinghurst (13,300) and Surry Hills (13,100). These areas all surround Sydney's central business district.

Within Greater Melbourne, the SA2s with the greatest population densities were inner-city Melbourne (12,400 people per sq km) and neighbouring Carlton (9,000). In Greater Brisbane, New Farm (6,300 people per sq km) and nearby Kangaroo Point (6,000) had the highest population densities.

At the other end of the scale, around 200 SA2s in Australia had population densities of less than 1 person per sq km, the majority of which were in Queensland (45 SA2s), Western Australia (43) and New South Wales (38). The Northern Territory had the highest proportion of SA2s with less than 1 person per sq km, at 26%, followed by Western Australia (17%).

The four SA2s with the largest increases in population density were all within Greater Melbourne. Inner-city Melbourne had the largest increase, adding an extra 2,300 people per sq km. This was followed by nearby Southbank (up by 670 people per sq km), Abbotsford (610) and Carlton (520).

POPULATION DENSITY BY SA2, Australia - June 2013
Diagram: POPULATION DENSITY BY SA2, Australia—June 2013



CENTRE OF POPULATION

The centre of population is one way in which the spatial distribution of Australia's population can be summarised. This point marks the average latitude and longitude around which the population is distributed.

Australia's centre of population at June 2013 was 29 kilometres east of the small service town of Ivanhoe in western New South Wales. This location reflects the concentration of population in south-east Australia. The centre of population moved 27 kilometres north-west between 2003 and 2013. This shift reflects rapid population growth in Queensland and Western Australia over this period.

CENTRE OF POPULATION, Australia - June 2003 and June 2013
Diagram: CENTRE OF POPULATION, Australia—June 2003 and June 2013


ESTIMATED RESIDENT POPULATION, States and Territories - Greater Capital City Statistical Areas (GCCSAs)

ERP AT 30 JUNE
CHANGE
2012r
2013p
2012r-2013p
GCCSA
no.
no.
no.
%

NSW
Greater Sydney
4 676 118
4 757 083
80 965
1.7
Rest of NSW
2 631 065
2 653 316
22 251
0.8
Total
7 307 183
7 410 399
103 216
1.4
Vic.
Greater Melbourne
4 252 458
4 347 955
95 497
2.2
Rest of Vic.
1 380 063
1 391 386
11 323
0.8
Total
5 632 521
5 739 341
106 820
1.9
Qld
Greater Brisbane
2 193 316
2 238 394
45 078
2.1
Rest of Qld
2 374 889
2 418 409
43 520
1.8
Total
4 568 205
4 656 803
88 598
1.9
SA
Greater Adelaide
1 278 600
1 291 666
13 066
1.0
Rest of SA
377 435
379 161
1 726
0.5
Total
1 656 035
1 670 827
14 792
0.9
WA
Greater Perth
1 904 858
1 972 358
67 500
3.5
Rest of WA
533 136
546 963
13 827
2.6
Total
2 437 994
2 519 321
81 327
3.3
Tas.
Greater Hobart
216 921
217 973
1 052
0.5
Rest of Tas.
295 185
295 186
1
-
Total
512 106
513 159
1 053
0.2
NT
Greater Darwin
132 321
136 245
3 924
3.0
Rest of NT
103 560
104 514
954
0.9
Total
235 881
240 759
4 878
2.1
Australian Capital Territory
375 183
381 488
6 305
1.7
Other Territories
3 146
3 184
38
1.2
Australia(a)
Greater Capital City
15 029 775
15 343 162
313 387
2.1
Rest of Australia
7 698 479
7 792 119
93 640
1.2
Total
22 728 254
23 135 281
407 027
1.8

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
(a) Includes Other Territories.

SA3s WITH LARGEST AND FASTEST POPULATION GROWTH IN 2012-2013

ERP AT 30 JUNE
CHANGE
2012r
2013p
2012r-2013p
National rank & SA3(a) GCCSA
no.
no.
no.
%

LARGEST GROWTH

1 Melbourne City Greater Melbourne
105 402
116 431
11 029
10.5
2 Wyndham Greater Melbourne
183 715
194 587
10 872
5.9
3 Whittlesea - Wallan Greater Melbourne
182 920
193 078
10 158
5.6
4 Wanneroo Greater Perth
169 835
178 460
8 625
5.1
5 Casey - South Greater Melbourne
137 806
144 537
6 731
4.9
6 Stirling Greater Perth
197 817
204 028
6 211
3.1
7 Melton - Bacchus Marsh Greater Melbourne
134 046
139 938
5 892
4.4
8 Rockingham Greater Perth
115 068
120 859
5 791
5.0
9 Swan Greater Perth
113 964
119 066
5 102
4.5
10 Tullamarine - Broadmeadows Greater Melbourne
141 705
146 787
5 082
3.6
11 Ormeau - Oxenford Rest of Qld
102 058
106 996
4 938
4.8
12 Townsville Rest of Qld
184 617
189 287
4 670
2.5
13 Parramatta Greater Sydney
133 933
138 596
4 663
3.5
14 Sydney Inner City Greater Sydney
193 029
197 396
4 367
2.3
15 Mandurah Greater Perth
91 753
96 118
4 365
4.8
16 Gosnells Greater Perth
116 939
121 252
4 313
3.7
17 Gungahlin Australian Capital Territory
52 800
57 051
4 251
8.1
18 Armadale Greater Perth
69 567
73 725
4 158
6.0
19 Cockburn Greater Perth
96 866
100 888
4 022
4.2
20 Cardinia Greater Melbourne
80 346
84 234
3 888
4.8

FASTEST GROWTH(b)

1 Melbourne City Greater Melbourne
105 402
116 431
11 029
10.5
2 Gungahlin Australian Capital Territory
52 800
57 051
4 251
8.1
3 Serpentine - Jarrahdale Greater Perth
19 998
21 221
1 223
6.1
4 Armadale Greater Perth
69 567
73 725
4 158
6.0
5 Wyndham Greater Melbourne
183 715
194 587
10 872
5.9
6 North Lakes Greater Brisbane
56 380
59 675
3 295
5.8
7 Kwinana Greater Perth
32 529
34 413
1 884
5.8
8 Whittlesea - Wallan Greater Melbourne
182 920
193 078
10 158
5.6
9 Springfield - Redbank Greater Brisbane
71 832
75 523
3 691
5.1
10 Wanneroo Greater Perth
169 835
178 460
8 625
5.1
11 Rockingham Greater Perth
115 068
120 859
5 791
5.0
12 Casey - South Greater Melbourne
137 806
144 537
6 731
4.9
13 Palmerston Greater Darwin
30 512
31 996
1 484
4.9
14 Cardinia Greater Melbourne
80 346
84 234
3 888
4.8
15 Ormeau - Oxenford Rest of Qld
102 058
106 996
4 938
4.8
16 Mandurah Greater Perth
91 753
96 118
4 365
4.8
17 Blacktown - North Greater Sydney
80 455
84 216
3 761
4.7
18 Kimberley Rest of WA
38 122
39 890
1 768
4.6
19 Swan Greater Perth
113 964
119 066
5 102
4.5
20 Melton - Bacchus Marsh Greater Melbourne
134 046
139 938
5 892
4.4

(a) National Rank based on population change between June 2012 and June 2013. See paragraphs 25 and 26 of the Explanatory Notes.
(b) Excludes SA3s with a population of less than 1,000 at June 2012.

SA3s WITH LARGEST AND FASTEST POPULATION DECLINES IN 2012-2013

ERP AT 30 JUNE
CHANGE
2012r
2013p
2012r-2013p
National rank & SA3(a) GCCSA
no.
no.
no.
%

LARGEST DECLINES

1 Tuggeranong Australian Capital Territory
88 772
88 059
-713
-0.8
2 Glenelg - Southern Grampians Rest of Vic.
36 190
35 725
-465
-1.3
3 Grampians Rest of Vic.
59 790
59 326
-464
-0.8
4 Clarence Valley Rest of NSW
50 893
50 616
-277
-0.5
5 Murray River - Swan Hill Rest of Vic.
37 681
37 414
-267
-0.7
6 Burnie - Ulverstone Rest of Tas.
50 099
49 857
-242
-0.5
7 Latrobe Valley Rest of Vic.
73 797
73 654
-143
-0.2
8 Mid North Rest of SA
27 611
27 510
-101
-0.4
9 Broken Hill and Far West Rest of NSW
21 939
21 846
-93
-0.4
10 Tea Tree Gully Greater Adelaide
94 371
94 279
-92
-0.1

FASTEST DECLINES(b)

1 Fyshwick - Pialligo - Hume Australian Capital Territory
1 535
1 507
-28
-1.8
2 Glenelg - Southern Grampians Rest of Vic.
36 190
35 725
-465
-1.3
3 South East Coast Rest of Tas.
6 841
6 769
-72
-1.1
4 Tuggeranong Australian Capital Territory
88 772
88 059
-713
-0.8
5 Grampians Rest of Vic.
59 790
59 326
-464
-0.8
6 Murray River - Swan Hill Rest of Vic.
37 681
37 414
-267
-0.7
7 Clarence Valley Rest of NSW
50 893
50 616
-277
-0.5
8 Burnie - Ulverstone Rest of Tas.
50 099
49 857
-242
-0.5
9 Broken Hill and Far West Rest of NSW
21 939
21 846
-93
-0.4
10 Loddon - Elmore Rest of Vic.
11 263
11 216
-47
-0.4

(a) National rank based on population change between June 2012 and June 2013. See paragraphs 25 and 26 of the Explanatory Notes.
(b) Excludes SA3s with a population of less than 1,000 at June 2012.

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