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1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 2002  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 25/01/2002   
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Contents >> International Accounts and Trade >> Merchandise exports and imports by commodity

The value of merchandise exports and imports by commodity for 1999-2000 and 2000-01, and their percentage contribution to total exports and imports for 2000-01, is shown in table 30.21. Tables 30.22 and 30.23 show a more detailed commodity breakdown of the top exports and imports for 2000-01.

For 2000-01, exports were $119,602m, up $22,316m (23%) on the previous year. Significant contributors to the increase were Petroleum, petroleum products and related materials, up $3,723m (52%) to $10,868m; Metalliferous ores and metal scrap, up $3,447m (30%) to $14,761m; and Coal, coke and briquettes, up $2,503m (30%) to $10,840m. These increases were partly offset by falls in Iron and steel, down $669m (47%) to $741m; and Transport equipment (excluding road vehicles), down $475m (28%) to $1,197m.

Australia's major commodity exports for 2000-01 and their principal markets were:

  • Coal, $10,825m - 9% of total exports: Japan (46% of total coal exports), the Republic of Korea (10%), India (8%), and Taiwan (6%);
  • Crude petroleum products, $7,610m - 6% of total exports: Singapore (23% of total crude petroleum product exports), Republic of Korea (19%), Taiwan (17%), Japan (16%), and United States of America (13%);
  • Non-monetary gold, $5,110m - 4% of total exports: Singapore (33% of total non-monetary gold exports), the Republic of Korea (18%), United Kingdom (14%), and Hong Kong (SAR of China) (11%). This comprises gold produced in Australia and gold previously imported for refining or manufacturing;
  • Iron ore, $4,912m - 4% of total exports: Japan (43% of total iron ore exports), China (25%), and the Republic of Korea (15%); and
  • Aluminium, $4,741m - 4% of total exports: Japan (40% of total aluminium exports), the Republic of Korea (14%), and Taiwan (13%).

For 2000-01, imports were $118,264m, up $8,186m (7%) on the previous year. Significant contributors to the increase were Petroleum, petroleum products and related materials, up $2,779m (37%) to $10,295m; Road vehicles, up $1,562m (12%) to $14,346m; and Telecommunications and sound recording and reproducing apparatus and equipment, up $1,165m (17%) to $7,938m. These rises were partly offset by falls in Transport equipment (excluding road vehicles), down $2,023m (37%) to $3,409m; and Non-monetary gold, down $709m (30%) to $1,688m.

Australia's major commodity imports for 2000-01 and their principal sources were:
  • Passenger motor vehicles, $8,578m - 7% of total imports: Japan (58% of total passenger motor vehicle imports), Germany (15%), and the Republic of Korea (9%);
  • Crude petroleum oils, $8,205m - 7% of total imports: Viet Nam (26% of total crude petroleum imports), Indonesia (14%), United Arab Emirates (12%), Saudi Arabia (12%), and Papua New Guinea (12%);
  • Telecommunications equipment, $6,050m - 5% of total imports: the United States of America (24% of total telecommunications equipment imports), the Republic of Korea (16%), Japan (10%) and the United Kingdom (9%);
  • Computing equipment, $5,239m - 4% of total imports: the United States of America (17% of total computing equipment imports), Malaysia (16%), Singapore (13%), Japan (12%), Taiwan (12%) and China (10%); and
  • Medicaments, $3,508m - 3% of total imports: the United Kingdom (23% of total medicaments imports), the United States of America (21%), and Germany (10%).

30.21 MERCHANDISE EXPORTS AND IMPORTS, By Commodity

Exports

Imports

Commodity
1999-2000

$m
2000-01

$m
%
contribution
1999-2000

$m
2000-01

$m
%
contribution

Food and live animals
Live animals other than fish, crustaceans, molluscs and aquatic invertebrates
734
871
0.7
128
61
0.1
Meat and meat preparations
4,467
5,772
4.8
155
131
0.1
Dairy products and birds’ eggs
2,383
2,965
2.5
267
306
0.3
Fish (not marine mammals), crustaceans, molluscs and aquatic invertebrates,
and preparations thereof(a)
1,538
1,714
1.4
781
871
0.7
Cereals and cereal preparations(a)
4,940
5,405
4.5
266
304
0.3
Vegetables and fruit(a)
1,305
1,505
1.3
736
775
0.7
Sugars, sugar preparations and honey(a)
173
218
0.2
110
126
0.1
Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices, and manufactures thereof
233
250
0.2
610
592
0.5
Feeding stuff for animals (excl. unmilled cereals)
750
976
0.8
152
182
0.2
Miscellaneous edible products and preparations
369
439
0.4
749
887
0.8
Total(a)
16,892
20,115
16.8
3,954
4,236
3.6
Beverages and tobacco
Beverages
1,515
1,931
1.6
542
680
0.6
Tobacco and tobacco manufactures
57
61
0.1
165
227
0.2
Total
1,572
1,992
1.7
706
907
0.8
Crude materials, inedible, except fuels
Hides, skins and furskins, raw(a)
413
794
0.7
3
2
0.0
Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits
809
725
0.6
81
82
0.1
Crude rubber (incl. synthetic and reclaimed)
13
10
0.0
108
132
0.1
Cork and wood
777
888
0.7
618
494
0.4
Pulp and waste paper
42
44
0.0
232
329
0.3
Textile fibres and their wastes (not manufactured into yarn or fabric)(a)
4,299
5,590
4.7
151
140
0.1
Crude fertilisers and crude minerals (excl. coal, petroleum and precious stones)(a)(b)
443
507
0.4
170
197
0.2
Metalliferous ores and metal scrap(a)
11,314
14,761
12.3
203
279
0.2
Crude animal and vegetable materials, n.e.s.
272
273
0.2
283
269
0.2
Total(a)(b)
18,381
23,592
19.7
1,848
1,922
1.6
Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials
Coal, coke and briquettes
8,337
10,840
9.1
21
10
0.0
Petroleum, petroleum products and related materials(b)
7,145
10,868
9.1
7,516
10,295
8.7
Gas, natural and manufactured
2,601
3,504
2.9
117
167
0.1
Total(b)
18,083
25,211
21.1
7,655
10,473
8.9
Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes
Animal oils and fats
212
214
0.2
8
11
0.0
Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated
43
37
0.0
232
240
0.2
Fats and oils (processed), waxes and inedible mixtures or preparations, of animal or vegetable origin, n.e.s.
47
49
0.0
36
34
0.0
Total
303
300
0.3
277
285
0.2
Chemical and related products, n.e.s.
Organic chemicals(a)(b)
128
118
0.1
2,874
2,854
2.4
Inorganic chemicals(a)(b)
450
547
0.5
682
911
0.8
Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials
551
660
0.6
518
566
0.5
Medicinal and pharmaceutical products(a)
1,715
2,231
1.9
3,520
4,371
3.7
Essential oils and resinoids and perfume materials; toilet, polishing and cleansing preparations
346
396
0.3
915
1,070
0.9
Fertilisers (excl. crude)(a)
45
134
0.1
717
836
0.7
Plastics in primary forms(a)(b)
211
224
0.2
1,093
1,209
1.0
Plastics in non-primary forms
193
202
0.2
937
976
0.8
Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.
556
634
0.5
1,241
1,406
1.2
Total(a)(b)
4,195
5,146
4.3
12,497
14,200
12.0
Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material
Leather, leather manufactures, and dressed furskins, n.e.s.
461
552
0.5
159
193
0.2
Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.(b)
170
172
0.1
1,255
1,412
1.2
Cork and wood manufactures (excl. furniture)(a)
138
219
0.2
568
521
0.4
Paper, paperboard, and articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard(a)(b)
543
587
0.5
2,329
2,444
2.1
Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles, n.e.s., and related products
600
596
0.5
2,632
2,607
2.2
Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.(a)
966
1,022
0.9
1,878
1,871
1.6
Iron and steel(a)(b)
1,410
741
0.6
1,505
1,430
1.2
Non-ferrous metals(b)
7,395
9,398
7.9
804
863
0.7
Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.(b)
644
724
0.6
2,522
2,714
2.3
Total(a)(b)
12,328
14,011
11.7
13,654
14,055
11.9
Machinery and transport equipment
Power generating machinery and equipment
927
887
0.7
2,655
2,701
2.3
Machinery specialised for particular industries
1,112
1,339
1.1
4,153
3,835
3.2
Metal working machinery
243
206
0.2
445
436
0.4
General industrial machinery and equipment, n.e.s. and machine parts, n.e.s.(a)
1,040
1,215
1.0
5,398
5,729
4.8
Office machines and automatic data processing machines
1,312
1,557
1.3
7,589
8,317
7.0
Telecommunications and sound recording and reproducing apparatus and equipment
1,183
1,455
1.2
6,773
7,938
6.7
Electrical machinery, apparatus, appliances,parts (incl. non-electrical counterparts of electrical domestic equipment)(a)(b)
1,322
1,718
1.4
6,213
6,782
5.7
Road vehicles (incl. air-cushion vehicles)
2,808
3,833
3.2
12,784
14,346
12.1
Transport equipment (excl. road vehicles)
1,672
1,197
1.0
5,432
3,409
2.9
Total(a)(b)
11,619
13,408
11.2
51,442
53,492
45.2
Miscellaneous manufactured articles
Prefabricated buildings; sanitary, plumbing, heating and lighting fixtures and fittings, n.e.s.(b)
77
88
0.1
359
378
0.3
Furniture, parts thereof; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings
123
135
0.1
998
1,130
1.0
Travel goods, handbags and similar containers
13
14
0.0
410
477
0.4
Articles of apparel and clothing accessories
338
348
0.3
2,794
3,188
2.7
Footwear(a)
64
64
0.1
848
932
0.8
Professional, scientific and controlling instruments and apparatus, n.e.s.
1,061
1,250
1.0
2,593
2,740
2.3
Photographic apparatus, equipment and supplies and optical goods, n.e.s.; watches and clocks(b)
928
1,107
0.9
1,516
1,628
1.4
Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s.
1,220
1,448
1.2
5,962
6,332
5.4
Total(a)(b)
3,826
4,455
3.7
15,479
16,804
14.2
Commodities and transactions not classified elsewhere in the SITC
Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind
2,249
1,860
1.6
42
53
0.0
Gold coin whether or not legal tender, and other coin being legal tender
89
69
0.1
8
10
0.0
Coin (excl. gold coin), not being legal tender
9
3
0.0
7
1
0.0
Gold, non-monetary (excl. gold ores and concentrates)
5,031
5,110
4.3
2,397
1,688
1.4
Combined confidential items of trade(c)
2,709
4,330
3.6
112
137
0.1
Total(c)
10,088
11,372
9.5
2,566
1,889
1.6
Total merchandise exports and imports
97,286
119,602
100.0
110,078
118,264
100.0

(a) Excludes export commodities subject to a ‘No commodity details’ restriction.
(b) Excludes import commodities subject to a ‘No commodity details’ restriction.
(c) Includes commodities subject to a ‘No commodity details’ restriction.

Source: International Merchandise Trade, Australia (5422.0).

30.22 MERCHANDISE EXPORTS OF MAJOR COMMODITIES(a) - 2000-01

Commodity (SITC code)
$m
%

Aircraft and associated equipment (792)
609
0.5
Alcoholic beverages (112)
1,904
1.6
Aluminium ores and concentrates (incl. alumina) (285)(b)
4,741
4.0
Aluminium (684)
4,388
3.7
Cheese and curd (024)
949
0.8
Coal, not agglomerated (321)
10,825
9.1
Copper ores and concentrates (283)
1,641
1.4
Copper (682)
1,048
0.9
Cotton (263)
1,959
1.6
Crustaceans, molluscs, aquatic invertebrates, live, chilled, frozen, dried or salted; crustaceans, cooked (036)
1,095
0.9
Feeding stuff for animals (excl. unmilled cereals) (081)
976
0.8
Fruit and nuts (excl. oil nuts), fresh or dried (057)
557
0.5
Gas, natural (343)
2,671
2.2
Gold, non-monetary (excl. gold ores and concentrates) (971)
5,110
4.3
Hides and skins (excl. furskins), raw (211)(b)
793
0.7
Internal combustion piston engines and parts thereof, n.e.s. (713)
590
0.5
Iron ore and concentrates (281)
4,912
4.1
Liquefied propane and butane (342)
830
0.7
Live animals (excl. fish, crustaceans, molluscs and aquatic invertebrates) (001)
871
0.7
Machinery and equipment specialised for particular industries and parts thereof (728)
606
0.5
Measuring, checking, analysing and controlling instruments and apparatus, n.e.s. (874)
754
0.6
Meat and edible meat offal (excl. bovine & preserved) fit for human consumption (012)
1,587
1.3
Meat of bovine animals, fresh, chilled or frozen (011)
4,108
3.4
Medicaments (incl. veterinary medicaments) (542)(b)
1,806
1.5
Milk, cream and milk products (excl. butter and cheese) (022)
1,723
1.4
Nickel ores and concentrates; intermediate products of nickel (284)(b)
1,470
1.2
Nickel (683)
564
0.5
Oil seeds & oleaginous fruits, used for extraction of 'soft' fixed vegetable oils (222)
711
0.6
Ores and concentrates of base metal (excl. iron, copper, nickel, aluminium, uranium and thorium) (287)(b)
1,917
1.6
Parts and accessories for office and automatic data processing machines (759)
1,193
1.0
Parts and accessories of the motor vehicles and tractors, n.e.s. (784)
881
0.7
Passenger motor vehicles (excl. public-transport type) (781)
2,735
2.3
Pearls, precious and semi-precious stones, unworked or worked (667)(b)
603
0.5
Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals, crude (333)
7,610
6.4
Petroleum oils and oils from bituminous minerals (excl. crude) (334)
3,227
2.7
Pigments, paints, varnishes and related materials (533)
639
0.5
Ships, boats (incl. hovercraft) and floating structures (793)
547
0.5
Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind (931)
1,860
1.6
Telecommunications equipment, parts and accessories, n.e.s. (764)
1,417
1.2
Vegetables, fresh, chilled, frozen or simply preserved; roots nes, fresh or dried (054)
705
0.6
Wheat and meslin, unmilled (041)
4,146
3.5
Wood in chips or particles and wood waste (246)
747
0.6
Wool and other animal hair (incl. wool tops) (268)(b)
3,590
3.0
Zinc (686)
909
0.8
Total major commodities(b)
92,520
77.4
Total of all other commodities
27,082
22.6
Total merchandise exports
119,602
100.0

(a) Major commodities are at SITC 3-digit level
(b) Excludes commodities subject to a ‘No commodity details’ restriction or 'Broad commodity details' restriction.

Source: International Merchandise Trade, Australia (5422.0).


30.23 MERCHANDISE IMPORTS OF MAJOR COMMODITIES(a) - 2000-01

Commodity (SITC code)
$m
%

Aircraft and associated equipment (792)
2,876
2.4
Articles of plastics, n.e.s. (893)
1,161
1.0
Automatic data processing machines and equipment (752)
5,239
4.4
Baby carriages, toys, games and sporting goods (894)
1,374
1.2
Civil engineering and contractors' plant and equipment (723)
974
0.8
Clothing, of textile fabrics (845)
986
0.8
Edible products and preparations, n.e.s. (098)
881
0.7
Electrical apparatus used in circuits; resistors; printed circuits; boards and panels (772)
1,070
0.9
Electrical machinery and apparatus, n.e.s. (778)
1,800
1.5
Fertilisers (excl. crude) (562)
836
0.7
Footwear (851)
932
0.8
Furniture and parts thereof; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports and cushions (821)
1,130
1.0
Gold, non-monetary (excl. gold ores and concentrates) (971)
1,688
1.4
Heating and cooling equipment, and parts thereof, n.e.s. (741)
1,117
0.9
Household type electrical and non-electrical equipment, n.e.s. (775)
1,185
1.0
Instruments and appliances for medical, surgical, dental or veterinary purposes (872)
814
0.7
Internal combustion piston engines and parts thereof, n.e.s. (713)
1,400
1.2
Machinery and equipment specialised for particular industries and parts thereof (728)
924
0.8
Manufactures of base metal, n.e.s. (699)
1,063
0.9
Measuring, checking, analysing and controlling instruments and apparatus, n.e.s. (874)
1,745
1.5
Mechanical handling equipment and parts thereof, n.e.s. (744)
803
0.7
Medicaments (incl. veterinary medicaments) (542)
3,509
3.0
Medicinal and pharmaceutical products (excl. medicaments of group 542) (541)
862
0.7
Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s. (899)
753
0.6
Motor vehicles for the transport of goods and special purpose motor vehicles (782)
2,193
1.9
Motorcycles and cycles, motorized and non-motorized; invalid carriages (785)
734
0.6
Musical instruments, parts and accessories thereof; records, tapes, etc. (898)
1,041
0.9
Non-electrical machinery, tools and mechanical apparatus and parts thereof, n.e.s. (745)
727
0.6
Organo-inorganic and heterocyclic compounds, nucleic acids and their salts (515)
1,421
1.2
Paper and paperboard (641)
1,884
1.6
Parts and accessories for office and automatic data processing machines (759)
2,577
2.2
Parts and accessories of the motor vehicles and tractors, n.e.s. (784)
2,421
2.0
Passenger motor vehicles (excl. public-transport type) (781)
8,578
7.3
Perfumery, cosmetics or toilet preparations (excl. soaps) (553)
689
0.6
Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals, crude (333)
8,206
6.9
Petroleum oils and oils from bituminous minerals (excl. crude) (334)
1,816
1.5
Plates, sheets, film, foil and strip, of plastics (582)
806
0.7
Printed matter (892)
1,014
0.9
Pumps for gas; ventilating hoods; centrifuges; purifying apparatus (743)
1,062
0.9
Rubber tyres, interchangeable tyre treads, tyre flaps and inner tubes for all wheels (625)
911
0.8
Telecommunications equipment, parts and accessories, n.e.s. (764)
6,050
5.1
Televisions, whether or not combined with radios, video recorders/reproducers (761)
797
0.7
Thermionic, cold or photo cathode valves & tubes, semi conductors etc. (776)
1,401
1.2
Women's or girls' clothing, of textile fabrics, not knitted or crocheted (842)
653
0.6
Total major commodities(b)
80,108
67.7
Total of all other commodities
38,156
32.3
Total merchandise imports
118,264
100.0

(a) Major commodities are at SITC 3-digit level
(b) Excludes commodities subject to a ‘No commodity details’ restriction or 'Broad commodity details' restriction.

Source: International Merchandise Trade, Australia (5422.0).


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