Australian Bureau of Statistics

Rate the ABS website
ABS Home > Statistics > By Release Date
ABS @ Facebook ABS @ Twitter ABS RSS ABS Email notification service
3303.0.55.001 - Causes of Death, Australia: Doctor Certified Deaths, Summary Tables, 2010  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 29/11/2011   
   Page tools: Print Print Page Print all pages in this productPrint All RSS Feed RSS Bookmark and Share Search this Product

Introduction
All Deaths
Doctor Certified Deaths

INTRODUCTION

Deaths in Australia can be categorised as either deaths which are certified by a medical practitioner (doctor certified) or coroner. Doctor certified deaths are predominantly due to natural causes, whilst coroner certified deaths are typically due to external or unknown causes.

This publication contains summary information on causes of death for all doctor certified deaths for Australia.

Doctor certified deaths accounted for 87.9% of all deaths registered in 2010. The remainder were reported to, and certified by, a coroner.

Causes of death for all deaths in 2010, whether doctor or coroner certified, will be published in Causes of Death, Australia, 2010 (cat. no. 3303.0), due for release in 2012.

The proportion of deaths certified by a doctor varies according to cause of death.

  • For example, deaths classified to Chapter II Cancer (C00-D48) and Chapter IX Diseases of the circulatory system (I00-I99) have a higher proportion of deaths certified by doctors. In 2010, doctor certified deaths classified to these chapters accounted for 33.9% and 31.2% of total doctor certified deaths, respectively.
  • In contrast, deaths classified to Chapter XVIII (Ill-defined causes) and Chapter XX (External causes) have a much lower proportion of deaths certified by doctors. In 2010, doctor certified deaths classified to these chapters accounted for only 0.3% and 1.3% of total doctor certified deaths, respectively (see Table 2). Given the low number of doctor certified deaths for these particular causes, they are not presented in detail in this publication. Information will be available in the 2012 release of Causes of Death, Australia, 2010 (cat. no. 3303.0) which will provide detailed information on causes of death for all deaths in 2010.

ALL DEATHS

There were 143,473 deaths registered in Australia in 2010. This was 2,713 (1.9%) more than the number registered in 2009 (140,760). The standardised death rate (SDR) in 2010 was 5.7 deaths per 1,000 standard population. This continues a steady decline in the standardised death rate over the past decade from 6.8 deaths per 1,000 in 2000, and is slightly lower than the 2009 rate (5.8 deaths per 1,000). See Explanatory Note 42 for further information on standardised death rates.

Males accounted for 73,484 (51.2%) deaths registered in 2010, and females accounted for the remaining 69,989 deaths (48.8%). The sex ratio (male deaths per 100 female deaths) has been gradually declining over the past decade, down from 108.7 in 2000 to 105.0 in 2010.

Further details on numbers of deaths registered can be found in Deaths, Australia, 2010 (cat.no. 3302.0).

DOCTOR CERTIFIED DEATHS

Of all deaths registered in 2010, 126,094 (87.9%) were certified by a doctor. The remainder were reportable deaths, certified by a coroner (12.1%).

Males accounted for 61,832 (49.0%) of all doctor certified deaths registered in 2010, with females accounting for the remaining 64,262 (51.0%). In contrast, males accounted for a higher proportion of coroner certified deaths (11,652 or 67.0%) compared to females (5,727 or 33%). The median age at death for doctor certified deaths registered in 2010 was 82.5 years, whereas the median age at death for coroner certified deaths registered in 2010 was substantially lower at 59.1 years (see Table 4).

State and Territory Doctor Certified Deaths

The proportion of deaths certified by a doctor varies between jurisdictions. In 2010, Northern Territory had the lowest proportion of deaths certified by a doctor at 69.7%. The Australian Capital Territory had the next lowest proportion of deaths certified by a doctor at 83.2%. New South Wales had the highest proportion of deaths certified by a doctor with 90.1%. The proportions for all jurisdictions in 2010 were comparable with the proportions in 2009..

1 Deaths, by Certifier type, State and territory of usual residence - 2010

2010
Doctor
Coroner
Total
no.
%
no.
%
no.

NSW
43 192
90.1
4 753
9.9
47 945
Vic.
31 100
87.3
4 523
12.7
35 623
Qld
24 136
88.4
3 153
11.6
27 289
SA
10 912
84.2
2 045
15.8
12 957
WA
10 839
85.2
1 881
14.8
12 720
Tas.
3 827
89.6
442
10.4
4 269
NT
684
69.7
297
30.3
981
ACT
1 397
83.2
282
16.8
1 679
Aust.
126 094
87.9
17 379
12.1
143 473


Bookmark and Share. Opens in a new window

Commonwealth of Australia 2014

Unless otherwise noted, content on this website is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 Australia Licence together with any terms, conditions and exclusions as set out in the website Copyright notice. For permission to do anything beyond the scope of this licence and copyright terms contact us.