Australian Bureau of Statistics
1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 2002
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 25/01/2002
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Of the 5,938 businesses in the cleaning services industry, only 101 businesses (less than 2% of all businesses) employed more than 100 persons. These large businesses accounted for 52% of industry income, and 55% of industry employment.
The first ABS survey of the security services industry was conducted in respect of 1998-99. The industry is defined as all businesses mainly engaged in providing security, protection and private enquiry services. It excludes police services and businesses mainly providing locksmith services, alarm installing, or manufacturing and wholesaling of alarms.
At the end of June 1999 there were 1,714 businesses in the security services industry (table 21.26). The provision of static guard/crowd control services was the main activity of 811 businesses within the sector, and the provision of mobile patrol services was the main activity of 420 businesses. Of the remainder, 368 businesses were mainly involved in private investigative and enquiry services, 54 businesses in security monitoring services, and 26 businesses in cash-in-transit/armoured car services.
At 30 June 1999 there were 31,752 persons working in the security services industry. Casual employees accounted for 47% of total employment, while full-time employees and permanent part-time employees accounted for 37% and 14% respectively.
During 1998-99, the total income of the security services industry was $1,395m. Businesses in the industry carried out a diverse range of security work, with 38% of total income generated from static guard and crowd control services, 23% from mobile patrol services and 22% from other security services including cash-in-transit and armoured car services. Other major sources of income were security monitoring services (9% of total income) and private investigator and enquiry services (4% of total income).
Expenses of $1,304m were incurred by the security services industry during 1998-99. Labour costs of $756m accounted for 58% of total expenses. In 1998-99, the industry recorded an operating profit before tax of $90m, which represented an operating profit margin of 6.5%.
At 30 June 1999 there were 19 businesses in the security services industry employing 100 persons or more. These businesses accounted for 54% of industry employment and 63% of industry income in 1998-99; the operating profit before tax of these large businesses was $68m, accounting for 76% of the industry's operating profit before tax.
The first ABS survey of the employment services industry was conducted in respect of 1998-99. The industry includes all businesses mainly involved in the provision of employment services such as personnel recruitment, search, selection, referral and job placement on a permanent, temporary and contract employment basis.
At the end of June 1999 there were 2,127 businesses involved in the provision of employment services (table 21.27). Of these, 1,719 (82%) were for profit, with the remainder being not-for-profit organisations. During 1998-99 there were 2,736,333 job placements made by these businesses, of which 88% were temporary and contract placements.
At 30 June 1999 there were 28,912 persons working directly for businesses in the employment services industry, with 50% of these persons working as employment consultants. A further 278,937 persons were employed by businesses in the employment services industry and were on-hired to other businesses.
During 1998-99, the total income generated by the employment services industry was $7,818m. The main components of this income were derived from employers for persons on-hired ($5,784m or 74%) and income derived from job network placement activity of $595m. Income generated from employer payments for permanent placement and personnel recruitment services was $548m.
Total expenditure of businesses in the employment services industry during 1998-99 was $7,404m. Labour costs were the highest single expense ($5,758m), representing 78% of total expenses. The average labour costs per person working directly for businesses in the employment services industry were $39,500. Other significant expenses incurred by the industry were Rent, leasing and hiring expenses ($130m) and Advertising expenses ($83m).
In 1998-99 the industry recorded an operating profit/surplus before tax of $426m, representing an operating profit margin of 5.6%.
This page last updated 20 August 2007
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