4125.0 - Gender Indicators, Australia, Aug 2015  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 25/08/2015   
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LEADERSHIP ROLES

This section on Leadership Roles includes the Key and Related series for the following Indicators:

Non-public sector employers
Parliamentarians
Membership of Commonwealth Government boards and bodies
Australian Public Service senior and middle managers
Judges and magistrates



NON-PUBLIC SECTOR EMPLOYERS


Key Series



CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICERS (CEOs) (a) OF NON-PUBLIC SECTOR EMPLOYERS (b), 2013-14

2013-14

Males (no.)
4,374
Females (no.)
914

Males (%)
82.7
Females (%)
17.3

(a) The CEO or head of business in Australia is intended to refer to the highest ranking corporate officer (executive) or an administrator in charge of management of an organisation. The CEO may be known under different titles, for example, vice chancellor, managing director, general manager, managing partner or principal.
(b) Under the Workplace Gender Equality ACT 2012 (Act), all non-public sector employers with 100 or more employees in Australia for any six months or more of a reporting period are required to report on their gender composition. The six months do not have to be consecutive months. All employees (headcount, not full-time equivalent) should be counted. This includes full-time, part-time, casual, contract and temporary employees of the employer (including all of its subsidiaries employing employees in Australia). For employers that are part of a corporate group, the 100 or more employees’ threshold applies to the combined total of employees of the parent entity and all subsidiaries in Australia. If a relevant employer has previously reported and its number of employees falls below 100, it must continue to report until the total number of employees across all entities within its corporate structure falls below 80 for six months or more of the particular reporting period.

Source: Workplace Gender Equality Agency (WGEA), Australia's Gender Equality Scorecard, November 2014
Workplace Gender Equality Agency (WGEA), 'Data Explorer' database





Related Series




KEY MANAGEMENT PERSONNEL (a) IN NON-PUBLIC SECTOR EMPLOYERS (b), 2013-14

2013-14

Males (no.)
15,242
Females (no.)
5,389

Males (%)
73.9
Females (%)
26.1

(a) Key management personnel are persons who have authority and responsibility for planning, directing and controlling the activities of the entity, directly or indirectly, including any director (whether executive or otherwise) of that entity, in accordance with Australian Accounting Standards Board AASB124. A defining feature of KMPs is that their influence is at the entity level. They are likely to be functional heads such as head of operations or head of finance and direct how that component contributes to the entity’s outcome, with a strategic focus. The KMP is a manager who represents at least one of the major functions of the organisation and participates in organisation-wide decisions with the CEO.
(b) Under the Workplace Gender Equality ACT 2012 (Act), all non-public sector employers with 100 or more employees in Australia for any six months or more of a reporting period are required to report on their gender composition. The six months do not have to be consecutive months. All employees (headcount, not full-time equivalent) should be counted. This includes full-time, part-time, casual, contract and temporary employees of the employer (including all of its subsidiaries employing employees in Australia). For employers that are part of a corporate group, the 100 or more employees’ threshold applies to the combined total of employees of the parent entity and all subsidiaries in Australia. If a relevant employer has previously reported and its number of employees falls below 100, it must continue to report until the total number of employees across all entities within its corporate structure falls below 80 for six months or more of the particular reporting period.

Source: Workplace Gender Equality Agency (WGEA), Australia's Gender Equality Scorecard, November 2014
Workplace Gender Equality Agency (WGEA), 'Data Explorer' database




OTHER EXECUTIVES/ GENERAL MANAGERS (a) IN NON-PUBLIC SECTOR EMPLOYERS (b), 2013-14

2013-14

Males (no.)
23,325
Females (no.)
8,966

Males (%)
72.2
Females (%)
27.8

(a) Other executives/general managers hold primary responsibility for the equivalent of a department or a business unit. In a large organisation, this manager might not participate in organisation-wide decisions with the CEO. Alternatively, this manager could have influence in organisation-wide decision making forums to provide expertise or project development but because they do not actually hold authority at an entity level they would not be defined as a KMP.
(b) Under the Workplace Gender Equality ACT 2012 (Act), all non-public sector employers with 100 or more employees in Australia for any six months or more of a reporting period are required to report on their gender composition. The six months do not have to be consecutive months. All employees (headcount, not full-time equivalent) should be counted. This includes full-time, part-time, casual, contract and temporary employees of the employer (including all of its subsidiaries employing employees in Australia). For employers that are part of a corporate group, the 100 or more employees’ threshold applies to the combined total of employees of the parent entity and all subsidiaries in Australia. If a relevant employer has previously reported and its number of employees falls below 100, it must continue to report until the total number of employees across all entities within its corporate structure falls below 80 for six months or more of the particular reporting period.

Source: Workplace Gender Equality Agency (WGEA), Australia's Gender Equality Scorecard, November 2014
Workplace Gender Equality Agency (WGEA), 'Data Explorer' database



GOVERNING BODIES/ BOARDS (a) IN NON-PUBLIC SECTOR EMPLOYERS (b), 2013-14

2013-14

Directors (no.) (c)
Males
Females
23,873
7,404
Chair persons (no.)
Males
Females
3,455
469

Directors (%) (c)
Males
Females
76.3
23.7
Chair persons (%)
Males
Females
88.0
12.0

(a) A governing body is defined as the board of directors, trustees, committee of management, council or other governing authority of the employer. This includes voluntary boards of not-for-profit organisations. A governing body/board can be one person (e.g. sole director) or more.
(b) Under the Workplace Gender Equality ACT 2012 (Act), all non-public sector employers with 100 or more employees in Australia for any six months or more of a reporting period are required to report on their gender composition. The six months do not have to be consecutive months. All employees (headcount, not full-time equivalent) should be counted. This includes full-time, part-time, casual, contract and temporary employees of the employer (including all of its subsidiaries employing employees in Australia). For employers that are part of a corporate group, the 100 or more employees’ threshold applies to the combined total of employees of the parent entity and all subsidiaries in Australia. If a relevant employer has previously reported and its number of employees falls below 100, it must continue to report until the total number of employees across all entities within its corporate structure falls below 80 for six months or more of the particular reporting period.
(c) Chair persons are listed separately, but are also included in the figures for Directors.

Source: Workplace Gender Equality Agency (WGEA), Australia's Gender Equality Scorecard, November 2014
Workplace Gender Equality Agency (WGEA), 'Data Explorer' database



PARLIAMENTARIANS


Key series



FEDERAL PARLIAMENTARIANS (a)

2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015

Males (no.)
162
162
159
159
158
162
160
160
154
157
Females (no.)
64
64
67
67
68
64
66
66
70
69

Males (%)
71.7
71.7
70.4
70.4
69.9
71.7
70.8
70.8
68.7
69.5
Females (%)
28.3
28.3
29.6
29.6
30.1
28.3
29.2
29.2
31.3
30.5

(a) Reference period is as at 1 January in each year. These figures are calculated according to the current number of parliamentarians, and do not include vacant seats.

Source: Commonwealth Parliamentary Library, Unpublished data, Australia.





Related Series


FEDERAL GOVERNMENT MINISTERS (a)

2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015

Males (no.)
24
25
23
23
23
24
23
22
25
25
Females (no.)
6
5
7
7
7
6
7
8
5
5

Males (%)
80.0
83.3
76.7
76.7
76.7
80.0
76.7
73.3
83.3
83.3
Females (%)
20.0
16.7
23.3
23.3
23.3
20.0
23.3
26.7
16.7
16.7

(a) Reference period is as at 1 January in each year.

Source: Commonwealth Parliamentary Library, Unpublished data, Australia.




FEDERAL GOVERNMENT CABINET MINISTERS (a)(b)

2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015

Males (no.)
14
14
16
16
16
16
17
17
18
17
Females (no.)
3
3
4
4
4
4
5
5
1
2

Males (%)
82.4
82.4
80.0
80.0
80.0
80.0
77.3
77.3
94.7
89.5
Females (%)
17.6
17.6
20.0
20.0
20.0
20.0
22.7
22.7
5.3
10.5

(a) Reference period is as at 1 January in each year.
(b) Federal government cabinet ministers represent a council of senior ministers.

Source: Commonwealth Parliamentary Library, Unpublished data, Australia.

For a historical commentary on this indicator, refer to the January 2013 release.




MEMBERSHIP OF COMMONWEALTH GOVERNMENT BOARDS AND BODIES

Key Series

APPOINTMENTS ON COMMONWEALTH GOVERNMENT BOARDS AND BODIES (a)(b)

2013
2014

no.
%
no.
%

Males
2,354
58.3
1,934
60.3
Females
1,685
41.7
1,272
39.7


(a) Reference period at 30 June in each year.
(b) Not all Australian Government boards or board positions are reportable. For the definition of a reportable board or board position, see: Office for Women (OfW), Department of Prime Minister and Cabinet (PM&C), 'Gender Balance on Australian Government Boards Report 2013–2014', Canberra.

Source: Office for Women (OfW), Department of Prime Minister and Cabinet (PM&C), 'Gender Balance on Australian Government Boards Report 2013–2014', Canberra;
Office for Women (OfW), Department of Prime Minister and Cabinet (PM&C), 'Gender Balance on Australian Government Boards Report 2012–2013', Canberra;





Related Series

CHAIR/ DEPUTY CHAIR POSITIONS ON COMMONWEALTH GOVERNMENT BOARDS AND BODIES (a)(b)

2013
2014

no.
%
no.
%

Males
370
68.9
315
69.2
Females
167
31.1
140
30.8


(a) Reference period at 30 June in each year.
(b) Not all Australian Government boards or board positions are reportable. For the definition of a reportable board or board position, see: Office for Women (OfW), Department of Prime Minister and Cabinet (PM&C), 'Gender Balance on Australian Government Boards Report 2013–2014', Canberra.

Source: Office for Women (OfW), Department of Prime Minister and Cabinet (PM&C), 'Gender Balance on Australian Government Boards Report 2013–2014', Canberra;
Office for Women (OfW), Department of Prime Minister and Cabinet (PM&C), 'Gender Balance on Australian Government Boards Report 2012–2013', Canberra;
Unpublished (2013) data, Commonwealth Department of Finance (DoF), AusGovBoards.



AUSTRALIAN PUBLIC SERVICE SENIOR AND MIDDLE MANAGERS


Key Series
SENIOR EXECUTIVE SERVICE (SES) MANAGERS IN THE AUSTRALIAN PUBLIC SERVICE (APS) (a)(b)

2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014

Males (no.)
1,227
1,351
1,483
1,551
1,615
1,634
1,656
1,681
1,649
1,530
Females (no.)
615
714
823
900
945
967
1,030
1,087
1,086
1,026

Males (%)
66.6
65.4
64.3
63.3
63.1
62.8
61.7
60.7
60.3
59.9
Females (%)
33.4
34.6
35.7
36.7
36.9
37.2
38.3
39.3
39.7
40.1

(a) Reference period is as at 30 June in each year.
(b) The Australian Public Service Commission regularly makes minor revisions to APS staff numbers. This is primarily in response to corrections made to the personnel records of the source agency.

Source: Unpublished data based on the Australian Public Service Statistical Bulletin, Australian Public Service Commission, Canberra.





Related Series


EXECUTIVE LEVEL (EL) MANAGERS IN THE AUSTRALIAN PUBLIC SERVICE (APS) (a)(b)

2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014

Males (no.)
16,109
17,082
18,444
19,412
20,259
20,934
21,873
22,453
22,023
20,719
Females (no.)
10,487
12,036
13,727
15,392
16,560
17,521
18,635
19,548
19,693
18,665

Males (%)
60.6
58.7
57.3
55.8
55.0
54.4
54.0
53.5
52.8
52.6
Females (%)
39.4
41.3
42.7
44.2
45.0
45.6
46.0
46.5
47.2
47.4

(a) Reference period is as at 30 June in each year.
(b) The Australian Public Service Commission regularly makes minor revisions to APS staff numbers. This is primarily in response to corrections made to the personnel records of the source agency.

Source: Unpublished data based on the Australian Public Service Statistical Bulletin, Australian Public Service Commission, Canberra.



JUDGES AND MAGISTRATES


Key Series

COMMONWEALTH JUSTICES/ JUDGES (a)(b)

2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015

Males (no.)
107
107
114
110
109
108
105
103
101
100
Females (no.)
33
33
40
45
43
44
46
46
55
53

Males (%)
76.4
76.4
74.0
71.0
71.7
71.1
69.5
69.1
64.7
65.4
Females (%)
23.6
23.6
26.0
29.0
28.3
28.9
30.5
30.9
35.3
34.6


(a) Reference periods as at May 2004, March 2005, October 2006, and March for 2007 to 2015.
(b) Male and female Commonwealth justices/ judges as a proportion of the total number of Commonwealth justices/ judges for each year. (This includes justices/ judges in the High Court, Federal Court, Family Court and Federal Circuit Court).

Source: Australasian Institute of Judicial Administration, Judicial gender statistics.
Unpublished data, Australasian Institute of Judicial Administration.



Definitions of the concepts presented above can be found in the Democracy, Governance and Citizenship Glossary (under the Explanatory notes tab). More detailed information can be found in the Democracy, Governance and Citizenship Data Cube (under the Downloads tab).