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1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 2012  
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 24/05/2012   
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Energy

INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN ENERGY PRODUCTS

In 2009–10, Australia exported a total of 13,702 petajoules of energy products (table 19.8). In terms of energy content, the largest contributors were black coal (61% of total energy exports) and uranium (26%), followed by natural gas (7%) and crude oil (5%). Total energy exports decreased by less than 1% from 2008–09 to 2009–10 with natural gas up 16% and black coal up 12%. The largest fall was uranium (down 25%).

By contrast, total imports of energy products in 2009–10 were relatively small (2,014 PJ), with crude oil making up 52% of energy imports. Imports of primary energy products increased from 1,227 petajoules in 2008–09 to 1,311 petajoules in 2009–10 (up 7%). Imports of secondary energy products increased slightly from 689 petajoules in 2008–09 to 703 petajoules in 2009–10.


19.8 ENERGY PRODUCTS, Volume of exports and imports

Exports
Imports


2008–09
2009–10
Change from 2008–09
to 2009–10
2008–09
2009–10
Change from 2008–09
to 2009–10
PJ
PJ
%
PJ
PJ
%

Primary energy products
Black coal
7 411
8 327
12.4
Crude oil and ORF(a)
614
668
8.8
941
1 056
12.2
LPG
68
75
10.3
27
29
7.4
Natural gas
838
972
16.0
259
226
Uranium
4 754
3 551
–25.3
-
Total
13 685
13 593
-0.7
1 227
1 311
6.8
Secondary energy products
Automotive gasoline
8
8
139
132
–5.0
Diesel
14
7
–50.0
318
335
5.3
Other refined fuels and products(b)
97
94
–3.1
232
236
1.7
Total
119
109
-8.4
689
703
2.0
Total
13 803
13 702
–0.7
1 915
2 014
5.2

– nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
(a) Other refinery feedstock (ORF).
(b) Excludes non-fuel petroleum products such as bitumen, lubricants, solvents and greases.

Source: Energy Account Australia, 2009–10 (4604.0), tables 2.3, 2.4, 3.5 and 3.6.


Graph 19.9 shows the comparison between energy exports and imports from 1979–80 to 2009–10. Over that period, exports of energy products exhibited very strong growth, up 587% from 1,995 petajoules in 1979–80 to 13,702 petajoules in 2009–10. In contrast, there was slower growth in imports of energy products, up 230% from 610 petajoules in 1979–80 to 2,014 petajoules in 2009–10.

19.9 Exports and Imports of Energy Products(a)



Table 19.10 shows the value and contribution of selected energy products to Australia's trade. In 2009–10, the export of selected energy products, excluding uranium, contributed $56.7 billion (28%) to Australia's total merchandise export earnings. Black coal accounted for 64% of the total value of these selected energy exports ($36.4b), followed by crude oil (16%) and natural gas (14%).

Imports of selected energy products accounted for $27.5 billion (14%) of the total value of Australia's imports in 2009–10. Crude oil accounted for 54% of the total value of these selected energy imports ($14.7b), followed by refinery products (41%).



19.10 ENERGY PRODUCTS, Value of exports and imports
Exports
Imports
2008–09
2009–10
Change from 2008–09
to 2009–10
2008–09
2009–10
Change from 2008–09
to 2009–10
$m
$m
%
$m
$m
%

Black coal(a)
54 711
36 446
-33.4
16
12
-25.0
Crude oil and ORF(b)
8 255
8 953
8.5
14 463
14 720
1.8
LPG
1 044
1 103
5.7
382
405
6.0
Natural gas
10 079
7 789
-22.7
2 165
1 218
-43.7
Refinery products
2 783
2 430
-12.7
12 928
11 136
-13.9
Total of selected energy products
76 872
56 721
-26.2
29 954
27 491
-8.2
Total merchandise trade
230 828
200 720
-13.0
219 485
203 590
-7.2

(a) Coking plus steaming.
(b) Other refinery feedstock (ORF).
Source: International Trade in Goods and Services, Australia, July 2011 (5368.0), tables 12b and 13b.

 

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Statistics contained in the Year Book are the most recent available at the time of preparation. In many cases, the ABS website and the websites of other organisations provide access to more recent data. Each Year Book table or graph and the bibliography at the end of each chapter provides hyperlinks to the most up to date data release where available.


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