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4529.0 - Defining the Data Challenge for Family, Domestic and Sexual Violence, 2013  
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 07/02/2013  First Issue
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DATA NEEDS

A range of data may be required to inform the short, medium and long-term impacts and outcomes of family, domestic and sexual violence. The following summarises these data needs.

Victims
Health and other psycho-social supports
Information on the range and severity of the physical and mental health impacts, and the long-term outcomes of family, domestic and sexual violence, would inform understanding of victims’ experiences and assist policy measures to provide appropriate support and services. Potential data sources include general practitioners, maternal and child health clinics, hospitals and counselling services.

Experience of the justice system
An understanding of victim experiences of the civil or criminal justice system would provide information for evaluating and improving system responses, processes and outcomes. Measuring perceptions of these experiences and responses is equally important as they may influence the propensity to report crime generally and family, domestic and sexual violence in particular.

Economic costs
The ability to measure the direct or tangible economic costs relating to family, domestic and sexual violence helps to quantify the overall impacts and outcomes and assists in estimating the costs of violence. Direct costs that are quantifiable include crisis services, accommodation services, legal services, income support, child welfare and family support programs, health care and medical services, loss of income, and loss of productivity.

Further economic impacts for victims and secondary victims may be felt through costs associated with moving house, relocating, and losses to income involved in the dissolution of a relationship. Employment, education and productivity impacts can be measured by changes in work patterns and income due to victimisation, including sick days or leave days taken as a result.

Perpetrators
Health and other psycho-social supports
Outcomes of treatment programs, rehabilitation programs and other interventions and supports provide an evaluation of their effectiveness. An understanding of positive or negative intervention outcomes (rehabilitation or recidivism) is important in determining best practice. This can result in more effectively targeting programs that support behavioural change for perpetrators. Information about the effectiveness of such programs may potentially be elicited from those involved.

Criminal justice outcomes
Outcomes for perpetrators are well-documented and recorded when their crime is reported and dealt with through the criminal justice system. For perpetrators who are given a custodial penalty, their experience in prisons may lead to other outcomes that are unrelated to their original crime. There is also a need to understand the outcomes for those perpetrators who do not progress beyond key points in the criminal justice system. Information about outcomes may improve public confidence in the system’s ability to deal with these perpetrators, and increase the likelihood of reporting to authorities.

Family, friends and the community
Information about the impacts and outcomes for family, friends and the community provides data about the costs to the wider community, including the type of support provided and how this affects outcomes for the victim/perpetrator. Information about changed relationships and activities as a result of an incident of family, domestic and sexual violence and details of costs incurred (emotional, financial) are useful to quantify community impacts.

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