Australian Bureau of Statistics
4613.0 - Australia's Environment: Issues and Trends, 2006
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 10/11/2006
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HOUSEHOLD WATER USE PER CAPITA, 2000-01
Households account for about 10% of total water consumption in Australia. Household water use includes water for drinking, cooking, cleaning and outdoors (in gardens and swimming pools). The Northern Territory had the highest average household use per person (212 kL/capita) in 2000–01, followed by Queensland (137 kL/capita). New South Wales had the lowest (101 kL/capita).
HOUSEHOLD WATER USE PER CAPITA, 2000–01
Source: Water Account Australia 2000-01 (cat. no. 4610.0)
HOUSEHOLD WATER USE BY LOCATION, 2000-01
The majority of household water is used for outdoor purposes (44%) such as water for gardens and swimming pools, followed by indoor uses, including bathrooms (20%) and toilets (15%). Households in Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia and the Australian Capital Territory all reported using more than 50% of household water outdoors in 2000–01. In New South Wales, 25% of household water was used for outdoor purposes and 35% was used outdoors in Victoria. These differences can be partly explained by the smaller individual block sizes and percentages of households with no outdoor facilities in more densely populated areas of these states, as well as by the climatic differences between regions.
Despite rising household water consumption to 2001, the 2002–03 drought and ensuing water restrictions saw household mains water consumption decrease between 2001 and 2004. Unpublished figures from water authorities show in Perth, Western Australia, daily water use per household fell from 317 litres in 2000–01 to 279 litres in 2003–04. Similar falls were observed in most other capital cities during this period (2).
Schemes to encourage greater use of water saving devices and/or practices include the NSW State Government BASIX (Building Sustainability Index) requirements. Taking effect from July 2004, BASIX requires all new homes and all alternations and additions to homes in coastal NSW to produce 25% less greenhouse gases and use up to 40% less water than the NSW average (or a lesser percentage if they are further inland).
HOUSEHOLD WATER USE BY LOCATION, 2000-01(a)
(a) Excludes Tasmania and Northern Territory.
Source: Water Account Australia, 2000–01 (cat. no. 4610.0).
1. ABS/Productivity Commission 2006, Characteristics of Australia’s Irrigated Farms, 2000-01 to 2003-04, (cat. no. 4623.0).
2. ABS, 2005, Australian Economic Indicators, Feature Article, July 2005, (cat. no. 1350.0).
This page last updated 7 December 2007
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