Australian Bureau of Statistics
4513.0 - Criminal Courts, Australia, 2010–11 Quality Declaration
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 24/02/2012
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Four states and territories had decreases in the numbers of defendants finalised in the Higher Courts in 2010-11: New South Wales (11%), Western Australia (10%), the Northern Territory (11%) and Queensland (2%). The remaining states and territories had increases, the largest being the Australian Capital Territory (16%) (Table 2.11).
Five offence types accounted for over three-quarters of defendants finalised in the Higher Courts in 2010-11: acts intended to cause injury (22%), illicit drug offences (19%), sexual assault (18%), robbery and extortion (10%), and unlawful entry with intent (7%) (Table 2.5).
In 2010-11, 88% of defendants finalised were male and 12% were female. These proportions have remained relatively stable over time, with males accounting for 86-88% of defendants since 2005-06 (Table 2.2).
The proportion of males and females was similar across the states and territories. Queensland (85%) and Tasmania (87%) had a smaller proportion of males than the national average and the Northern Territory (91%), New South Wales (90%), Victoria (89%) and the Australian Capital Territory (90%) had a larger proportion (Table 2.3).
Those aged 20 to 29 years accounted for over one-third (38%) of defendants finalised in the Higher Courts. This was followed by defendants aged 30 to 39 years (26%) (Table 2.6).
Charges withdrawn by the prosecution
In 2010-11, 2,197 (13%) defendants had their charges withdrawn by the prosecution, a small increase from 2009-10 (Table 2.2).
During 2010-11, the following offences had the largest proportion of defendants finalised through the withdrawal of charges by the prosecution (Table 2.5):
South Australia (29%) and Tasmania (26%) had larger proportions of defendants finalised by charges withdrawn than the national average of 14%. New South Wales and Victoria had the smallest proportion of defendants finalised by this method (5% and 6% respectively) (Table 2.3).
Of the 16,298 defendants finalised, 7% (1,142) were acquitted. This represents no change from the proportion in 2009-10 (Table 2.2).
Two principal offences accounted for over two-thirds of all defendants acquitted in 2010-11: sexual assault (542 or 48%) and acts intended to cause injury (257 or 23%) (Table 2.5).
Defendants finalised with sexual assault and homicide offences had the largest proportion of defendants acquitted (19% and 15% respectively) (Table 2.1).
Queensland and Tasmania had the lowest proportion of defendants acquitted (6%) and the Australian Capital Territory had the highest (10%) (Table 2.3).
Defendants proven guilty
In 2010-11, the majority (78% or 12,768) of defendants finalised in the Higher Courts were proven guilty. Of these defendants, a large proportion (88% or 11,203) pleaded guilty, while 11% had a guilty finding at trial (Table 2.2).
The proportion of defendants pleading guilty varied by offence type: 82% of defendants with a principal offence of robbery and extortion pleaded guilty, whereas 44% of defendants with homicide offences and 46% of defendants with sexual assault offences pleaded guilty (Table 2.5).
This page last updated 13 February 2013
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