Australian Bureau of Statistics
5489.0 - International Merchandise Trade, Australia, Concepts, Sources and Methods, 2001
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 30/05/2001
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3.15 Gross weight refers to the shipping weight of goods (measured in kilograms) in the packaged state, excluding the weight of containers. For exports, details of gross weight are available for each commodity. For imports, details of gross weight are not available for individual commodities because only the total gross weight is reported for each Customs entry, regardless of how many separate lines / commodities that entry may contain. Gross weight is assigned to the first line / commodity in the entry to enable commodity estimates to be produced. Gross weight data for imports, therefore, should only be disseminated on a regional (i.e. port, state, country) or type of transport (i.e. sea, air, parcel post) basis.
3.20 Overseas country is defined as a geographical entity which trades, or has the potential to trade, with Australia in accordance with Customs provisions. Australian territories such as Cocos (Keeling) and Christmas Islands are treated as separate geographical entities for the purposes of Australia's international merchandise trade statistics, due to the Customs provisions that apply to them. Self-governing territories and dependant territories under the administration of countries other than Australia may be treated as individual countries in Australian trade statistics.
3.21 For exports, overseas country refers to the country of final destination of the goods at the time of export. In those cases where it is found to be impossible to determine the final destination, the country of final destination is recorded as 'destination unknown'.
3.22 For imports and import clearances, overseas country refers to the country of origin of the goods. Where it is found to be impossible to determine the country of origin, goods are recorded as 'origin unknown'.
3.23 All land masses are divided into geographic territories which trade, or have the potential to trade, with Australia. These territories are shown in Appendix 2. For completeness, the category 'International Waters' has been added to represent areas of the seas and oceans which have no recognised ownership.
3.24 Overseas port is the foreign sea or air port where the goods are loaded onto the international carrier (port of loading), prior to its uninterrupted voyage to Australia for imports and imports clearances, or the final foreign sea or air port at which the goods are unloaded from the international carrier (port of discharge), after it has left Australia, for exports. However, the port from where the goods are discharged may not necessarily be the ultimate destination of the goods.
3.25 The following data items are provided in respect of State:
3.26 The State of loading and State of origin may be different, e.g. goods produced or manufactured in Tasmania are loaded onto an international carrier for export in Victoria. There are also situations where the State of discharge and State of final destination are not the same. However, an ABS investigation in respect of imports for 1996-97 indicated that the State of discharge and State of final destination were identical for the majority of imports.
This page last updated 20 January 2006
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