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1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 2012  
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 24/05/2012   
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Mining

INTERNATIONAL COMPARISONS

The Australian continent is a resource rich land with a thriving Mining industry. Our miners have placed the nation amongst the world's leading producers of the most sought after minerals and contribute over half the total value of Australia's exports. Table 18.29 shows world production of most of the main commodities by the highest producing countries in 2009.

Australia ranks in the top six producing nations of fifteen important minerals (including lead, manganese, silver, tantalum and ilmenite which are not listed in table 18.29). Australia’s production of iron ore, bauxite, zircon and rutile rank first in the world, while production of gold, lead, manganese and ilmenite rank second. Zinc, nickel and uranium rank third, followed by coal and silver fourth, tantalum fifth and copper sixth.

Information on Australia’s international standing in economic demonstrated resources (EDR) of a number of minerals can be found in table 18.9.

18.29 PRODUCTION OF MAJOR MINERALS, OIL AND GAS BY SIGNIFICANT PRODUCER COUNTRIES—2009

Crude oil(a)
Natural gas(b)
Hard coal(c)
Iron ore
Copper(d)
Zinc(e)
Nickel(f)
Zircon(g)
Rutile
Bauxite
Uranium
Gold
'000 barrels daily
bill. cubic metres
Mt
Mt
kt
kt
kt
kt
kt
kt
t
t

China (excludes SARs and Taiwan)
3 790
85
2 845
234
962
3 092
79
130
37
750
300
United States of America
7 196
583
906
27
1 200
736
na
na
1 453
210
Russian Federation
10 032
528
229
91
742
214
262
5
3
3 564
185
India
754
520
257
695
31
21
22
290
Peru
145
4
1 275
1 509
180
Canada
3 212
164
28
33
495
692
137
10 173
100
Chile
5 390
28
40
Indonesia
1 021
72
263
970
203
63
100
South Africa
247
55
116
28
392
134
563
210
Saudi Arabia
9 713
79
Iran
4 216
131
255
115
Mexico
2 979
55
238
494
55
United Arab Emirates
2 599
49
Iraq
2 482
1
Kuwait
2 481
11
Brazil
2 029
12
303
173
38
18
3
28
345
50
Colombia
685
11
73
72
48
Ukraine
19
66
35
60
840
Kazakhstan
1 682
33
96
406
442
5
14 020
22
Norway
2 342
104
Qatar
1 345
89
Namibia
208
4 626
Niger
3 243
Philippines
49
119
37
Australia
559
48
335
394
950
1 267
166
476
280
63
7 982
220
World total
79 948
2 976
5 842
1 588
15 761
11 296
1 347
1 160
577
201
50 772
2 350
Australian % of world
0.7
1.6
5.7
24.8
6.0
11.2
12.3
41.0
48.5
31.3
15.7
9.4

na not available
– indicates nil or very little production by world standards
(a) Includes crude oil, shale oil, oil sands and NGLs (liquid content of natural gas where recovered separately).
(b) Excludes gas flared or recycled.
(c) Includes anthracite and bitumous, and for the United States of America, sub–bitumous coal.
(d) Total metallic content of minerals produced.
(e) Recovered metal zinc content by analysis of zinc ores and concentrates, plus zinc content of other ores intended for recovery.
(f) Includes total metallic content of minerals produced.
(g) Zirconium mineral concentrates.
Source: Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics and Sciences, Australian Commodity Statistics; BP Statistical Review of World Energy; U.S. Geological Survey, Mineral Commodity Summaries; Index Mundi; World Nuclear Association.

 

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Statistics contained in the Year Book are the most recent available at the time of preparation. In many cases, the ABS website and the websites of other organisations provide access to more recent data. Each Year Book table or graph and the bibliography at the end of each chapter provides hyperlinks to the most up to date data release where available.

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