Australian Bureau of Statistics

Rate the ABS website
ABS Home > Statistics > By Catalogue Number
9269.0 - Business Transport Activity, Australia, 2010-11 Quality Declaration 
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 27/06/2012  First Issue
   Page tools: Print Print Page Print all pages in this productPrint All RSS Feed RSS Bookmark and Share Search this Product

EXPLANATORY NOTES

Classifications
Scope
Coverage
Survey design
Effects of rounding
Further information


INTRODUCTION


1 This publication presents economic and financial estimates relating to transport activity in the Australian economy in 2010-11, with a detailed focus on the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industry Classification (ANZSIC) Division I - Transport, Postal and Warehousing industry. The estimates are produced using a combination of directly collected data from the annual Economic Activity Survey (EAS), conducted by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), and Business Activity Statement (BAS) data provided by businesses to the Australian Taxation Office (ATO).


Reference period

2 The period covered by the collection is, in general, the 12 months ended 30 June 2011. Where businesses are unable to supply information on this basis, an accounting period for which data can be provided is used for data other than those relating to employment. Such businesses may make a substantial contribution to some of the estimates presented in this publication. As a result, the estimates can reflect trading conditions that prevailed in periods outside the twelve months ended 30 June 2011.

3 Although financial estimates relate to the full twelve months, employment estimates relate to the last pay period ending in June 2011. As a result, estimates of wages and salaries per person employed may be affected by any fluctuations in employment during the reference period.

4 Financial data incorporate all units in scope of the EAS that were in operation at any time during the year. They also include any temporarily inactive units which were in the development stage or which were not in operation, but which still existed and held or acquired assets and liabilities and/or incurred some non-operating expenses (e.g. depreciation, administration costs).


CLASSIFICATIONS

5 The businesses that contribute to the statistics in this publication are classified:



SCOPE

6 The scope of the collection consists of all business entities operating in the Australian economy during 2010-11, except for:
  • in most industries, entities classified to SISCA Sector 3 General Government. This exclusion particularly affects data presented for Public Administration and Safety, Education and Training and Health Care and Social Assistance (ANZSIC Divisions O, P and Q, respectively), in that the estimates relate only to private sector businesses. However, SISCA Sector 3 General Government businesses classified to Water Supply, Sewerage and Drainage Services (ANZSIC Subdivision 28, within Division D) are included, so that the estimates include data (for example) for relevant local government organisations;
  • entities classified to ANZSIC Division K Financial and Insurance Services.

7 Note that government-owned or controlled Public Trading Enterprises are included.

COVERAGE

8 This section discusses frame, statistical units, coverage issues and improvements to coverage.


Frame

9 Businesses contributing to the estimates in this publication are sourced from the ABS Business Register (ABSBR), which has two components as described below.


Statistical units

10 The ABS uses an economic statistics units model on the ABSBR to describe the characteristics of businesses, and the structural relationships between related businesses. Within large and diverse business groups, the units model is used to define reporting units that can provide data to the ABS at suitable levels of detail.

11 In mid-2002, the ABS commenced sourcing its register information from the Australian Business Register (ABR) and at that time changed its business register to a two population model. The two populations comprise what are called the Profiled Population and the Non-Profiled Population. The main distinction between businesses in the two populations relates to the complexity of the business structure and the degree of intervention required to reflect the business structure for statistical purposes.

Non-Profiled Population

12 The large majority of businesses included on the ABS Business Register are in the Non-Profiled Population. Most of these businesses are understood to have simple structures. For these businesses, the ABS is able to use the Australian Business Number (ABN) as the basis for a statistical unit. One ABN equates to one statistical unit.

Profiled Population

13 For a small number of businesses, the ABN unit is not suitable for ABS economic statistics purposes and the ABS maintains its own units structure through direct contact with businesses. These businesses constitute the Profiled Population. This population consists typically of large or complex groups of businesses. The statistical units model below caters for such businesses:
  • Enterprise group: This is a unit covering all the operations in Australia of one or more legal entities under common ownership and/or control. It covers all the operations in Australia of legal entities which are related in terms of the current Corporations Law (as amended by the Corporations Legislation Amendment Act 1991), including legal entities such as companies, trusts and partnerships. Majority ownership is not required for control to be exercised.
  • Enterprise: The enterprise is an institutional unit comprising:
      • a single legal entity or business entity, or
      • more than one legal entity or business entity within the same enterprise group and in the same institutional subsector (i.e. they are all classified to a single Standard Institutional Sector Classification of Australia (SISCA) subsector).
  • Type of activity unit (TAU): The TAU is comprised of one or more business entities, sub-entities or branches of a business entity within an enterprise group that can report production and employment data for similar economic activities. When a minimum set of data items is available, a TAU is created which covers all the operations within an industry subdivision (and the TAU is classified to the relevant subdivision of the ANZSIC). Where a business cannot supply adequate data for each industry, a TAU is formed which contains activity in more than one industry subdivision.
Contribution of statistical units to the estimates

14 The following paragraphs outline the way in which categories of statistical units contribute to the estimates of financial and economic variables presented in this publication.

TAUs

15 All units in the Profiled Population (i.e. TAUs) were eligible to be selected for direct collection.

ABN units

16 All units on the ABSBR not classified as TAUs were ABN units from the Non-Profiled Population.

17 An indication of the economic impact of these populations can be gained from their contribution to the national estimate of sales and service income. For the Transport, Postal and Warehousing industry, the contribution to sales and service income was 58% for TAUs and 42% for ABNs.


Coverage issues

18 Each ABN unit or TAU on the ABSBR has been classified (by the ATO and the ABS respectively) to its single predominant industry class, irrespective of any diversity of activities undertaken.

19 Some businesses engage, to a significant extent, in activities which are normally carried out by different industries. For example, a predominantly wholesaling trade business may also generate income from transport activity. Where a business makes a significant economic contribution to industries classified to different ANZSIC subdivisions, the ABS includes the business in the Profiled Population, and 'splits' the TAU's reported data between the industries involved. Significance is determined using total income.

20 A TAU's reported data are split if the inclusion of data relating to the secondary activity, in the statistics of the industry of the primary activity, distorts (by overstating or understating) either the primary or secondary industry statistics at the ANZSIC subdivision level by:
  • 3% or more, where the industries of the primary and secondary activities are in the same ANZSIC division
  • 2% or more, where the industries of the primary and secondary activities are in different ANZSIC divisions.

21 The ABS attempts to maintain a current understanding of the structure of the large, complex and diverse business groups that form the Profiled Population on the ABSBR, through direct contact with those businesses. Resultant changes in their structures on the ABSBR can affect:
  • the availability of such businesses (or units within them) for inclusion in the annual economic collections
  • the delineation of the units, within those groups, for which data are to be reported.

22 The ABS attempts to obtain data for those businesses selected for direct collection and which ceased operation during the year, but it is not possible to obtain data for all such businesses.

Improvements to coverage

23 Data in this publication have been adjusted to allow for lags in processing new businesses to the ABSBR, and the omission of some businesses from the register. The majority of businesses affected, and to which the adjustments apply, are small in size. As an example, the effect of these adjustments is generally 4% or less for most ANZSIC industry divisions.

24 Adjustments have been made to include new businesses in the estimates in the period in which they commenced operations, rather than when they were processed to the ABSBR.

25 For more information on these adjustments, please refer to the ABS publication Information Paper: Improvements to ABS Economic Statistics, 1997 (cat. no. 1357.0).

SURVEY DESIGN

26 In order to minimise the load placed on providers, the strategy for this collection was to use, as much as possible, information sourced from the ATO, thus reducing the size of the direct collect sample needed to maintain the range and quality of information available to users of statistical data. The frame (from which the direct collect sample was selected) was stratified using information held on the ABSBR. Businesses eligible for selection in the direct collect sample were then selected from the frame using stratified random sampling techniques.

27 Businesses were only eligible for selection in the survey (the direct collect sample) if their turnover exceeded a threshold level, or the business was identified as being an employing business (based on ATO information), as at the end of the reference period. Turnover thresholds were set for each ANZSIC class so that the contribution of surveyed businesses accounted for approximately 97.5% of total industry class turnover as determined by Business Activity Statement (BAS) data. A sample of 23,103 businesses was selected for the directly collected part of the 2010-11 EAS, including 3,996 classified to the Transport, Postal and Warehousing industry division. Each business was asked to provide data sourced primarily from financial statements, mainly by mail out questionnaires. In 2010-11 businesses were asked more detailed transport activity related questions, particularly those in the Transport, Postal and Warehousing industry division.

28 Businesses which met neither of these criteria are referred to as 'micro non-employing businesses'. These businesses were not surveyed directly. Instead BAS data for them were obtained and annualised, then added to the directly collected estimates to produce the statistics in this publication. The total estimated value of annual BAS turnover of micro non-employing businesses during the 2010-11 reference year was $43.1b, or 1.3% of total BAS turnover in Total Selected Industries.


EFFECTS OF ROUNDING

29 Where figures have been rounded, discrepancies may occur between totals and the sums of the component items.

30 Proportions, ratios and other calculated figures shown in this publication have been calculated using unrounded estimates and may be different from, but are more accurate than, calculations based on the rounded estimates.

FURTHER INFORMATION

31 A range of further information is available, as described below.


Related publications

32 The following ABS publications present transport related data:

Other information available


33 Inquiries should be made to the National Information and Referral Service on 1300 135 070.


Acknowledgement

34 ABS publications draw extensively on information provided freely by individuals, businesses, governments and other organisations. Their continued cooperation is very much appreciated; without it, the wide range of statistics published by the ABS would not be available. Information received by the ABS is treated in strict confidence as required by the Census and Statistics Act 1905.

Use of Australian Taxation Office (ATO) data in this publication

35 The results of these studies are based, in part, on tax data supplied by the ATO to the ABS under the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936, which requires that such data are only used for statistical purposes. No individual information collected under the Census and Statistics Act 1905 is provided back to the ATO for administrative or regulatory purposes. Any discussion of data limitations or weaknesses is in the context of using the data for statistical purposes, and is not related to the ability of the data to support the ATO's core operational requirements.

36 Legislative requirements to ensure privacy and secrecy of these data have been followed. Only people authorised under the Australian Bureau of Statistics Act 1975 have been allowed to view data about any particular organisation and/or person in conducting these analyses. No information about individual taxpayers (persons) has been released to the ABS. Aggregated personal income tax data are confidentialised by the ATO before release to the ABS. In accordance with the Census and Statistics Act 1905 results have been confidentialised to ensure that they are not likely to enable identification of a particular person or organisation.

Bookmark and Share. Opens in a new window

Commonwealth of Australia 2014

Unless otherwise noted, content on this website is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 Australia Licence together with any terms, conditions and exclusions as set out in the website Copyright notice. For permission to do anything beyond the scope of this licence and copyright terms contact us.