4307.0.55.002 - Apparent Consumption of Alcohol: Extended Time Series, 1944-45 to 2008-09 Quality Declaration 
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 18/01/2011  First Issue
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The following table includes notes on changes to definitions and methods in the historical sources, as reported at the time. These notes are presented here for historical purposes. For more information about the assumptions used in the production of this publication, see the Explanatory Notes. In some cases the assumptions used in this publication will supercede the notes below.


Reference year

1944Restrictions placed on production of beer in Australia between March 1942 and March 1946. Limited output for civilian supplies to an average of about 86 million gallons annually.
1946-47 Includes consumption by services in Australia, subject to revision.
1953-54Method revised to give a more accurate result for beer consumption statistics. Beer consumption statistics are based on the quantity of beer removed from the breweries, duty paid, plus the quantity removed free of duty for consumption in Australia, with the addition of small quantities of imports cleared for home consumption. Adjustments have been made on this basis to details for earlier years.
1955-56Net change in stocks for wine, changed to movement in wholesalers stocks (movements in stocks of Australian fortified wine in bond to 1954-55).
1958-59From 1958-59, beer available for consumption consists of the quantity removed duty paid from breweries or breweries delivery stores, plus that removed free for home consumption less the quantity on which a refund of duty was paid with the additional of small quantities of imported beer cleared for home consumption.
1960-61Inclusion of total spirits (whisky, gin, rum and brandy).
1963-64Spirits data comprised from: stocks in customs bonds and distilleries only; excludes liqueurs. Takes into account wastage balance figure.
1972-73Total consumption of beer, wine and spirits given in litres (changed from gallons).
1973-74Net change in stocks for wine, includes movement in stocks held by winemakers, importers and wholesalers.
1975-76Some wine data comes from Sales and Stocks of Australian Wine and Brandy by Winemakers (8504.0)
1976-77Spirits listed include: brandy, gin, liqueurs (incl. flavoured spirits), rum, vodka, other n.e.i. (includes bitters, ouzo and whisky).
Wines listed include: dessert wine, sherry, sparkling and carbonated wine, table wine, other wine n.e.i.
1984-85The increased market share of 'low alcohol' beers and wines had led to a revision in the methodology of calculating litres of alcohol consumption. From 1984-85, consumption data will show the apparent decrease resulting from the inclusion of low alcohol beverages.
From 1984-85 to 1988-89, this distinction was made using a concentration of 2.4% v/v for low-alcohol beer and 4.8% for standard beer. Before 1984-85, alcohol from beer was calculated using a concentration of 4.8% v/v.
1989-90From 1989-90 onwards data for beer have been complied on the basis of excise data. Prior to this alcohol content of beer was calculated using 2.4% by volume for low alcohol beer and 4.8% for other beer.
Data for prior years were not re-calculated, so that only data for the 1989-90 and subsequent years are directly comparable.
1992-93Home production: Calculations of the extent of production by householders for their own use have been based on the results of a survey of Home Production conducted by the ABS in April 1992. Home Production of Selected Foodstuffs, Australia, 1992 (cat. no. 7110.0).
1993-94Alcohol content provided for wines in 1993-94: dessert wine (17.9%), sherry (17.7%), sparkling and carbonated (10.6%), table wine (10.8%), and other wine n.e.i. (14.4%).
1994-95Publication changed to Apparent Consumption of Foodstuffs, Australia (cat. no. 4306.0). Previously called Apparent Consumption of Foodstuffs and Nutrients (cat. no. 4306.0).
1996-97Information available from both Apparent Consumption of Foodstuffs, Australia (cat. no. 4306.0) and Apparent Consumption of Alcohol, Australia, 2002-03 (cat. no. 4307.0.55.001).
1997-98Change to wine types, now including vermouth (no alcohol content provided).
Change to spirits types, include: brandy, liqueurs (incl. flavoured spirits), rum, vodka, other n.e.i. (includes bitters, gin, ouzo and whisky).
1999-00From 1999-2000, apparent consumption is calculated by dividing the quantity available for consumption by the estimated resident population of persons aged 15 years and over in Australia at 31 December each year.
2000-01From 2000-01 beer type includes: low strength, mid strength and full strength beer [low strength (> 1.15% and =<3.0%), mid strength (>3.0% and =<3.5%), full strength (>3.5%)].
2002-03Ready to Drink (pre-mixed) products include spirit-based, wine-based, and other than spirit or wine-based products.
Spirits excludes Ready to Drink (pre-mixed) spirits.
2003-04Beer: Since 2003-04 the excise data used in these calculations has been obtained from the Australian Taxation Office. In previous years excise data was obtain from the Australian Custom Service. As the non-excisable component of alcohol (the first 1.15%) was estimated by these departments, the 2003-04 data may not be directly comparable with previous years. Data may not be comparable with previous years.
Spirits: Alcohol intake from spirits is obtained from import clearance data and excise data on Australian production with an adjustment to account for the excise paid on imported spirits which are commercially mixed with locally manufactured soft-drinks after importation. Since 2003-04 the excise data used in these calculations has been obtained from the Australian Taxation Office. In previous years excise data was obtain from the Australian Customs Service.
Import clearance codes used to calculate the Ready To Drink (pre-mixed) products available for consumption quantity are: 2208.90.2036 (distilled alcoholic beverages, nes, having an alcoholic strength by volume exceeding 1.15% but not exceeding 10% volume) and 2208.90.2037 (spiritous beverages, nes, having an alcoholic strength by volume exceeding 1.15% but not exceeding 10% volume). Ready to Drink (pre-mixed) products can include spirit based, wine based, and other unspecified based products.
2006-07As a result of excise tariff reform in July 2006 new data items (for beer brewed on the premises) which were not provided in previous editions have been introduced to the Australian Taxation Office (ATO) source data. The additional data items have been prorated across all beer strengths for this edition. As a result, the total quantity of alcohol available for consumption and apparent consumption per person for beer may not be directly comparable with data prior to 2004–05.
There have been changes to the excise data for beer provided by the ATO since excise tariff reform in July 2006. Currently, only data on the dutiable quantity of alcohol in beer is provided. Data on the first 1.15% of alcohol in beer (which does not attract excise), and data on the total volume of beer, is no longer provided. As a result, in this edition, the 1.15% excise-free component and the total volume of beer have been estimated using separate average strength estimates for packaged and tap beer for each of the three beer strengths, based on historical excise data. Therefore, the total quantity of alcohol and total volume of beer available for consumption, and apparent per capita consumption for beer, may not be directly comparable with data before 2005–06.
2008-09After a review into the estimated component for home production, incorporating advice from the industry, the estimate for the home production of beer was marginally increased from 2.1% of total beer available for consumption to 2.2%.
A review of the alcoholic content of wine took place. Alcoholic content as follows: fortified (17.9%), sparkling and carbonated (11.2%), table wine average (12.7%), table wine - white (12.2%), table wine - red (13.4%), vermouth (16.4%), other wine n.e.i. (14.4%).