8104.0 - Research and Experimental Development, Businesses, Australia, 2013-14 Quality Declaration 
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 04/09/2015   
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BUSINESS RESOURCES DEVOTED TO RESEARCH AND EXPERIMENTAL DEVELOPMENT (R&D)

During 2013-14, expenditure on R&D by Australian businesses was $18,849 million. Business expenditure on R&D (BERD) increased by 3% in current price terms and increased by 1% in chain volume terms in 2013-14.

Business human resources devoted to R&D in 2013-14 totalled 78,839 person years of effort (PYE), an increase of 21% from 2011-12.

BUSINESS RESOURCES DEVOTED TO R&D

2008-09
2009-10
2010-11
2011-12
2013-14

Expenditure on R&D
Current prices $m
17 291
16 760
18 007
18 321
18 849
Chain volume measures(a) $m
18 425
17 479
18 763
18 636
18 849
Human resources devoted to R&D PYE
53 886
57 936
56 511
64 906
78 839

(a) The reference year for chain volume measures is 2013-14. Refer to the Explanatory Notes for details.

Subsequent expenditure figures and supporting commentary relate to current price terms.


BERD as a proportion of GDP decreased, down from 1.23% in 2011-12 to 1.19% in 2013-14.

Graph: shows BERD as a proportion of GDP from 2008-09 to 2013-14. BERD as a proportion of GDP has decreased with each successive reference year.
(a) Refer to the Explanatory Notes for details.


BUSINESS EXPENDITURE ON R&D, summary statistics: values and proportions

EXPENDITURE ON R&D
PROPORTION OF TOTAL EXPENDITURE ON R&D
2011-12
2013-14
2011-12
2013-14
$m
$m
%
%

Type of expenditure
Capital expenditure
Land, buildings and other structures
198
291
1.1
1.6
Other capital expenditure
1 056
872
5.8
4.6
Total(a)
1 254
1 163
6.9
6.2
Current expenditure
Labour costs
7 269
8 701
39.7
46.2
Other current expenditure
9 798
8 986
53.5
47.7
Total(a)
17 067
17 686
93.2
93.8
Total expenditure on R&D(a)
18 321
18 849
100.0
100.0

(a) Where figures have been rounded, discrepancies may occur between the sum of the component items and totals.

BUSINESS HUMAN RESOURCES DEVOTED TO R&D, summary statistics: values and proportions

HUMAN RESOURCES DEVOTED TO R&D
PROPORTIONS OF HUMAN RESOURCES DEVOTED TO R&D
2011-12
2013-14
2011-12
2013-14
PYE
PYE
%
%

Types of resources
        Researchers
        Technicians
        Other staff
32 439
21 514
10 953
39 065
26 547
13 228
50.0
33.2
16.9
49.6
37.7
16.8
Total human resources devoted to R&D(a)
64 906
78 839
100.0
100.0

(a) Where figures have been rounded, discrepancies may occur between the sum of the component items and totals.