4364.0.55.009 - Australian Health Survey: Nutrition - State and Territory results, 2011-12  
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Western Australia - Key Facts – Food and Nutrients, 2011-12

FOODS CONSUMED

How much food was consumed in Western Australia?

  • In Western Australia (WA), during 2011-12, people aged two years and over consumed an estimated 3.3 kilograms of foods and beverages (including water) per day, made up of a wide variety of foods.

Foods consumed
In Western Australia 7% of people aged two years and over met the recommended usual daily intake of vegetables and 53% of people met the recommended usual daily intake of fruit, which was similar to the national results.1

Similar proportions consumed the following foods when compared with the national results:
  • ‘Cereal based products and dishes’ (72% for both groups)
  • ‘Meat, poultry and game products and dishes’ (69% for both groups)
  • 'Milk products and dishes’ (86% compared with 85%)
  • ‘Vegetable products and dishes’ (73% compared with 75%)

Western Australians were more likely than all Australians to consume:
  • Mixed dishes where cereal is the major ingredient (e.g. savoury pasta/noodle dishes, burgers, pizza etc.) (38% compared with 35%)
  • Dishes where vegetable is the major component ( 25% compared with 22%)
  • ‘Alcoholic beverages’ (39% of WA adults compared with 32% of all Australian adults)
    • Beer (18% of WA adults compared with 14% of all Australian adults)

Western Australians were less likely than all Australians to consume:
  • ‘Cereals and cereal products’ (87% compared with 89%)
  • Sweet biscuits ( 22% compared with 24%)
  • Savoury biscuits (14% compared with 17%)
  • ‘Fruit products and dishes’ (58% compared with 60%)
    • Citrus fruit (10% compared with 15%)
  • Cheese (30% compared with 32%)
  • Peas and beans (8% compared with 10%)
  • 'Sugar products and dishes'(47% compared with 50%)
For the full list of foods consumed see WA Table 3.1.

Discretionary food
  • Western Australians obtained 36% of their energy from 'discretionary foods'. This was similar to the Australian average of 35%.
  • Adults (aged 19 years and over) from WA obtained 36% of daily energy from discretionary foods. The main food groups contributing to the total energy consumed from discretionary foods were ‘cereal based products and dishes’ (8.9%), ‘alcoholic beverages’ (8.2%) and ‘non-alcoholic beverages’ (3.7%).
  • Children (aged 2-18 years) from WA obtained 38% of daily energy from discretionary foods. The main food group contributing to the total energy consumed from discretionary foods was also ‘cereal based products and dishes’ (13.2%) followed by ‘non-alcoholic beverages’ (4.9%) and ‘confectionary’ (3.7%).
For more information see WA Table 5.1.

ENERGY AND NUTRIENTS

Energy
  • The average energy intake for people aged 19 years and over from WA was similar to the national average for both males (9,818kJ compared with 9,954kJ) and females (7,525kJ compared with 7,420kJ). Total energy intake is likely to be an under-estimate due to under-reporting.
  • Carbohydrates contributed the largest proportion of total energy for Western Australians (similar to all Australians), supplying 44% on average with the balance of energy coming from fat (31%), protein (18%) and dietary fibre (2%). Alcohol also provided 6% of energy intake for adults in Western Australia. These are within the Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Ranges (with the exception of carbohydrates - 44% compared with 45%) and within the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) recommended alcohol intake.
For more information see WA Table 1.1 and WA Table 2.1.

Selected macro and micro nutrients
  • Almost half of all men (46%) and nearly one in three females (32%) in WA consumed alcohol on the day before interview (see WA Table 3.1 for more information).
  • In 2011-12, the average daily consumption of calcium for women aged 19 years and over in WA was 765mg. This is below the estimated average requirement (which is 840mg for females aged 19-50 years and 1100mg for females aged 51 years and over). See WA Table 1.1 for more information.
  • Both boys and adult males in WA had an average intake of salt (2,732mg and 2,713mg respectively) that exceeded the adult upper level of intake of 2,300mg. See WA Table 1.1 for more information.

FOOD AVOIDANCE
  • In 2011-12, 19% of Western Australians aged two years or over reported avoiding particular foods due to allergy or intolerance.
  • Around 8% of people in Western Australia avoided particular foods for cultural, religious or ethical reasons.
See WA Table 6.1 for more information.

FOOD SECURITY

Around 4.8% of people were living in a household in WA that, in the previous 12 months, had run out of food and had not been able to afford to buy more and 2.1% went without food when they couldn’t afford to buy any more. See WA Table 7.1 for more information.

FURTHER INFORMATION

See Further information for definitions and more detailed explanations relating to this analysis.

ENDNOTE:
1. The proportion of persons meeting the recommended intakes for fruit and vegetables were sourced from the Australian Health Survey 2011-13 ( 2011-12 Core component).