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2914.0.55.002 - 2006 Census of Population and Housing: Media Releases and Fact Sheets, 2006  
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 27/06/2007  First Issue
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MEDIA FACT SHEET
June 27, 2007
Embargoed 9.30 am (AEST)
70/2007
Balance of the sexes favours women – Census

  • The 2006 Census shows that Australia continues to have a slight imbalance in the sexes favouring females. The sex ratio reveals that there were 97 males for every 100 females. This pattern is followed in all states and the Australian Capital Territory. By contrast, the Northern Territory has slightly more males than females, with 106 males for every 100 females. Western Australia is close to being in balance with 99 males for every 100 females. The detailed picture below the state and territory level shows a widely varying distribution of the sexes.
  • The statistical local areas (SLAs) showing the highest ratio of males to females are Canberra's Duntroon (270 males per 100 females) and the Northern Territory's Litchfield (Shire – Part A) (270/100). The population of both of these areas is dominated by the presence of defence force facilities. Other areas showing high proportions of males include those with mining operations, for example Wiluna (Shire) WA (211 males per 100 females). Similarly, prisons affect the sex ratio of a number of areas – Queensland's Stuart-Roseneath (187 males per 100 females) and Victoria's Greater Geelong (City) – Part C (150 males per 100 females). There is also a consistent pattern of males outnumbering females in a number of inner-city SLAs and secondary town centres of the capitals, and some large regional cities.
  • Where sex ratios favour females, the two areas with the lowest sex ratios (more females than males) are Perth's Peppermint Grove (Shire) and Canberra's Deakin (76 and 77 males per 100 females respectively). Both of these areas have all-female boarding schools, as does Albion in Brisbane (81). Some areas showing relatively large numbers of females have a high proportion of older people in the population, as women are more likely to survive into older ages than men, for example Sydney's Mosman (Area) (84/100) and Adelaide's Burnside (City) – South West (86/100). In particular areas, the presence of retirement villages and aged care facilities will further increase the ageing effect – Brisbane's Chermside and Taigum-Fitzgibbon (80/100 and 83/100), and Canberra's Page (84/100). Areas with higher ratios of females occur outside of the capitals, but are less common.
  • For people seeking partners, the range of data available from the Census does allow a narrowing of the field. Looking at people aged 20–39 years (i.e. those in prime partnering ages) and not in a couple, and excluding those in institutions, a different picture emerges to the one obtained using sex ratios. Across Australia there is less competition when looking for a man in this age group (52% unattached) than when looking for a woman (44% unattached).

NB: The figures in this fact sheet exclude overseas visitors. Where an answer to a question has not been provided (i.e. not stated) these occurrences form a separate category in the data and therefore some percentages do not total to 100%.

Source: ABS 2006 Census.

Table 1. 2006 Census, Sex ratios and unattached persons(a) - states and territories

NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT
Aust.(b)


Sex Ratio
97.0
96.0
98.0
97.0
99.0
96.0
106.0
97.0
97.0

%

Unattached persons % of all persons aged 20-39 years(a)
Males
52.2
52.7
49.4
52.8
51.1
48.9
49.7
53.3
51.6
Females
44.0
45.4
41.6
43.6
41.4
41.8
41.4
46.1
43.6
All persons
48.0
49.0
45.4
48.2
46.2
45.2
45.6
49.7
47.5

(a) Unattached persons are those people aged 20-39 years who are not married and not in defacto relationships, and excludes those in institutions (i.e. prisons, mental health facilities, etc.) and in convents or monasteries.
(b) Includes Other Territories.

Table 2. 2006 Census: Sex Ratio(a), Top two Statistical Local Areas with the most Males/Females(b)

Male
Female
Total
Sex Ratio(a)

New South Wales

Most males
Junee (A) (Prison)
3 283
2 494
5 777
132
Sydney (C) - East
26 444
20 297
46 741
130
Most females
Woollahra (A)
23 332
26 829
50 161
87
Mosman (A)
12 001
14 234
26 235
84

Victoria

Most males
Greater Geelong (C) - Pt C (Prison)
1 773
1 182
2 955
150
Wellington (S) - Rosedale (Prison)
4 140
3 168
7 308
131
Most females
Gr. Bendigo (C) - Eaglehawk (University)
4 027
4 601
8 628
88
Queenscliffe (B)
1 389
1 628
3 017
85

Queensland

Most males
Stuart-Roseneath (Prison)
804
431
1 235
187
Wacol (Prison)
2 872
1 580
4 452
182
Most females
Albion (Boarding school, Retirement/Aged accommodation)
1 086
1 337
2 423
81
Chermside (Retirement/Aged accommodation)
2 815
3 534
6 349
80

South Australia

Most males
Unincorp. Far North (Remote)
904
665
1 569
136
Coober Pedy (DC) (Mining, Remote)
1 082
829
1 911
131
Most females
Burnside (C) - South-West
9 687
11 199
20 886
86
Unley (C) - East
8 907
10 327
19 234
86

Western Australia

Most males
Wiluna (S) (Remote, Mining)
461
219
680
211
Laverton (S) (Remote, Mining)
460
266
726
173
Most females
Mosman Park (T) (Boarding school)
3 772
4 476
8 248
84
Peppermint Grove (S) (Boarding school)
683
897
1 580
76

Tasmania

Most males
Hobart (C) - Inner
274
180
454
152
Derwent Valley (M) - Pt B (Prison)
1 583
1 355
2 938
117
Most females
Glenorchy (C)
20 785
22 628
43 413
92
Burnie (C) - Pt A
8 125
8 872
16 997
92

Northern Territory

Most males
Litchfield (S) - Pt A (Military facility)
900
333
1 233
270
City - Inner
1 482
999
2 481
148
Most females
Hanson (Indigenous, Remote)
371
433
804
86
Daguragu (CGC) (Indigenous, Remote)
250
292
542
86

Australian Capital Territory

Most males
Duntroon (Military facility)
1 223
461
1 684
265
City (Canberra)
439
280
719
157
Most females
Page (Retirement/Aged accommodation)
1 229
1 463
2 692
84
Deakin (Boarding school)
1 136
1 470
2 606
77

(a) Males per 100 females.
(b) Exclude areas with less than 500 people, and those who had no usual address or who were in off-shore areas. Where the sex ratio of the Statistical Local Area is substantially affected by a clearly identifiable feature of the area these have been noted in square brackets.


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