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4517.0 - Prisoners in Australia, 2012 Quality Declaration 
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 02/04/2013  Reissue
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IMPRISONMENT RATES

At 30 June 2012, the Northern Territory continued to have the highest imprisonment rate at 826 prisoners per 100,000 adult population. All states and territories, with the exception of New South Wales and Queensland, recorded increased imprisonment rates compared to 2002, with fluctuations in imprisonment rates occurring within this ten year period. The Northern Territory recorded the largest percentage increase in the imprisonment rate between 2002 and 2012, rising 72% (from 480 prisoners per 100,000 adult population to 826 prisoners per 100,000 adult population). This was followed by Western Australia, increasing by 37% (from 195 to 267 prisoners per 100,000 adults). The imprisonment rate in Queensland decreased between 2002 and 2012 (down 6%, from 168 to 159 prisoners per 100,000 adults), followed by New South Wales, decreasing by 1% (from 172 to 171 prisoners per 100,000 adults). (Table 3.4)


Sex

Between 2002 and 2012 the female imprisonment rate increased in all states and territories except for the Australian Capital Territory, which decreased from 12 to 10 female prisoners per 100,000 adult females. The Northern Territory recorded the highest increase in the female imprisonment rate: 2012 was more than three times the rate of 2002 (from 31 to 99 female prisoners per 100,000 adult female population), followed by Western Australia, with an increase of 84% (from 26 to 48 female prisoners per 100,000 adult female population). (Table 3.5)


Graph Image for Female crude imprisonment rates 2002-2012(a)(b)

Footnote(s): (a) Rate per 100,000 adult female population. See Explanatory Notes, paragraphs 18-26. (b) Crude rates measure the actual rate of imprisonment and are not adjusted for differences in population structures. See Glossary. (c) Data prior to 2009 excludes full-time prisoners sentenced in the ACT and held in NSW prisons. See Explanatory Notes, paragraph 98. (d) Data prior to 2006 include persons aged 17 years. See Explanatory Notes, paragraph 91. (e) All ACT prisoners, including those held in NSW prisons prior to 2009. See Explanatory Notes, paragraph 98.

Source(s): Prisoners in Australia (Cat. no. 4517.0)



Between 2002 and 2012 the male imprisonment rate increased in all states and territories, except Queensland. The Northern Territory recorded the highest proportional increase in the male imprisonment rate, an increase of 72% (from 862 to 1,479 male prisoners per 100,000 adult male population), followed by Western Australia, with an increase of 36% (from 357 to 485 male prisoners per 100,000 adult male population). Queensland recorded a proportional decrease in male imprisonment rates of 8% (from 320 to 294 prisoners per 100,000 adult males).

Graph Image for Male crude imprisonment rates(a)(b), 2002-2012

Footnote(s): (a) Rate per 100,000 adult male population. See Explanatory Notes, paragraphs 18-26. (b) Crude rates measure the actual rate of imprisonment and are not adjusted for differences in population structures. See Glossary. (c) Data prior to 2009 excludes full-time prisoners sentenced in the ACT and held in NSW prisons. See Explanatory Notes, paragraph 98. (d) Data prior to 2006 include persons aged 17 years. See Explanatory Notes, paragraph 91. (e) All ACT prisoners, including those held in NSW prisons prior to 2009. See Explanatory Notes, paragraph 98.

Source(s): Prisoners in Australia (Cat. no. 4517.0)



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