Attitudinal data are necessary to inform a description of environmental contextual factors. Individual psycho-social factors may be best described by qualitative information. Various research methodologies such as community attitude surveys or smaller focus groups can be used to measure attitudes, and can provide an indication of changes over time through longitudinal studies. Measurement of the differences in attitudes across the general community, in age groups and population groups of interest, and by gender are of particular interest in understanding contextual factors.
Data on the following can inform the context in which family, domestic and sexual violence takes place:
Potential units for analysis
- general social environment, attitudes and norms;
- geographical location;
- social capital;
- historical and cultural context;
- socioeconomic status;
- substance use;
- mental illness;
- family composition; and
- relationship between victim and perpetrator
In exploring the contextual factors that can influence the life experiences of those affected by family, domestic and sexual violence, and the attitudes held within the community, the contextual factors above may be considered for the following subpopulations of interest:
Questions to support research and policy priorities
- children and youth;
- elderly people;
- people with disabilities (intellectual, physical);
- Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people;
- ethnic and religious groups; and
- Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex people.
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- What are the environmental factors that influence the societal and community context within which family, domestic or sexual violence occurs?
- What are the characteristics of communities that have a higher incidence of family, domestic and sexual violence?
- What are the factors that influence community attitude formation and change? What are the most effective mediums to influence community attitudes?
- Where might there be opportunities to influence or change this environment?
- What environmental factors are most predictive of prevalence of family, domestic and sexual violence?