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4529.0 - Defining the Data Challenge for Family, Domestic and Sexual Violence, 2013  
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 07/02/2013  First Issue
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MEASURING RESPONSES

Potential units for analysis
While there are many potential avenues that victims and perpetrators may pursue in response to experiences of family, domestic and sexual violence, information about these interactions with informal and formal support services may be reflected through the following primary counting units:

  • people: victims/perpetrators of family, domestic and sexual violence;
  • incidents of family, domestic and sexual violence; and
  • transactions: services provided in relation to family, domestic and sexual violence.
It should also be noted that one of the major limitations of administrative by-product data are that the counting units used are transactions. As a result, deriving person counts across multiple transactions to obtain multiple victimisation counts may be difficult and in some cases may not be possible.

Questions to support research and policy priorities
There are a number of research/policy questions for systems responding to family, domestic and sexual violence.

About victims:
  • What actions are likely to be taken by a person who has experienced family, domestic or sexual violence?
  • Why do some victims seek professional services or support while others do not?
  • Are victims who do not come into contact with or report to any formal system different from those who do? In what ways?
  • What services and support are needed by victims of family, domestic and sexual violence?
  • What additional supports and services are required by specific population groups?
  • Does the type of response to family, domestic and sexual violence differ between particular population groups?
  • Are special supports required for child victims of/witnesses to family and domestic violence?
  • What is the rate of co-presentation of cases of family, domestic or sexual violence and child abuse?
  • What risks are associated with tailoring services and support around the needs of the people who currently use these services?
  • How best might these services and support be provided?
  • How effective are programs and services in preventing victims from being subjected to family and domestic violence and sexual violence in the future?
  • Why do some victims report family, domestic or sexual violence to police while others do not?
  • Do specific policies, such as pro-arrest policies, have positive or negative effects on the number of family, domestic or sexual violence reports made?
  • What data are available about discretionary decision-making in arrests, where police attend family, domestic or sexual violence incident call-out?
  • Where family, domestic or sexual violence related matters proceed to court, do victims have legal representation?
About perpetrators:
  • What actions might be taken by a perpetrator in response to incident(s)?
  • What services might be needed by a perpetrator? How might they be accessed?
  • How likely is it that a perpetrator of family, domestic violence or sexual violence will re-offend?
  • How effective are programs and services in preventing perpetrators from engaging in family, domestic violence or sexual violence in the future?
  • Are perpetrators who do not come into contact with any formal system different from those who do? In what ways?
  • How likely is it that a perpetrator will be dealt with through the criminal justice system? What is the outcome likely to be?
  • Is there a difference in the outcome for perpetrators depending on whether the sexual violence occurred in a domestic/family context or not?
About family, friends and community:
  • How well-equipped are family, friends, and the community in providing effective support to a person who has experienced family, domestic or sexual violence?
  • How well-equipped are family, friends, and the community in dealing with a perpetrator of family, domestic or sexual violence?
  • What support do families and friends need to fulfil these social roles in relation to informal family, domestic or sexual violence responses?
  • What sort of response do family, friends and the community have towards victims and perpetrators of family, domestic or sexual violence?
  • Are informed responses effective in preventing the re-occurrence family, domestic and sexual violence?
About systems and services:
  • How do the responses to family, domestic or sexual violence vary across jurisdictions?
  • What impact do the various public policy approaches towards family, domestic or sexual violence have upon outcomes for victims and perpetrators of family, domestic or sexual violence across jurisdictions?
  • What kinds of services are most effective?
  • To what extent do systems for victims and perpetrators co-refer their clients and/or have formal systems in place to co-ordinate their service delivery?
  • To what extent do these systems share information to ensure victims’ safety and perpetrator accountability?
  • To what degree are system interactions monitored and reviewed to ensure victim safety and perpetrator accountability?
  • Will formal system agencies and services providing responses be able to deal with any increased demand?
  • In what types of cases and what situations does there end up being statutory involvement?
  • What proportion and types of family and domestic violence cases end up with Family Law Court proceedings?
About disclosure:
  • When is disclosure made by a victim of family, domestic or sexual violence and in what context?
  • What factors impact on the likelihood of a victim's disclosure?
  • To whom is disclosure made? How well equipped are people to support a victim of family, domestic and sexual violence?
  • How does the type of support needed change with the time elapsed?
  • Is fear for safety, or of other repercussions, preventing victims from disclosing incidents of family, domestic and sexual violence?
  • Do rates or types of disclosure differ across population groups?
  • Do perpetrators tend to disclose the incident(s) to others?
  • What factors impact on the likelihood of a perpetrator's disclosure?
  • To whom is disclosure made?
  • In what ways does disclosure differentially impact on children, young people and adults?

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