8109.0 - Research and Experimental Development, Government and Private Non-Profit Organisations, Australia, 2011-12 Quality Declaration 
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 14/06/2013   
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1 Non-sampling errors may arise as a result of errors in the reporting or processing of data. These errors can be introduced through inadequacies in the questionnaire, treatment of non-response, inaccurate reporting by data providers, errors in the application of survey procedures, incorrect recording of answers and errors in data capture and processing.

2 The extent to which non-sampling error affects the results is difficult to measure. Every effort is made to minimise non-sampling error by careful design and testing of the collection instrument, the use of efficient operating procedures and systems, and the use of appropriate methodologies.

Reliability of statistics

3 When interpreting the statistics in this release, the reliability and comparability of the estimates may be affected by the following specific non-sampling errors:

  • Many organisations provided estimates due to a lack of separately recorded data on R&D activity. This was most prevalent for government organisations without a specific research focus.
  • Data were self-classified by organisations to Type of activity, Fields of Research and Socio-economic Objective at the time of reporting. Some organisations may have experienced difficulty in classifying their R&D projects. The ABS makes every effort to ensure correct and consistent interpretation and reporting of these data by applying consistent processing methodologies.
  • The estimation method for R&D related overhead costs varied across organisations and reference periods.

Treatment of non-response

4 For non-responding organisations that had reported R&D activity in the 2008-09 survey, data for 2011-12 were imputed using previous cycle data.

5 For non-responding organisations that did not report R&D activity in the previous cycle, data were not imputed. These organisations are not expected to have significant levels of R&D activity.


6 In processing 2011-12 data, no revisions were applied to 2008-09 estimates due to the three year gap between the collection cycles.